Iʻa iwi

Iʻa salemona

I loko o nā wai e hoʻopiha i ko mākou kai, nā kahawai a me nā moana, aia kekahi mau ʻano mea ola like ʻole. Maliʻa paha, ʻo ke poʻo i ke aloha nui loa o lākou āpau no ka iʻa. Hāʻawi kēia mau mea ʻano ʻokoʻa iā mākou i nā ʻano like ʻole, nā waihoʻoluʻu, a pēlā aku, akā naʻe, a ʻoiai ʻo kēia kūlana, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou he lālā o kahi hui kūikawā a mākou e hāʻawi ai i ka inoa o iʻa iwi.

He aha ka iʻa iwi?

ʻO ka iʻa iwi kēlā mau iʻa vertebrates a me gnathostome (vertebrates i hōʻike ʻia e ka loaʻa ʻana o ka iwi ā). Hāʻawi ʻia lākou i ka iwi iwi o loko, no laila ko lākou inoa. Ua ʻike ʻia lākou ma nā kānaka osteictians.

Iʻa Carp

ʻO kēlā iwi iwi i loko ke kumu nui e hoʻokaʻawale iā lākou mai nā hui iʻa nui ʻē aʻe: iʻa cartilaginous. Ma ke ʻano he hoihoi, pono e ʻōlelo ʻia aia he kolu o ka iʻa, i hana ʻia me nā iʻa me ka ʻole o ka iwi. Kākaʻikahi loa ka hope a aia wale nō kahi helu liʻiliʻi loa o nā laha i waena o lākou, e laʻa, ipukukui.

ʻO ka iʻa iwi ka mea nui, nā iʻa a mākou e ʻike ai, ʻo ia hoʻi, nā ʻano maʻamau e like me ka salmon maʻamau, ka iʻa, ka iʻa iʻa, a pēlā aku. Akā, ʻo nā iʻa cartilaginous, e ʻōlelo ākea ana, he manō, kukuna a me mantas.

Nā ʻano nui o ka iʻa iwi

Iʻa Piranha

Māhele ʻia ka iwi iwi iʻa i mau ʻāpana: ka ʻiwi iwi ʻākena, ʻo ia ka mea e noho ma ka ʻaoʻao waena; noho ka iwi iwi cephalic i ka ʻāpana o ke poʻo; ka iwi iwi kuʻi, ka mea kokoke i nā pelvic a me nā ʻāʻī toracic; a ʻo ka ʻiwi iwi āpau, ʻo ia ka mea e hana i nā lola.

Nui paha nā ʻokoʻa ma waena o nā iʻa iwi a me nā iʻa cartilaginous ma loko. ʻAʻohe iʻa iʻa iwi a kiwikā o, akā loaʻa iā lākou makapō pyloric a nele lākou iā lākou ʻōiwi kikoʻī.

Loaʻa i ka ʻōnaehana hanu o nā iʻa iwi kā nā kumuhana Aia i loko o ke keena ʻoihana, a uhi ʻia e kekahi ʻano operculum e hōʻike wale nei i kahi puka brachial liʻiliʻi ma kēlā me kēia ʻaoʻao o ka holoholona. He kākaʻikahi, ʻoiai he hiki nō hoʻi, ke hōʻike ʻia kahi preoperculum, akā koi mākou he mea ʻokoʻa loa ia. Wahi a nā kani, pono e hoʻomaopopo ʻaʻole hoʻokaʻawale ʻia lākou e septa.

I kekahi mau ʻano iʻa iwi, ka ʻauʻau ʻauʻau ua ulu a lilo i puʻupuʻu. Kōkua kēia lung iā lākou e noho lana, neʻe i luna.

Kapa ʻia ka waha o kēia mau holoholona ʻo ka waha hopena, ka mea hiki ke neʻe pololei, mahalo nui i iwi dermal i haʻi ʻia na ia e hoʻokumu ʻia. ʻO nā niho ka hoʻonui liʻiliʻi o kēia mau iwi dermal, a pono e ʻōlelo ʻia he haki a nalowale paha o lākou e lilo i hōʻino maikaʻi ʻole.

ʻO kekahi ʻano ʻē aʻe i ka hoʻohui i kēlā iwi i loko, he iwi hoʻi ko lākou i nā ʻāpana o ko lākou ʻili e like me ka unahi. Ke kuhikuhi nei inā pili kahi iʻa iwi i kekahi ʻano a i ʻole, kēia mau unahi, ka mea nui i loaʻa i kā lākou laina ʻaoʻao a transverse, hiki iā lākou ke kōkua nui iā mākou.

Ma ke kumuhana o nā fin, he iʻa nā iʻa iwi pūhaka pelvic, he paik'm na nā kīʻaha umauma o pectorals (ʻano like lākou i ke ʻano o ke kino a me ke ʻano) a a a i ʻole nā ​​ʻāpana dorsal a anal paha. Kaukaʻi ʻia i kahi o nā pelvic a me nā pūkoko thoracic, ʻehā mau ʻano iʻa iwi i puka aʻe: ʻōpūs (inā ma hope o nā ʻili pelvic ma hope o nā fac thoracic), ʻalalā (inā ʻo nā pelvic fins ma ke kiʻekiʻe hoʻokahi a ma hope iki paha o nā mea ʻoi), ʻoka (inā aia nā pelvic fins i mua o nā ʻiʻo thoracic) a, ʻo ka hopena, ʻo ka apodal (ʻO lākou nā iʻa iwi i nele i nā pelvic fins).

