Amphibians

poʻe amphibians

Amphibians he holoholona vertebrate lākou Hoʻohālikelike ʻia lākou e ko lākouʻili ʻōlohelohe, me ka unahi ʻole.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e wehewehe mākou i nā mea huna a pau o kēia mau holoholona, ​​e hoʻomaka ana me ka hana hou i nā amphibians, nā ʻano amphibians e noho nei, kekahi mau laʻana a me nā ʻike ʻē aʻe e pono nui iā ʻoe.

ʻO ka hana hou ʻana i nā amphibians

poʻe amphibians

ʻO ka oviparous, hana hou i nā amphibians na ka huamoa. Hoʻopiʻi nā kolo a me nā mea mammal i nā meaola o loko (i loko o ka wahine) ʻoiai e hoʻomaʻamaʻa ana nā amphibians hoʻouluulu kūwaho.

La kū ka hoʻoulu amphibian i ka wai hou, no ka mea ʻo kēia ʻano wai ka mea e pale aku i nā hua i ka wā o ko lākou ulu ʻana a ʻae i nā amphibians e pono ʻole i nā hoʻopili embryonic, e like me ka sac amniotic a i ʻole allantois, no laila kekahi o nā ʻano i ʻokoʻa i nā amphibian vertebrate terrestrial.

Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ka mea hoʻomomona i ka mea o waho i kahi ʻano ʻano: paʻa ka kāne i ka wahine, e hua ana i nā hua. Ke puka kēia mau mea, hele ke kāne ka ninini ʻana i kā lākou sperm ma luna o lākou a hoʻomomona ʻana. Noho nā hua i loko o ka wai e hana ana i nā kaula a hoʻopili ʻia i nā mea kanu wai. Kū hou mai nā larvae wai mai iā lākou.

Paka ʻauʻau

ʻO nā iʻa a me nā amphibians, kahi e predominates ai ka fertilization o waho. he uhi lahilahi ko nā hua, ʻoiai ka spermatozoa pono e hele i luna i mea e hoʻoulu ai ka momona. No kēia kumu, pono e hoʻokomo i kēia mau hua i loko o ka wai i hoʻopili ʻia i kekahi i kekahi, e hana ana i nā hui volumous.

Hānau ʻia nā Amphibians ma ke ʻano he larva wai e holoholo me kahi huelo a hanu i loko o nā aniani. Ke ulu a lawa ka larva, kapa ʻia ʻo ka tadpole, loaʻa i ke kaʻina o metamorphosis huina. Me ka ʻokoʻa o kekahi mau ʻano o nā rana o ka wao nahele, e nalowale loa kēia mau hiʻohiʻona a e hoʻololi ʻia e nā akemāmā a me nā wāwae i ka ulu ʻana o nā ʻūhā.

Hana ʻia kēia papa o nā amphibians vertebrate o nā rana, toads, salamanders a me nā caecilians wai. Hiki i kēia mau amphibians ke noho i loko a ma waho o ka wai, ʻoiai lākou e mākū mau ʻoiai ʻo ia ka mea e hanu ai.

Nā holoholona Amphibian, he aha lākou?

Paki lāʻau

I ka ʻōlelo Latina he ʻano kūikawā ka huaʻōlelo amphibian, pili maoli ia i "ʻelua mau ola". A he ʻano ʻano ʻokoʻa kēia o kēia mau holoholona, ​​hiki ke hoʻololi a hoʻokō i kā lākou hana olaola i ʻelua kaiaolaola ʻokoʻa: ʻili ʻāina a me nā wahi wai. Eia nō naʻe, e ʻimi iki ana mākou i ke ʻano o ka amphibian.

He ʻāpana nā Amphibians o kēlā ʻohana nui o nā mea ola i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia vertebrates (he iwi ko lākou, ʻo ia hoʻi, he iwi iwi ma loko) anamniotes (Kūkulu kou embryo i ʻehā envelopes ʻokoʻa: ka chorion, nā allantois, ka amnion, a me ka ʻeke yolk, e hana ana i kahi wai e hiki ai iā ia ke hanu a hānai), tetrapods (ʻehā o lākou mau lālā, ambatory a manipulative paha) a ectothermic (He lauwili ko lākou kino).

He wā kā lākou i kapa ʻia metamorphosis (Ka hoʻololi ʻana o kekahi mau holoholona i ka wā o ke kahua hoʻomohalaolaola a pili i kā lākou morphology a me kā lākou hana a me ka nohona). Ma waena o nā loli kaulana loa i ʻike ʻia, ʻo ia ke ala mai nā gills (hou) a i nā māmā (nā mākua).

