Iʻa Oscar

Pono kahi iʻa Oscar i kahi aquarium nui

Iʻa Oscar (Astronotus ocellatus) mai ʻAmelika Hema. He iʻa lākou e hoʻomohala i nā kula o ka muliwai ma waho o ka Amazon. A hiki i kēia lā, hopu ʻia kēia mau iʻa i loko o nā loko, nā kahawai, nā auwai a me nā loko iʻa o Florida, ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a me nā mokuʻāina ʻē aʻe. He iʻa lawaiʻa kēia iʻa i kēia mau panalāʻau a hoʻopaʻi ke kānāwai i ka poʻe e hoʻolauna iā lākou i nā kaiaola.

Makemake ʻoe e ʻike i ka mālama, nā ʻano a me nā curiosities o ka iʻa Oscar?

Nā ʻano o ka iʻa Oscar

iʻa oscar gula

Ua manaʻo ʻia he iʻa kolohe ʻo Oscar iʻa, ʻo ia hoʻi, he teritori lākou, ʻoiai pale lākou i ko lākou wahi, akā me ka hoʻoweliweli ʻole i nā iʻa ʻē aʻe. ʻAe kēia, ʻoiai lākou he teritori, hiki iā ʻoe ke loaʻa nā iʻa ʻē aʻe i loko o ka aquarium me lākou.

Hiki i kēia iʻa ke ulu ma kahi o 16 ʻīniha i ka nui ma ka nāhelehele. Eia nō naʻe, i loko o nā aquarium e hiki wale aku nō ia ana 10 a 14 iniha. Inā mālama maikaʻi ʻia ia a ma nā kūlana maikaʻi loa, hiki ke loaʻa i kahi manawa ke ola a 15 mau makahiki.

No ke kala, he nui nā kala like ʻole o ka iʻa Oscar e like me ka ʻulaʻula, ka lemon, ka albino, ke Tiga, ke Tiga ʻulaʻula, a me ka tiger albino.

Koina koi

aquarium no ka iʻa oscar

Pono ka nui o ka aquarium e paʻa ma ka liʻiliʻi 200 liters o ka wai. Inā makemake mākou i nā kūlana maikaʻi, e lilo ia ma kahi o 270 liters hiki. Pono kēia, ʻoiai nui ka iʻa a loaʻa ke kūʻokoʻa ke ʻauʻau. Hoʻohui ʻia, he mea nui ka uhi wai o ka aquarium e pani maikaʻi ʻia e pale ai i ka lele ʻana o ka iʻa i waho. Makemake kēia mau holoholona e hele i ka papa o ka wai a lele i waho e kiʻi i ka meaʻai.

ʻO kahi hana e hana nui ai kēia iʻa ka ʻeli ʻana. Ke kāhiko ʻana i ka aquarium, pono e noʻonoʻo ʻia e koi lākou i ka ʻiliʻili a i ʻole ke one ma ke ʻano he substrate i hiki i ka iʻa ke ʻeli. Inā makemake ʻoe e kūʻai i nā mea kanu ola a i ʻole palaki no ka hoʻonaninani, hoʻopoina iā ia. I nā oscars aloha lākou e haki a nahu i nā mea kanu ola a me ka plastic, no laila ʻaʻole lākou e lōʻihi.

E hoʻokipa ai iā lākou, ua lawa ka hāʻawi ʻana iā lākou i kahi ʻāpana wahie a i ʻole he ana e hiki ai iā lākou ke peʻe. ʻOiai he holoholona teritori, e koho lākou i kahi ʻaoʻao o ka aquarium a lākou e ʻike ai ma ke ʻano palekana a e noho lākou ma laila.

Pono ka wai i loko o ka pahu i kahi mahana ma waena o 24 a 27 degere, palupalu a me kahi pH ma kahi o 6,8 a me 8.

Hoʻopili

iʻa oscar e waiho ana i mau hua

Aia kēia iʻa i kēia manawa dimorphism moekolohe. ʻO ia hoʻi, ʻaʻohe ʻano ʻokoʻa ma waena o ke kāne a me ka wahine. Ke hiki mai kēia, ʻo ka mea wale nō e hiki iā ʻoe ke hana e haʻi i ka ʻokoʻa ʻo ke kali no ka manawa e hua mai ai. Hāʻule ka wahine i kāna paipu e hoʻomoe i nā hua manu a ʻo ke kāne ke kuleana no ka hoʻomomona ʻana i nā hua me kāna mea moekolohe ʻoi loa.

Ke nānā like nei kēia iʻa ma waena o nā kāne a me nā wahine, paʻakikī e kiʻi i kahi kāne a me nā wahine i ka manawa mua. Inā he ʻōpio kā lākou, pono ʻoe e ʻimi i kahi e noho ai no nā Oscars e hele nei mai ka manawa, malia paha, ʻaʻole lākou e kūpono i ka aquarium like. Inā kū kēia hanana a ʻaʻohe ou kumuwaiwai e mālama ai iā lākou, kūʻai aku iā lākou i nā hale kūʻai kūikawā a hāʻawi paha iā lākou, akā mai hoʻokuʻu iā lākou i kahi kūlohelohe. ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o kēia no lāua a me ke kaiaola.

