Gramma loreto

Gramma loreto

El Gramma loreto He iʻa ia mai ka pūʻulu o nā waihoʻoluʻu nui loa no ka mea he kuʻi a ʻālohilohi loa ia. ʻO kona iʻa maʻamau ka iʻa kupuna wahine a pili ia i ka hui o Grammas. Makemake ʻia kēia mau iʻa e nā mea pā o nā aquarium liʻiliʻi ʻoiai lākou e neʻe iki a koi i kahi liʻiliʻi. ʻO kēia ka mea kūpono iā lākou no ka poʻe hoʻomaka i ka honua aquarium.

Inā he novice ʻoe i ka mālama ʻana o ka iʻa, i kēia wahi hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo i nā mea āpau e pili ana i ka Gramma loreto.

Nā Generalities

Overview Gramma loreto

Kaulana nui kēia mau iʻa no kā lākou kūpaʻa nui a hoʻololi ʻana i ke kaiapuni. ʻAʻole lākou he iʻa kūpono e noho pū me nā iʻa ʻē aʻe no ka mea he kaiʻāina loa lākou. Inā makemake mākou e hoʻolauna iā lākou me nā iʻa ʻē aʻe, ʻo lākou ka hope loa e komo i ka pahu. ʻAʻole ia ʻo ko lākou ʻāina a ʻaʻohe o lākou ʻano kolohe.

I ke kūlohelohe hiki iā mākou ke hui ma ke kai Caribbean ma ka hohonu ma waena o 1 a 40 mau mika. Noho lākou i pili me nā ʻākoʻakoʻa i nā lua a me nā kahawai i nā pōhaku. I kēia mau wahi kahi lākou e māka ai i ko lākou mokuna i hiki ʻole i nā ʻano ʻē aʻe ke lele hewa iā ia. Hoʻohui, no ka mea he haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa kā lākou, noho mau lākou i ka hapa nui o ka lā ma kēia mau wahi. Hiki iā lākou ke huakaʻi i nā hui mānoanoa o kēlā me kēia kanaka a i 100 mau kānaka.

Ma waena o kāna curiosities ʻike mākou ʻo ia ka ʻano lunamakaʻāinana o kekahi o nā huapalapala i ke kiʻi ʻimi ʻo Nemo.

Nā ʻano o ka Gramma Loreto

Nā ʻano iʻa kupuna wahine

ʻOi aku ka liʻiliʻi o kona kino i ka paukū liʻiliʻi me kahi ʻōpū palahalaha. Atrophied kāu ʻauʻau ʻauʻauNo laila, weliweli kā lākou ʻauʻau. Ke lana mau nei lākou ma kahi kokoke i nā koʻa a peʻe i nā ʻāpana i nā pōhaku. No kēia kumu ʻaʻole lākou e pono i ka wikiwiki e pakele i nā mea ʻaihue.

Loaʻa iā lākou nā peʻapeʻa waena a hoʻomohala maikaʻi. Ua lahilahi a wavy i ke kinona. ʻO nā mākala i hoʻomohala iki ʻia ʻo nā ʻaoʻao o ka hope a me ka pectoral. Inā pono, e hoʻohana wikiwiki i kēia mau mākala, akā no kahi manawa pōkole loa o ka manawa. He nui ka hana no lākou e hiki ke ʻau i kahi kolamu o ka wai.

Liʻiliʻi paha kona waha, akā hiki ke wehe ʻia i hiki ke lawaiʻa i nā iʻa nui. He niho liʻiliʻi kona i mua. ʻO kāna livery he bichromatic, hōʻikeʻike, a me kahi hapa poni a me ka hapa melemele. ʻO ka ʻāpana mua loa he poni a melemele ka ʻāpana holoʻokoʻa o ke kino me nā kala i hui ʻia. ʻO nā wīwī ventral a me ka hapa mua o ka fin dorsal he poni, ʻoiai he melemele ka huelo a me kekahi hapalua. Kūlike ʻole i ka hilinaʻi nui, ʻaʻohe kala nā pectoral fins.

He ʻulaʻula kona e holo ana i loko o kēlā me kēia maka a holo i loko o ka iwi ā luna a me nā operculum. ʻAʻohe o lākou dimorphism moekolohe. ʻO ka awelika o ka nui ma kahi o 7 cm ka lōʻihi a ʻo kona lōʻihi o ke ola a 6 mau makahiki.

Nā Koina Gramma loreto i nā aquarium

Inā makemake mākou e mālama i kēia iʻa i ka pio, pono mākou e ʻike e hoʻokō ʻia kekahi mau koi. ʻAʻole pīhoihoi loa lākou e pili ana i ka nui o ka aquarium. Hāʻawi ʻia i ko lākou neʻe haʻahaʻa, ʻaʻole pono lākou i kahi aquarium nui loa, no laila kūpono lākou no nā aquarium hoʻomaka. Pono e hoʻonani ʻia ka aquarium me nā wahi pōhaku nahae kahi e hiki ai iā ia ke peʻe. ʻO ka nui o ka aquarium lawa iā ia e paʻa i 50 liters no kēlā me kēia specimen. Inā he nui kāu mau wahi hūnā, hiki iā ʻoe ke noho i kahi 20-lita.