Nā ʻano amphibians

ʻO Newt, kekahi o nā ʻano amphibian maʻamau

Triton

Ma loko o kēia ʻohana nui a nā amphibians e hana ai, hiki iā mākou ke hana i kahi hoʻonohonoho liʻiliʻi e pili ana i ʻekolu mau kauoha: anurans, mea hoʻolele leo o urodelos y apodal o hale haʻuki kino.

ka anurans He ʻano amphibians lākou i hui pū ʻia me kēlā mau amphibians āpau a mākou e ʻike nui ai ʻo nā rana a me nā toads. E akahele, ʻaʻole like ka puaʻa a me ka toad. Hoʻohui ʻia lākou e kā lākou morphological like a me ka lawena.

ka urodelos ʻOkoʻa lākou nā ʻano amphibians e ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi huelo lōʻihi a me kahi kumu elongated. ʻAʻole hoʻomohala nui ʻia ko lākou mau maka a uhi ʻia e ka ʻili maikaʻi. Maʻaneʻi ʻike mākou i nā mea hou, nā salamanders, nā proteos a me nā mermaids.

ʻO ka hope, aia nā ʻano o poʻe amphibians apodal, ʻo ia nā mea ʻokoʻa loa o nā mea āpau ma muli o ko lākou helehelena. Pili like lākou i kahi ilo a i ʻole worworm no ka mea ʻaʻohe o lākou mau lālā a ua hoʻolōʻihi ʻia ko lākou kino.

Nā ʻano Amphibian

Pākuʻi kauō

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, he mau holoholona vertebrate nā amphibians, a loaʻa iā lākou ka "kuleana" o ka ʻoi aku ka mua o kēia holoholona papa e noho ana ma ka Honua Honua. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia aia lākou ma kahi o 300 miliona mau makahiki, aneane ʻaʻohe mea!

ʻEhā ko lākou mau lālā: ʻelua ma mua a ʻelua hoʻi hope. ʻIke ʻia kēia mau lālā e ka inoa e kuʻi nei o quirido. Kuhi ʻia ka quiridus e ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi morphology e like me ka lima o ke kanaka, me nā manamana ʻehā ma nā wāwae o mua, a ʻelima hoʻi ma hope. He ʻelima mau lālā ʻohana amphibian ʻē aʻe i loaʻa i ka lālā o ka huelo e like me ka huelo.

Ke ola nei nā koko anuanu, pili ka mahana o ko lākou kino, a nui, i ke kaiapuni kahi e noho ai lākou, ʻoiai ʻaʻole hiki iā lākou ke kaohi i ko lākou wela o loko. ʻO kēia kekahi o nā kumu o ka force majeure i alakaʻi iā lākou e hoʻomaʻa i ke ola i ka wai a me ka ʻāina. Kōkua kēia mau ʻōnaehana ʻelua iā ʻoe e hōʻalo i ka hoʻomehana wela a i ʻole anuanu i kou kino.

Keikikāne oviparousi ka hatch mai nā hua manu. ʻO ia ka wahine e mālama nei i ka waiho ʻana i kēia mau hua a hana mau ʻo ia pēlā i kahi wai wai, no laila he ʻōnaehana hanu ko nā mea ʻōpio.

ʻO ka ʻili o kēia mau meaola ka moana, hiki ke hele i nā mole like ʻole, nā kinoea a me nā huna ʻea ʻē aʻe. Hiki i kekahi ʻano laha ke hūnā i nā mea ʻona ma o ko lākou ʻili ma ke ʻano he pale pale e kūʻē i nā pilikia kūwaho.

ʻOiai ke kia ʻana i kou ʻili, pono e hoʻomaopopo ʻia kēia pulu a hoʻēmi ʻia me nā unahi, ʻokoʻa i nā ʻano holoholona ʻē aʻe i hali iā lākou. ʻAe kēia hanana iā lākou e omo pono i ka wai a, no laila, oxygen. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē, hana maʻalahi ia iā lākou i ke kaʻina hana o huehue. Inā kahi amphibian i kahi haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa, e maloʻo koke kona ʻili, a hiki i nā pilikia koʻikoʻi a me ka make pū kekahi.