Hiki paha i ka manawa e hoʻoulu ai i ka hakakā ʻo Oscars a hoʻōki i ka hui pū ʻana. No kēia mea nui ka nānā ʻana iā lākou. Ke mākaukau lākou e hānai, hoʻomoe lākou i nā hua ma luna o kahi pōhaku pālahalaha a hoʻomaʻemaʻe paha i ke kumulāʻau. Hiki iā lākou ke kau a hiki i ka 1.000 mau huaʻai no kēlā me kēia hua.

Lawe mau nā manu puaʻa ma kahi o 3 mau lā e pā e hoʻopili lākou i ka ʻeke yolk iā lākou no hoʻokahi pule. I mea e kōkua ai i nā minnow hou e ulu pono, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi e hānai iā lākou me ka ʻōpae brine, nā unahi i wāwahi ʻia a i ʻole ka pēpē pēpē.

ʻO ka hānai minnows i kahi aquarium kaʻawale ka mea i ʻoi aku ka holomua no ka mea ʻo kekahi mau mākua e pau ka ʻai ʻana i kā lākou keiki Ke hele ʻoe e hoʻololi i nā ʻīlio aquarium, pono ʻoe e akahele i nā mākua, no ka mea e hoʻāʻo lākou e nahu iā ʻoe e pale aku i kā lākou keiki.

ʻAi

iʻa oscar

ʻO ka papaʻai nui o kēia iʻa he carnivorous, ʻoiai ʻoe ke kaulike i ka papaʻai e hiki ai. Hiki iā ʻoe ke hānai iā ia i ka meaʻai pellet a hoʻohui iā ia me kahi lāʻau e like me nā mea kolo, nā ilo, nā meaʻai i hoʻomākaukau ʻia i hoʻomākaukau ʻia, nā pellets, a me nā lyophilized. Inā hānai ʻoe i nā mea kolo, he mea nui ʻaʻole lākou i hūnā ʻia i nā pesticides a i ʻole e hōʻino ʻia lākou.

He "mania" lepo loa kā ka Oscars no ka ʻai ʻana. A ke nau lākou i ka meaʻai, kuha lākou a laila ʻai hou a kuha aku. No laila, a hiki i ka manawa e ʻai ai lākou. Ma muli o ka maikaʻi loa o kēia kaʻina hana, pono ia e loaʻa kahi kānana wai maikaʻi i ka aquarium.

Ka lawelawe

iʻa oscar i loko o ka aquarium

ʻOiai he iʻa teritori a kūpikipiki lākou, hiki iā lākou ke loaʻa nā pahu waʻa ʻē aʻe. Ma mua o ka hoʻolauna ʻana i kekahi iʻa i ka manawa, pono ʻoe e hoʻomaopopo i kēlā iʻa Inā komo ka Oscar i loko o kona waha, hiki iā ia ke ʻai ʻia.

ʻO ka mea maʻalahi nā cichlid ʻē aʻe e like me lākou, a inā like lākou me ka nui, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi. ʻO nā iʻa kūpono nā mea i passive a paakiki ʻole hoʻi.

Iʻa Dālā kālā hana lākou e like me ka nalu ʻana i ka iʻa, ʻo ia hoʻi, e ʻauʻau nui lākou, i kahi ala e ʻike ai nā Oscars iā lākou a palekana.

Nā maʻi a me nā kumukūʻai

iʻa oscar maʻi

Hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia ka iʻa Oscar e ka maʻi o Hexamite. He maʻi ia e puka ai nā puka ma ke poʻo. Hiki ke ʻike ʻia e ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o nā filament keʻokeʻo i loaʻa mai i ka nekrosis cell o nā mākala o ke poʻo.

Hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Hexamithiasis e kahi protzoan flagellated i kapa ʻia ʻo Hexamita. Hāpai maʻamau nā iʻa i ka protozoa parasite i ko lākou ʻōpū i nā mea liʻiliʻi i lawe ʻia me ka meaʻai. ʻO nā kūlana o ke koʻikoʻi e like me ka lawa ʻole o ka heluna kanaka, ke ʻano maikaʻi ʻole o ka wai, ka hoʻololi koke ʻana o ka mahana, ka papaʻai kaulike ʻole a me ka papa inoa lōʻihi o nā kumu, hiki ke hoʻomaka i ka hoʻonui ʻana o nā mea hoʻolimalima.

Hiki ke hoʻololi i nā kumukūʻai iʻa Oscar ka 10 euro a me ka 300, kaukaʻi ʻia i ka nui a me ka makahiki.

Me kēia ʻike e hiki nō iā ʻoe ke loaʻa i kāu iʻa olakino olakino i loko o kāu aquarium a ʻoluʻolu i kāna mau hana.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.