When equipping the aquarium, do not forget the substrates. In the market there is a wide range to choose from. But you always have to keep in mind that if there are plants it has to be a nutritive substrate. Since, although the plants collect much of the nutrients, Through their leaves, they also use the roots for absorption.
They are also the gravels and sands that are mostly used as a base. Or even as a decoration in landscaping, even with different shades to give the aquarium a better effect. They are called inert substrate and it is indicated for beginners, since it does not require any attention or water control.
More substrate types
Exist nutritious substrates. These are responsible for providing the necessary fertilizer for the plants in the aquarium. Mostly this substrate is placed with sand or gravel on top to prevent the nutrient from coming into contact with the water.
These types of substrates have a drawback. The plant roots may end up moving the base. Eventually it would come out over the gravel base. However, there is another type of substrate that is already mixed with the nutrients and the sand to facilitate the settlement in the aquarium. No matter how much the aquarium is moved, it will not be stirred.
The substrates really have to be adapted to each aquarium And especially if we talk about beginners, it is not necessary to complicate much being a simple aquarium. As long as it is nutritious so that the plants can settle and the ecosystem does not move, it would be the most suitable.
If, on the other hand, you are looking for a ecosystem with varied plants and an aquarium of large proportions, the substrate has to be consistent with the requirements. Nutritive substrates that regulate the parameters and absorb the excess nutrients generated by the aquarium.