Tsarin ruwa

ilimin ruwa

La ilimin ruwa Tsari ne wanda ya hada halaye na al'adun kifi daga hanyar gargajiya ta kiwo tare da al'adun hydroponic. A al'adun hydroponic shine wanda ake shuka shuke-shuke ba tare da wani nau'in substrate ba. Ana amfani da ruwa tare da adadi mai narkewa na wannan don wannan. Wannan dabarar na taimaka wajan inganta yanayin yanayin yanayin rayuwar shuke-shuke da kifi.

A cikin wannan labarin zamu fada muku menene ma'anar aquaponics kuma menene ainihin halayenshi.

Menene ilimin ruwa

masana'antun ruwa

Tsari ne mai dorewa wanda zai iya samarda tsirrai da kifi iri daya. hada halayen gargajiyar gargajiya ta gargajiya tare da al'adun hydroponic. Waɗannan abubuwa biyu suna da mahimmanci don iya iya kiwon dabbobin ruwa da girma shuke-shuke. Sharar da ake samu daga noman kifi na iya tarawa a cikin ruwa kuma ya yi amfani da rufaffiyar hanyar da za ta iya sake tsara tsarin tsarin kiwon kifin na gargajiya.

Kodayake ruwa mai wadataccen ruwa na iya zama mai guba ga wasu dabbobi, ba za a iya musun cewa yana da muhimmiyar mahimmanci ga haɓakar tsiro ba. Wannan saboda magudanan ruwa suna da wadataccen kayan abinci wanda shuke-shuke ke buƙatar samun damar haɓaka yadda ya kamata.

Yadda yake aiki

tsarin ruwa

Aquaponics yana aiki tare da abubuwa daban-daban ko ƙananan tsari. Bari mu ga menene abubuwan da aka kafa a cikin wannan aikin:

  • Kiwo kiwo: shine wurin da kifi ke ciyarwa da girma. shi a matsayin karamar mazauninta domin ci gabanta.
  • Cire daskararru: Rukuni ne wanda ake amfani dashi don kawar da abincin da kifin ya cinye sannan kuma a tattara kyawawan kayan marmari. Anan galibi ana samar da kwayar halitta ne a saman ruwa.
  • Tace halittu: Kamar yadda yake a duk yanayin yanayin ruwa, ana buƙatar ƙwayoyin cuta masu narkewa. Wadannan kwayoyin suna da alhakin canza ammonia zuwa nitrates wadanda tsirrai ke cinyewa.
  • Tsarin Hydroponic: shine ɓangaren dukkanin tsarin inda tsire-tsire zasu iya girma ta hanyar ɗimbin abinci mai gina jiki daga ruwa. A wannan yanayin babu nau'in substrate. Ruwa ne mai dauke da sinadarai masu gina jiki wanda ke sanya tsiron ya bunkasa.
  • Jimlar: shine mafi ƙasƙanci na kowane tsarin hydroponic. Wannan shi ne bangaren da ruwa ke gudana kuma aka sake tura shi zuwa tankunan kulawa.

Abin da ake buƙata don yin kifin ruwa

Don samun damar yin ruwa da ruwa kana bukatar abu mai mahimmanci. Duk game da tsarkakewa ne. Nitrification shine jujjuya yanayin iska na ammonia zuwa nitrates. Nitrates sune wadanda ke da alhakin rage yawan guba na ruwa ga kifi. Kari akan haka, ana kawar da nitrates din da shuka kuma ana amfani dashi don gina jiki. Kifi na iya zubar da ammoniya koyaushe azaman samfurin kuzarinsu.

Mafi yawan wannan ammoniya yana bukatar a tace shi, saboda yawan haduwar sa na iya kashe kifi. Wannan yana sanya aquaponics suyi amfani da damar ƙwayoyin cuta don su sami damar canza su zuwa wasu abubuwan haɗin nitrogen.

Don yin aquaponics kuna buƙatar tsarin aquaponic wanda aka kirkiresu ta tsarin ƙasa guda biyu. Wadannan su ne:

  • Shuka shuki a cikin hydroponics.
  • Noman kifi a cikin tankin kifi ta amfani da kifin.

