ʻO Gambario

mauna pili mauna

E like me nā aquarium no nā iʻa a me nā aquarium nō hoʻi no ka prawns. I kēia hihia ua kāhea ʻia ʻōpae. ʻO ka maʻamau ka mea ma gambario ʻaʻole lākou e kū i kekahi manawa no nā kumu like ʻole. ʻO ke kumu kaulana loa ka nui o nā iʻa e ʻai i ka ʻōpala i hiki ʻole iā mākou ke mālama pono iā lākou. Nui a hewahewa nā ʻano ʻōpala a he mau ʻano kūʻokoʻa ko kēlā me kēia.

No laila, e hoʻolaʻa mākou i kēia ʻatikala e haʻi iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau āu e ʻike ai e pili ana i ka ʻōpae a me kāna mau ʻano.

ʻO ka ʻōpae maikaʻi loa

He aha ka ʻōpae

ʻO ka prawn kahi aquarium kūikawā i hoʻohana ʻia e ulu a mālama i nā prawns. ʻO ka hapanui o nā ʻeke i lawe ʻia i loko o ka aquarium ka hopena o ka hybridization o kekahi mau ʻano, a nā nā waihoʻoluʻu ʻōlinuʻi e hoʻonani iā ​​lākou. I ke kūlohelohe, hiki i ke kala o nā prawns ke kōkua iā lākou e camouflage iā lākou iho, akā ʻaʻole i nā aquarium. Kuhi kēia hanana i nā iʻa e hoʻopilikia mau iā lākou, hūnā mau ʻia lākou a koʻikoʻi nui ʻia, a ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou ke hauʻoli i ko lākou ola.

Eia kekahi, inā hiki iā mākou ke hoʻohua i nā kūlana ʻoi loa, e ʻai ʻia ka iʻa ʻōpio e nā iʻa.

He aha nā iʻa kūpono no kahi ʻōpae

mea kanu wai

Eia nō naʻe, aia kekahi mau ʻano iʻa i kūpono no kahi ʻōpae. He mea ʻole ke ʻano o ke kōkō āu e koho ai, he mea nui ke koho ʻana i ka iʻa e waiho i loko o ka aquarium like, pono ʻoe e noʻonoʻo ʻaʻole pono i kēia mau mea nui a kūʻē paha. ʻO kahi laʻana, hiki iā ʻoe ke koho i kahi laʻana o ka Galaxia microrasbora?

ʻOiai, ʻo ke kūlana kūpono ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i nā wahine no ka mea ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o nā kāne. Eia kekahi, pono ʻoe e ʻike inā hoʻokomo ʻoe i kēia iʻa i loko o kāu aquarium, ʻaʻole e 100% ka maikaʻi o kāu mau waʻa. Inā he herbivorous loa lākou, hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻolauna iʻa. ʻO kēia ka hihia o otocinclus, ancistrus a me pletoscomus. Ke ʻano ʻO Gyrinocheilus aymoniere He mea ʻai pū kekahi ia, akā hiki iā lākou ke ulu ma kahi o 15 cm, no laila e paipai wale ʻia no nā aquarium nui. ʻO ka mea hope loa, makemake mākou e ʻōlelo i ke kūpono o ka iʻa iʻa no ka mea ʻoiai lākou he omnivores, ʻaʻole lākou e kaʻana i kahi me nā prawns e waiho ana ma ka waena a me ka ʻaoʻao haʻahaʻa o ka aquarium. No laila, hiki iā lākou ke lilo i manaʻo maikaʻi no kahi ʻōpae.

He aha ka mahana e pono ai nā ʻio?

iʻa i loko o ka aquarium

ʻOiai maikaʻi ka hapa nui o nā prawns i ka mahana o ka lumi, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ke kau ʻana i kahi mehana i mālama i kahi mahana paʻa o 24 a 26 kekelē. ʻO kēia no ka mea ʻike ka hapanui o nā lumi i nā loli o ka mahana i ke ao (ʻokoʻa ma waena o ke ao a me ka pō, ka wehe ʻana o ka puka, a pēlā aku.). Hoʻopili pū kēia mau oscillation i ka mahana o ka aquarium, a inā he nui loa ka ʻokoʻa, hiki i ka pilikia. Ma hope o nā mea āpau, ʻaʻole pane maikaʻi ka ʻōpae i nā hoʻololi koke o ke kaiapuni.

Hiki iā ʻoe ke loaʻa kahi ʻōpala ponoʻī?

Hiki i kahi ʻōpae ke lilo i mea ponoʻī a loaʻa nā pono pono āpau. E hana ai i kēia, pono e loaʻa nā kānana substrate, hoʻomehana, meaʻai mau, kahi thermometer e wela a hoʻomaʻa i ka mahana, etc. ʻO nā mea pono ʻē aʻe nā hoʻokolohua no ka ʻōpae e kōkua iā mākou e ʻike inā nā loli āpau i ke ʻano, kahi mika TDS a me nā mea hoʻonaninani e hoʻomaʻamaʻa iā ia i kā mākou makemake.

