Iʻa Discus

manaʻo ʻia ka iʻa discus ke aliʻi o ka aquarium

I kēia lā e kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i kahi iʻa nona ka nani e noʻonoʻo ai ke aliʻi o ka aquarium. Pili ia i ka iʻa discus. He nani loa kēia mau iʻa, a he mea maʻalahi ka ulu ʻana a me ka hoʻomohala olakino ʻana.

Eia mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka mālama ʻana iā lākou, nā ʻano a me kekahi mau ʻike. Makemake ʻoe e ʻike hou e pili ana i kēia ʻano iʻa?

ʻO ke aliʻi o ka aquarium

E hele i ka iʻa Discus i nā hui i hiki i ke alakaʻi ke hoʻoikaika i ka pilikia

Ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o nā kānaka e hana i nā keʻa i waena o nā iʻa, he paʻakikī loa ka iʻa diskus e mālama. Nui a koʻikoʻi hoʻi kā lākou mau koi. Eia nō naʻe, a hiki i kēia lā, ʻo kēia he hana maʻalahi wale nō. Hana ʻia kēia ma ke kaʻa ʻana i nā ʻano iʻa he nui, ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa lākou i ke ola i ke pio ʻana, no laila ua "maʻa" lākou i ka noho ʻana i kēlā ala a ʻaʻole koi i ka mālama nui.

He ʻoiaʻiʻo e pono ka iʻa discus i ka nānā nui ma nā ʻōlelo o ka maikaʻi o ka meaʻai a me ka waiNo laila, hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ma ke ʻano he lahilahi. Inā ʻaʻole hānai maikaʻi ʻia a maikaʻi ʻole ka maikaʻi o ka wai, hiki iā lākou ke hoʻopaʻa koke i nā maʻi a me nā parasites.

Ma muli o kekahi o kēia mau koi, nui ka poʻe i loaʻa nā aquarium i hōʻole i kēia iʻa a pani lākou i nā puka i ko lākou home. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, aia kekahi poʻe e waiwai i ka ʻono o kēia mau iʻa a makemake e hana ikaika e mālama iā lākou, e hōʻike iā lākou i ke aloha a kū i ka pahuhopu o ka mālama ʻana iā lākou.

Discus iʻa iʻa a me ka morphology

kū ka iʻa discus i kona nani

No ka ʻohana cichlid kēia mau iʻa, ke ʻāpana nei i kahi ʻoka o nā perciformes. ʻO ka inoa ʻepekema o ka iʻa discus ʻO ka Symphysodon discus, nona ka manaʻo i ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano o kēia mau iʻa. Inā mālama pono ʻia lākou a me nā alakaʻi kūpono no kā lākou papaʻai maikaʻi a me ka nohona olakino e ukali ʻia, hiki i kēia iʻa ke ola a 12 mau makahiki.

Na kekahi poʻe aquarist i manaʻo ʻia kēia mau iʻa ʻo ka nani loa o nā lāhui iʻa wai wai piha.

E pili ana i ka morphology, hiki ke ʻike maʻalahi ʻia lākou, ʻoiai he iʻa puni, he iʻa kino pālahalaha. ʻO kona mau peʻa, dorsal a me anal, holo ma ke kino i ka ʻāpana huelo, kahi e mālama ai i kahi ʻano triangular e hoʻokō i nā neʻe wikiwiki. Ke makua lākou, hiki ke lōʻihi i ka lōʻihi a i 20 knm, no laila ke paipai ʻia e loaʻa iā ia i kahi aquarium i loaʻa kahi nui o ka wai o 40 liters.

ʻO ko lākou ʻano ʻili ʻili e hoʻokaʻawale iā lākou i kēia ʻano. Kūleʻa kā lākou kala mai ka uliuli a i ʻole ka melemele i ke keʻokeʻo a i ʻole ka ʻulaʻula hohonu. ʻEiwa ona mau kaula ʻeleʻele e kū i ke kino i luna a loaʻa kahi hana hoihoi: ʻo ia ka mea nāna e hoʻoholo pae a me ka pae koʻikoʻi ke ʻeha nei ka iʻa discus, kaukaʻi ʻia i ka ikaika o ke kala.

Hōʻikeʻike nui hoʻi lākou i ko lākou mau maka ʻulaʻula. Hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale i waena o ke kāne a me ka wahine paʻakikī, ʻoiai aia kahi dimorphism moekolohe. I ka wā hānau, eia nō naʻe, ua kuhikuhi ʻia ka papilla genital o nā kāne a ua poepoe ʻia nā wahine.

Hoʻolahalaha a me nā wahi noho

Aia kahi iʻa discus i ko lākou wahi i nā kahawai o ka Amazon

Noho kēia mau iʻa i nā wahi o ʻAmelika Hema e noho ana ʻo Brazil a me Peru. Noho mau lākou i nā kīʻaha o nā kahawai o ka Amazon a me nā loko i loaʻa ka wai me ka hana iki. Hoʻokumu ʻia ka wahi noho i kahi mahana mahana e like me ke ʻano o kēia wahi wela, a ma hope e hoʻopili i ka mahana e pono ai ka wai aquarium.