Yadda ake yin ruwa a gida

Akwai mutane da yawa da suke son yin ruwa a gida. Ya kamata su san cewa suna buƙatar wasu kayan aiki don aiwatar da su. Wadannan kayan sune kamar haka:

  • Tebur namo
  • Ruwan ruwa biyu
  • Ruwan famfo na ruwa
  • Ruwa
  • Shuke-shuke
  • Kifi
  • Siphon bayan gida
  • Arlita

Abu na farko shine sanya tankin akan teburin girma. Kuna iya yin rami girman siphon na tsafta kuma zamu iya sanya shi tsakanin tebur da tanki. Dole ne a sanya tankin a ƙarƙashin akwatin kifaye kuma mun sanya famfon ruwa wanda zai haura zuwa yankin da za a sanya tsire-tsire. Gaba, muna sanya bututun tare da ramuka don kare siphon daga dutsen yumbu. Dole ne a wanke yumbu.

Mun sanya shukar a cikin tukunyar yumbu muka cika ta da ruwa yadda zai fara tacewa. Ba za a saka kifin ba har tsawon makonni 3, lokacin da tsarin ya riga ya fara aiki kuma akwai mulkin mallaka na kwayan cuta. Kada mu manta cewa kwayoyin cuta ne ke da alhakin canza sinadarin ammonia, wanda ya zama barnar kifi sakamakon tasirin su, zuwa sinadarin nitrate wanda tsirran ke amfani dashi a matsayin na gina jiki. Wannan shine daidaito mai gudana wanda dole ne masanan ruwa su sami.

Amfanin

Kamar yadda ake tsammani, wannan aikin yana da babban rashi, fa'idodin tattalin arziki da samarwa. Zamuyi nazarin menene fa'idojin ruwa.

  • Yawa ya fi noman hydroponic da kuma wanda ake bayarwa ta gargajiyar gargajiya. Don wannan aikin yayi girma, dole ne a fara daidaita shi.
  • Babu sauran gurbacewar kowane nau'i. Bugu da kari, yawan shan ruwa kadan idan muka kwatanta shi da sauran tsarin aikin gona. Wannan saboda tsarin sake zagayowarta ne. Tan san sake cika ruwan da ya ɓace ta hanyar ƙazamar ruwa.
  • Ba lallai ba ne don amfani da mafita na gina jiki kamar yadda yake a cikin hydroponics. Haka kuma ba kwa buƙatar gurɓata ko amfani da takin mai tsada kamar aikin gona na yau da kullun. Dogaro da wasu nau'ikan abubuwan da ruwan yake da su a wasu yankuna, ya zama dole a ƙara wasu abubuwan zaitun kamar baƙin ƙarfe, alli da potassium. Tsarin a wasu lokuta baya samarda wadatattun abubuwa a cikin wadatattun abubuwa.
  • Kifin da ake samarwa ya fi lafiya fiye da waɗanda aka tashe a cikin kiwon kifin kuma ƙimar samarwa ta fi girma. Hakanan ba lallai ba ne a bi da sharar kifin kamar yadda yake a cikin wasu hanyoyin gargajiya na kiwo. Hakanan ba a kore su zuwa cikin teku ko kwaskwarimar ruwa mai ɗabi'a kuma yana hana ƙoshin ruwayen.
  • Zamu iya samar da kayan lambu da kifi mai inganci mafi kyau a sarari daya.
  • Yana da babban juriya ga kwari da cututtuka.

Ayyukan ruwa na Masana'antu

Babban aikin samar da ruwa a fannin masana'antun ruwa a China. Tana da kadada sama da 4 kuma tana amfani da sabbin fasahohi haɗe da tsohuwar gora. Ana amfani da shi don amfani da gwajin noman shinkafa a cikin tafkunan kifi da kuma samar da tushe don haɓaka dukkan albarkatun ƙasar na gargajiya. Hakanan akwai ƙoƙari don ilimin ɗan adam dawo da wasu abubuwan gina jiki daga ƙasa.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya koyo game da ilimin ruwa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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