Alakaʻi i ka holo ʻana i ka ʻōpae

ʻōpae

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, pono mākou i nā lako pono āpau i hiki i ka ʻōpelu ke hana i nā kūlana maikaʻi. No laila, e hōʻuluʻulu mākou i nā ʻaoʻao āpau e noʻonoʻo ai:

Nui

ʻO ka maʻamau, ke kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i nā aquarium, ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ʻo ia ka "ʻoi aku ka nui o ka ʻoi aku o ka maikaʻi", ʻoi aku ka pili o ka mahi ʻana o ka ʻōpala ma mua o nā ʻano ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi. ʻOiai hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻomaka e hoʻoulu nei i ka prawns i loko o kahi aquarium he 15 a 20 paha, paipai ʻia ʻoe e hoʻomaka me kahi pahu iʻa nui aku. Ke hoʻomaka nei me nā puke 40, he manawa lawa kāu e mālama ai i nā prawns, a ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā hewa a nā mea hoʻomaka e hana ai.

Kahi

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, ʻaʻole kūʻē maikaʻi nā prawns i nā hoʻololi o ke kaiapuni, no laila he mea pono e hōʻoia i kahi kahi ʻaʻole hoʻololi iki nā fluctuations o ka mahana ea a me nā hanana o ka lā. ʻO kahi lumi me ka nui ʻole o ke kikoʻī a me ke kukui kūpaʻa ka mea i ʻoi aku ka nui e kau ai i ka ʻōpae.

Palapala ʻāina

ʻO ka substrate kahi mea hou aʻe e pono ai e noʻonoʻo e mālama i nā prawns i ke olakino kūpono a hāʻawi iā lākou i ke kala maikaʻi loa. Hiki iā ʻoe ke koho i kekahi waihoʻoluʻu substrate, akā ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mahiʻai ʻōpelu e ʻae i ka ʻeleʻele ke kala maikaʻi loa. Hana i nā prawns a me nā mea kanu ke kū i waho o nā kala ʻē aʻe. Aia nā ʻano ʻokoʻa o kā lākou mauʻaelike.

  • ʻIliʻiliʻili a one paha- Inā ʻoe he mea hoʻomaka a hoʻolālā e hoʻohana i nā mea kanu liʻiliʻi e koi ana, e koho maikaʻi ke kālai pouli iā ʻoe E mālama maʻalahi i nā prawns mai ka pahu.
  • Pākuʻi lepo: Aia kahi pālolo pālolo, a me ka palolo palolo i hoʻohana ʻia e nā prawns he hiki ke 'ʻūlū'. ʻO kēia ka mea hiki iā lākou ke kōkua iā ʻoe e mālama i kahi pH haʻahaʻa a me ka wai palupalu, kahi a nā ʻano prawns e aloha ai, ʻoi aku hoʻi nā picky e like me Caledins. Hoʻoulu pū lākou i ka ulu o nā mea kanu no ka mea waiwai lākou i nā meaola.

He aha ka kānana e hoʻohana ai i kahi ʻōpae

Pono kēlā me kēia aquarium i kahi kānana, inā makemake ʻoe e mālama i kāu prawns a loaʻa nā hopena maikaʻi, pono nui kahi kānana maikaʻi. ʻAʻole wehe ka kānana i nā ʻōpala e lana wale ana, he home nō ia i nā koʻohune waiwai nui, e ʻae ana i kāu aquarium e ulu aʻe i kahi kaiaolaola olakino. Nui a hewahewa nā ʻano kānana ʻōpae, ʻo kēlā me kēia me kona pono a me nā maikaʻi ʻole. ʻO ke ʻano o ka kānana āu e koho ai ma muli o nā lita o kāu aquarium. ʻO ka mea nui loa, palekana ka kānana no ka ʻōpae aquarium.