Ke loaʻa nā manawa o nā kahawai, huki ka muliwai i nā mea kanu a pau i loko o ka wai, e mālama ana i kahi nui o nā meaola i mālama ʻia a hoʻopau ʻia i ka manawa. Kuhi kēia hanana i nā loli i hoʻohana ʻia ka iʻa iʻa e like me, e laʻa, he pH waikawa (ma waena o 4 a me 6) a kokoke i ka paʻakikī o ka wai. No laila, ma hope e ʻike mākou i ka wai e mālama ʻia i kahi acidic pH.

ʻO ke ʻano o kēia mau ʻano wai acidic ʻoi loa ʻaʻohe bacteria a me nā parasites i loko o ka wai a hiki iā lākou ke hoʻouka i ka iʻa. No laila, he mea nui e mālama i ka mahana kūpono a me nā kūlana pH, ʻoiai hikiwawe kēia iʻa i ka maʻi. ʻO kēia ke kumu a mākou e koi aku nei iā ʻoe i kahi mika kūlana wai.

ʻAno lawehala

discus kāne paʻa

ʻO ke ʻano o kēia mau iʻa i loaʻa iā lākou kahi hierarchy i ko lākou lehulehu. Hoʻākāka lākou i kahi alakaʻi a pono mākou e hoʻolako iā ia ma waena o 8 a me 12 mau ukali e hele pū me ʻoe. ʻOiai ʻaʻole lākou he teritori, neʻe lākou i ka shoals, no laila e mālama ʻia kahi ākea i kā mākou aquarium.

I kekahi mau hihia, ke maʻi a i ʻole ke kiʻekiʻe o ke koʻikoʻi, hoʻopili ka iʻa discus i kahi waihoʻoluʻu ʻeleʻele i ko lākou ʻili, a e hōʻike ʻia paha iā ia e kaʻauʻau ʻana i nā pōʻai, me ke ʻano o ka hilinaʻi a i ʻole ka hoʻopuka ʻana o kā lākou mau kaha ʻeleʻele. E mālama kēia mau ʻōuli i ka makaʻala iā mākou i nā kūlana kaiapuni, kahi hiʻohiʻona e pono ai mākou e nānā i kēlā me kēia manawa.

I ke ʻano o ka hoʻokaulike, kūpono ka iʻa discus e noho pū ʻO Tetra, cichlids dwarf a me nā loricars.

Hanai iʻa Discus

ʻO ka meaʻai a me ka maikaʻi o ka wai ke kī i ka mālama kūpono

ʻO kekahi o nā kī nui i ka mālama ʻana i ka iʻa discus ke hānai nei. Pono lākou i kahi papaʻai o mea ʻai ola, e like me nā larvae mosika a i ʻole shrine shrine, me nā unahi a me kekahi mau mea kanu. Hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia kahi porridge homemade o ka ate moa a me ka puʻuwai, hua manu, maiʻa, kāloti, a pēlā aku.

Pono lākou e hānai ʻia i ʻelua mau manawa i ka lā a maʻa mau i nā ʻāpana liʻiliʻi ʻoiai e make paha kēia mau iʻa i ka hānai nui ʻana ma mua o ka pōloli. Pono e hōʻoia ʻia he kiʻekiʻe ka papaʻai i ka protein a me nā huaora no ka ulu pono a me ke kūlana olakino.

Hoʻopili

hānai ʻai i ka mucosa o nā mākua

Ke waiho hua iʻa mua ka discus, he nui ka hapa nui o lākou hiki ke ʻai ʻia e nā mākua. ʻAʻole pili kēia iā mākou, ʻoiai he ʻāpana ia o kā lākou nohona. I nā manawa aʻe, e hana lākou i kahi hoʻonohonoho hope loa. I kekahi mau lā wale nō ma hope o ka hoʻomoe ʻana i nā hua, hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i kaʻauʻau ʻana i loko o ka aquarium a me ka hānai ʻana i ka mucosa e hūnā i ka ʻili o nā mākua. I ka hala ʻana o ka manawa, hiki iā mākou ke hoʻomaka me ka hoʻolauna ʻana i ka ʻōpae brine a me nā meaʻai nui aʻe ke hala nā lā.

He mea nui ia, ma waena o nā mahina o ʻOkakopa a ʻApelila, he wahi maikaʻi ko ka iʻa discus no ka pae hoʻāo a me ka hānau ʻana. Hoʻokumu ʻia kēia aloha ma ka hele ʻauʻau ʻana o ka wahine a puni ka aquarium a, ma hope o kēlā, hōʻike kēlā me kēia i ko lākou kala i mua o kekahi, e hōʻike ana i ko lākou ʻano. Ke pau lākou i ke aloha, Ke ʻimi nei lākou i kahi kūpono no ka hoʻomoe ʻana. Aia kekahi poʻe makemake e waiho hoʻokahi i ka aquarium i kēia manawa i ʻole pilikia me nā iʻa ʻē aʻe.