Loaʻa i kēia mau holoholona kahi ʻōnaehana holoholo nona ka ʻāpana nui a puʻuwai tricameral i haku ʻia o ʻelua atria a me hoʻokahi ventricle. Hoʻopaʻa ʻia kona holo, pālua a piha ʻole.

Nui nā maka o nā maka a, ʻoiai, ʻōhū, kahi e kōkua ai i ka kahua nui o ka ʻike kūpono loa ke ʻimi holoholona pono. Aia kekahi hoʻokoe e like me nā newts.

ʻOiai ʻaʻole paha e like me ia, amphibians he mau niho nō kā lākou, ʻoiai he kākaʻikahi kēia. ʻO kāna hana e kōkua i ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka meaʻai. Lilo pū ke alelo i mea pono e hopu i nā holoholona liʻiliʻi ʻē aʻe. Hāʻawi lākou i kahi ʻōpū ʻōpū tubular, me kahi ʻōpū nui pōkole, ʻelua mau puʻupaʻa, a me kahi pūmimi urinary.

Nā laʻana o nā amphibians

Salamander

Salamander

I kēia manawa, aia kekahi papa inoa a puni kekahi 3.500 mau ʻano amphibians. Eia nō naʻe, i ka ʻepekema, i kā lākou kuhi, wānana i ka helu o ka helu ma kahi o 6.400.

Ke noʻonoʻo mākou i nā amphibians, ʻike mau ʻia ke kiʻi o ka rana a i ʻole ka toad i loko o ko mākou mau poʻo, akā he holoholona hou kā mākou e like me nā newts a me nā salamanders.

He mau hiʻohiʻona wale nō kēia o nā amphibians, ʻoiai, ʻoiai, he nui hou aku:

Anderson salamander (Ambystoma andersoni)

ʻIke ʻia kēia ʻano salamander me axolotl a i ʻole purepecha achoque. He ʻano laha ia, ʻo ia hoʻi, aia wale nō i kahi wahi. I kēia hihia, noho wale ia ma ka Zacapu Lagoon, aia ma ka mokuʻāina ʻo Michoacán (Mexico).

Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ia i ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi kino mānoanoa, ka huelo pōkole a me nā gills. ʻO kona ʻalani a ʻulaʻula ʻulaʻula, i hoʻohui ʻia i kona mau ʻāpana ʻeleʻele e kīʻaha ana i ka ʻaoʻao o kona kino holoʻokoʻa, ʻaʻole ia e ʻike ʻia.

ʻO Marbled Newt (Triturus marmoratus)

Aia kēia holoholona ma ka panalāʻau o ʻEulopa, kikoʻī ma ka ʻākau o Sepania a ma ka hikina o Palani. He ʻōmaʻomaʻo ʻōmaʻomaʻo me ke kani ʻana o nā kani ʻōmaʻomaʻo. Hoʻohui ʻia, kāʻalo ʻia kona kua e kahi laina kaulike kūikawā o ka pigment ʻulaʻula.

Pākuʻi maʻamau (Bufo bufo)

He mea maʻamau loa ia e loaʻa iā ia ma aneane o ka ʻāina holoʻokoʻa o ʻEulopa a me kahi ʻāpana o ʻAsia. Makemake i nā wahi noho i kūkulu ʻia i loko o nā wai kū, nā wahi i hoʻoheheʻe ʻia, a pēlā aku. Maliʻa paha, no ke kūpaʻa loa ʻana i nā kūlana nohona i nā wai hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻole i hoʻolilo ʻia ia i hoʻokahi o nā amphibian kaulana a kaulana hoʻi. ʻAʻohe ona waihoʻoluʻu ʻōlinolino, akā, he ʻano "brownish" kona ʻili, uhi ʻia e kekahi mau puʻupuʻu i ke ʻano o nā warts.

Frog Vermilion (Rana temporaria)

E like me nā ʻohana i ʻōlelo ʻia ma luna, ua hoʻolilo kēia amphibian iā ʻEulopa a me ʻAsia i home nona. ʻOiai makemake ʻo ia i nā wahi pulu, lilo kēia rana i ka hapa nui o kona manawa mai ka wai. ʻAʻole pili ia i kahi lau kala paʻa, akā hiki i kēlā me kēia kanaka ke hōʻike i nā kala ʻokoʻa. ʻOiai kēia, ʻili brownish ʻili me nā wahi liʻiliʻi e predominate. ʻO ka ihu kihi kekahi o kāna mau hiʻona.

ʻAtikala pili:
Amphibians ʻona

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.