  • Kānana huahuakai: kahi punahele o ka ʻoi aku o nā mahiʻai ulia ʻoihana. He palupalu loa ka kānana ʻōpala a 100% palekana no ka prawns. Holo lākou i ka lewa a holo i nā paipu ea. Inā ʻoi aku ka nui o kāu aquarium ma mua o 30 liters, pono paha ʻoe e koho i kahi mea nui aʻe.
  • Kānana kūloko: ke koho kānana kaulana loa no ka poʻe hoʻomaka.
  • Kānana backpack- Inā ʻaʻole ʻoe makemake e kau i kahi kānana ʻino i loko o ka aquarium, kūpono kēia mau mea - E like me ka manaʻo o ka inoa, hiki iā ʻoe ke kau ma ke kua. Hoʻomaʻu ia i ka wai ma o ka paipu komo, hele i loko o ke keʻena kānana, a laila hoʻihoʻi i ka wai i ka pahu ma o ka ʻōnaehana cascade. Inā makemake ʻoe e hoʻohana i kekahi o ia mau mea, pono ʻoe i kahi pale pale, inā ʻaʻole ʻoe e holo hewa i nā prawns.
  • Nā kānana kūwaho- Inā makemake ʻoe i ka maikaʻi o ka wai maikaʻi, ʻo kēia ke koho maikaʻi loa no ka mea nui lākou a nui ka lumi e kānana i nā mea. ʻOiai aia nā kānana kūwaho no nano aquariums. Paipai ʻia kēia ʻano kānana no nā aquarium ʻoi aku ma mua o 60 liters.

Iluminación

Pono ka kukui. ʻO ka hapanui o nā ʻōpala he kukui LED me nā kala ʻokoʻa. Aia kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona e ʻae iā ʻoe e hoʻololi i nā kala a me ka ikaika. Waiho ʻia kēia i ka ʻono o ka mea kūʻai.

He aha nā mea kanu e hiki ai iaʻu ke waiho i ka ʻōpae?

nā mea hana no ka ʻōpae

ʻOiai makemake kekahi mau mahiʻai ʻōpelu e mālama ʻōlohelohe i hiki ʻole iā lākou ke ʻike maʻalahi, pono ʻoe i kekahi mea hoʻonani i ka hoʻonohonoho. E makemake nō hoʻi kāu mau ʻono i kēia, ʻoiai he holoholona kēlā makemake lākou i nā wahi he nui e peʻe. Heʻoiaʻiʻo loa kēia i ka wā i hoʻokahe koke ai lākou i ko lākou ʻili, no ka mea he mea maʻalahi ia a makemake lākou e hūnā a paʻakikī ka exoskeleton hou.

ʻO kekahi ala e hoʻohui i ka hoʻonaninani a me ka hana e hoʻohana i nā mea kanu kūlohelohe a me ka limu. Ulu ka biofilm ma nā lau, ʻo ia ka mea kanu i mea kanu nui no ka ʻōpae. Hoʻohui ʻia, kōkua nā mea kanu i ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka maikaʻi o ka wai ma ke ʻimi ʻana i nā ʻōpala weliweli a hoʻohuli i kāu aquarium i wahi kūpanaha kupaianaha

E helu ana mākou i kekahi o nā ʻano nui e kanu i paipai ʻia no ka ʻōpae:

  • Lumo Java (ʻO Vesicularia dubyana)
  • Moss Kalikimaka (Vesicularia montagnei)
  • Moss Taiwan (ʻO Taxiphyllum alternans)
  • ʻO Phoenix Moss (Fissidens fontanus)
  • ʻO Floss Moss (Taxiphyllum sp.)
  • Lettuce wai (Hoʻonāukiuki ʻo Salvinia)
  • ʻO Duckweed (Spirodella intermedia)
  • ʻO Java fern (ʻO microsorum pteropus)
  • ʻO Foxtail a me ka Millefeuille Wai
  • Najas (Najas guadalupensis)
  • Riccia (IAʻO Riccia fluitans)
  • Pellia (Monosolenium tenerum)

Kahi e kūʻai ai i kahi ʻōpae ʻōpae

Nui nā pūnaewele ma ka pūnaewele a me nā hale kūʻai kino kahi e hiki ai iā ʻoe ke kūʻai i kāu ʻōpae. Eia naʻe, ʻo kēia mau wahi ka mea i koi nui ʻia:

  • Amazon: Ma Amazon ʻaʻole ʻoe e ʻike i ka ʻōpae kūpono wale nō no kāu kaila, akā i nā mea pono āpau e pono ai ke hana pololei. Eia hou, he maʻalahi ka lawe ʻana i nā mea āpau i ka home a he huahana kūpono lākou. Hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i nā manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai ʻē aʻe e ʻike i ke kumu hoʻohālike i kūpono loa iā ʻoe.
  • ʻO Anthouse: ʻOiai he hale kūʻai kūikawā ia i nā nahesa, hāʻawi lākou i kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona o ka ʻōpae a me kekahi mau ʻano ʻōpala i hiki ke ulu pono i kēia mau kaiaolaola.
  • Kiwoko: ʻO ia ka hale kūʻai quintessential no nā holoholona hoa hele a me nā holoholona hānai. Loaʻa iā ia kahi hale kūʻai kino a me ka pūnaewele a koi lākou i ka mea kūpono i kāu kūlana. Hoʻololi nā kumukūʻai ma muli o ke kumu hoʻohālikelike a maikaʻi loa ka palapala hoʻokō.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ka gambario, kona ʻano a me nā mea āu e pono ai.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.