Inā makemake mākou e loaʻa kahi hoa e launa pū, he pahu 150 hika ka mea kūpono loa. ʻOiai e mālama ʻia nā lua pōhaku a me nā māwae e mālama maikaʻi ʻia kēia mau iʻa. Inā he mau ʻano ʻē aʻe, ka Gramma loreto e ʻeli ʻo ia i kahi puka liʻiliʻi i ka substrate e māka i ka palena ʻāina.

No ka wai, koi lākou e hoʻāla maikaʻi a hoʻolele ʻia. No laila, lawe he kānana skimmer maikaʻi e hōʻalo i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana o nā huahana ʻawahia. Pono ke one e maikaʻi a me ka ʻole o nā kihi ʻoi. Pēlā mākou e hōʻalo ai i ka hōʻino ʻana i ka holoholona. E mālama ka mānoanoa ma waena o 1020 a me 1025 a me ka mahana ma waena o 24 a me 28 kekelē. Hoʻomanaʻo mākou ʻo ka wahi maoli ka Caribbean. Ma laila e mahana ai ka wai, no laila kaukaʻi ʻia i ko mākou wahi, e pono ai ʻAʻohe huahana i loaʻa.

Pono ia ʻaʻole pono nā nitrites a me ka amonia, ʻoiai ʻaʻole lākou e ʻae ʻia, a ʻaʻole ʻoi aku ka nui o nā nitrates ma 10 ppm. Ma lalo o ke kūpono ʻole o nā kūlana mālama (nā palena i hoʻohālikelike ʻia, nā helu nitrogen kiʻekiʻe, nā hoʻololi koke, ...) maʻalahi lākou i ka ʻaelike ʻana i nā ʻano maʻi āpau. e like me Oodinium, ke kumu o nā pōʻino maoli i nā ʻano ʻokoʻa o kēia ʻohana iʻa.

Hānai iʻa a Tūtū wahine

E hānai ʻana iʻa iʻa Tūtū

Ma ka laulā ʻaʻole lākou e hōʻike i nā pilikia i kā lākou hānai ʻana i ka pio. He ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e hāʻawi iā lākou i kekahi iʻa ola i ko lākou mau lā mua e like me ka hiki e lilo Amphipocs a me Copepods. ʻIke nui ʻia kēia ʻano i nā pōhaku ola. Mahalo iā lākou, hiki iā mākou ke hana hou i ke ʻano kūlohelohe i ke ala ʻoi loa.

I ka wā mua i kona noho ʻana i ka aquarium, ʻaʻole ia e hōʻole ʻaneʻane kokoke i nā meaʻai. Hiki iā ia ke ʻae i ka meaʻai paʻahau. Inā hāʻawi ʻia hoʻokahi manawa i ka hebedoma kahi pono o kaʻai ʻana iā ia e hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka ʻōpū.

ʻAno lawehala

Ka hana a ka Gramma loreto

Inā he iʻa i loko o ka aquarium ʻoi aku ka nui a wikiwiki paha hiki ke hopena maikaʻi ʻole i kāu papaʻai. ʻO kēia no ka mea haʻahaʻa ko lākou hiki ke ʻau. Eia kekahi, inā he iʻa iʻoi aku ka hakakā a me ka ʻāina, hōʻole paha lākou e ʻai inā makaʻu lākou.

He iʻa teritori nui lākou i hiki ke lilo i mea kūʻē kūʻē i kekahi iʻa o ka nui e like me kā lākou iho a liʻiliʻi paha. Inā lākou e hoʻokokoke i kāna wahi hūnā i nā māwae, e hoʻoweliweli ʻo ia iā lākou me ka ʻole o ka hōʻeha iā ia.

Hoʻopili

ʻO ka hana hou ʻana o Gramma Loreto

Hiki i kēia iʻa ke hoʻohua i ka pio, ʻoiai pono lākou e mālama mau i nā kūlana aquarium. He ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo ʻaʻole he nitrogen i loko o ka wai. E hana kope, hoʻopiha ka pāpālua i ko lākou lua me nā ʻano mea like ʻole. Hoʻohana ka mea maʻamau i nā ʻāpana limu e hoʻomaka. Ma laila lākou e waiho ai i nā hua ma hope o ka aloha aloha a lākou.

I ka wā incubation, ʻoi aku ka ikaika o lākou ma mua o ka manawa. Hiki iā lākou ke pepehi i kā lākou mau hoa lawaiʻa iʻa. No laila, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana iā lākou. Palekana ka ʻōpio i ka haumia o ka wai.

Inā ʻoe he poʻe hoʻomaka i ka honua o nā aquarium, mai kānalua i ka Gramma loreto ʻo ia kekahi o nā koho maikaʻi loa e hoʻomaka.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

*

*

  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.