Nā koina no ka mālama a me nā maʻi

discus iʻa hiki ke lahilahi loa

Inā loaʻa iā ʻoe kahi iʻa discus i loko o kāu aquarium, he mea nui e loaʻa ma kahi o 4 mau hiʻohiʻona i hiki i ka alakaʻi ke hoʻoikaika kino ma luna o ke koena. Ke kau ʻoe i ka iʻa i loko o ka aquarium e aloha ʻole lākou a kānalua hoʻi. Pono ʻoe e kali iki no ka pilikia o ka neʻe ʻana e holo i waho e hānai iā lākou.

Pono ʻoe i kahi pahu iʻa me 100 liters o ka hiki a me 40 liters hou aʻe no kēlā me kēia kope e komo ai. Pono ka mahana o ka wai ma luna o 26 kekelē (no laila pono ʻoe i kahi hoʻomehana wai), a nānā inā lākou ma lalo o kahi pH ma lalo o 7. E hoʻololi i ka wai, hoʻololi hou i 20% o ia i kēlā me kēia pule. E kau i ka ʻiliʻili i lalo o ka pahu, i huikau ʻole ka iʻa e ke aniani o ke aniani.

Inā ʻaʻole hoʻokō ʻia kēia mau koi, pilikia paha ka iʻa i kekahi mau maʻi e like me:

  • Nā pilikia maka
  • Ke holo nei me ka kaohi ʻole ma o ka aquarium.
  • Malformations i nā lau a me nā pāpale (ma muli o ka nele o nā minelala).
  • Pau ka pala.
  • Helminths.
  • Hexamite.
  • Nā parasite lālā.
  • Exophthalmia.

Nā ʻano Discus a me nā kumukūʻai

ʻO Disco Fish Heckel, Symphysodon Discus

ʻO Disco Fish Heckel, Symphysodon Discus

No Río Negro (Brazil) kēia iʻa. Ua kahi pae ʻeleʻele mānoanoa ʻelima a ʻelua mau ʻano, hoʻokahi ʻulaʻula a hoʻokahi polū. Manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia kekahi o nā iʻa paʻakikī e mālama, no ka mea koi ia i nā wai palupalu a me ka pH haʻahaʻa.

ʻO Brown Fish Discus, Symphysodon Aequifasciatus Axelrodi

ʻO Brown Fish Discus, Symphysodon Aequifasciatus Axelrodi

Hānai ʻia kēia ʻano e kēlā poʻe makemake i ka iʻa hihiu, ʻoiai paʻakikī loa lākou e mālama. He kumu ʻeleʻele kona, mai ka brownish brown i ka pala popo. He mau kaha kala kona ma nā peʻa a he pinepine i ke poʻo.

ʻO ka iʻa Green Discus, Symphysodon Aequifasciatus Aequifasciatus

ʻO ka iʻa Green Discus, Symphysodon Aequifasciatus Aequifasciatus

He gamut kala ko kēia iʻa mai ka ʻōmaʻomaʻo ʻōmaʻomaʻo a i ka ʻōmaʻomaʻo ʻōmaʻomaʻo i ka palaoa māmā.

ʻO Blue Fish Discus, Symphysodon Aequifasciatus Haraldi

ʻO Blue Fish Discus, Symphysodon Aequifasciatus Hara

Loaʻa iā lākou he mau ʻano polū ʻokoʻa a he mau kahakaha uliuli a me nā kahakaha ma ko lākou kino, poʻo, a me nā peʻa.

Hoʻokumu ʻia ke kumukūʻai o ka iʻa discus ma ka lōʻihi. ʻO ka iʻa o 5cm ke kumu kūʻai ma kahi o 25 euro, nā 8-9cm 60 euro a me nā mea kahiko ma kahi o 90 euro.

Me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke loaʻa i kāu iʻa discus i loko o kāu aquarium a hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻōlelo he hiki iā ʻoe ke mālama i nā mōʻī o ka aquarium.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

3 manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   Slim Coli keʻokeʻo ia

    Manaʻo wau he huhū loa ka ʻōlelo ʻana no kahi diski pono ʻoe e loaʻa kahi aquarium 40-lita. Pono kēlā me kēia disiki ma kahi o 125 liters, ma muli o ka hoʻokūkū o ka mucus cutaneus i loaʻa iā lākou no ka wā e hānau ai.

  2.   ʻO Abu Malik Faisal Yassin ia

    Aia kekahi ʻano disk dwarf e ulu ʻole ana i ka nui ...

  3.   ʻO Jorge carballo ia

    Ua kūʻai mai nei au iā 4 akā ua liʻiliʻi lākou, mahalo i kaʻike e pili ana i kā lākouʻano hana hiki iaʻu ke wehewehe he mea maʻamau a hopohopo no ka mea nui ke kumukūʻai o kēia mau hoa liʻiliʻi ma Mekiko.