ʻAi

Salemona muliwai

ʻO ka niho, ʻo ia hoʻi, nā niho, a me ke ʻano o ka ʻōnaehana digestive e hoʻoholo i ka wehewehe ʻana i ka papaʻai o kēia iʻa. Maʻamau, he holoholona maʻamau lākou, me kahi ʻōpū nui, nona nā cecum pyloric he nui, a me kahi ʻōpū pōkole a pololei.

Eia nō naʻe, aia kekahi mau iʻa iwi nona ka ʻai o ka lāhui herbivorous, nona ka ʻōpū i maʻalahi, i kekahi manawa hoʻokaʻawale, e hoʻonui ana i kahi ʻōpū maʻamau a me kahi mea crusher. No kāna ʻāpana, ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka ʻōpū a lōʻihi lōʻihi.

Hoʻopili

Panakō iʻa

ʻO ka hana kope ʻia o nā iʻa iwi moe, ke hōʻike nei i nā poʻe o nā ʻano kāne like ʻole. Pono e ʻōlelo ʻia ma nā ʻano iʻa bony he paʻakikī loa e hoʻokaʻawale i waena o nā kāne a me nā wahine, ʻoiai ʻaʻole lākou e hōʻike i kahi dimorphism moekolohe. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, aia kekahi mau ʻano kahi e hoʻohuli ʻia ai nā kāne a wahine, i ka hala o ka manawa. ʻIke ʻia kēia ʻano iʻa bony ma ke ʻano he iʻa hermaphrodite sequential.

ʻAʻohe o nā kāne i kahi ʻōnaehana copulate no ka mea he kūwaho ka fertilization, koe wale nō i kekahi mau hoʻokoe kahi i loaʻa ai nā kāne i nā fins anal e hiki ai ke hana i ka hoʻomomona kūloko.

ʻO ka hapa nui ka iʻa oviparous, ʻoiai he maʻamau no nā hihia o nā iʻa iwi e kū ovoviviparous y viviparous. Mālama kekahi mau ʻano iʻa iwi i kā lākou mau hua a hiki i ka pā ʻana a hānau ʻia nā pua puaʻa, akā ʻaʻole maʻamau kēia.

ʻO ka manawa i makemake ʻia no ka hānau ʻana ka mea nui i nā laha.

Nā ʻokoʻa ma waena o ka iʻa iwi a me ka iʻa cartilaginous

Iʻa muliwai

E like me ka mea i wehewehe ʻia a i ʻōlelo ʻia paha ma loko o kēia ʻatikala, ma loko o ka iʻa honua, ʻike mākou i ʻelua ʻano nui: iʻa iwi y iʻa cartilaginous. ʻOiai paha he nui nā mea like ma waena o lākou, aia kekahi mau mea hou aku nāʻokoʻa hoʻokaʻawale iā lākou.

ʻIʻa maopopo nā iʻa iʻa a huakai kino iwi ʻoiai ka iʻa cartilaginous ʻo ia hana ʻia e kāʻawe.

I ka iʻa iwi ʻae ka ʻauʻau ʻauʻau a huelo huelo like lobes. I ka hihia o ka iʻa cartilaginous, ʻaʻohe wahi ʻauʻau A'o ka he lobes ʻokoʻa ko ka fin tail.

ʻO nā unahi i nā iʻa iwi o ʻano cycloid. Ua uhi ʻia ko lākou mau kino e nā iʻa Cartilaginous e nā unahi liʻiliʻi o ʻano placoid ʻaʻole hoʻokuʻi.

No ka hanu ʻana, aia kekahi ʻokoʻa ʻokoʻa. I loko o ka iʻa iwi aia ʻehā pālua o nā pūkana a me kahi operculum gillEia naʻe, ʻaʻole kēia ka hihia i nā iʻa cartilaginous. Kēia manawa ʻelima a ʻeono paha paona o nā puka hā a ʻaʻohe operculum gill.

Nā laʻana o ka iʻa iwi

Pūʻulu ʻauʻau kai trout

ʻO ka mea nui, ʻo ka hapa nui o nā iʻa a mākou e ʻike ai no ka "lāʻau" o nā iʻa iwi. Hiki ke hāʻawi ʻia kahi laʻana he nui o nā laʻana. Eia kekahi: grouper, sardines, salmon, hake, carp, mackerel, bass bass, bonito, salmon, mackerel lio, a pēlā aku..

Hoʻonohonoho ʻana iʻa iʻa

ʻO ka iʻa ma lalo o ke kai

Ma loko o ka ʻohana ponoʻī o ka iʻa iwi, hiki iā mākou ke hoʻokumu i kahi hoʻokaʻawale a i ʻole ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana, nā mea protagonists me ka nā mea hana keaka a me ka ʻakaʻaka.

ka nā mea hana keaka He iʻa iwi lākou i hoʻomālamalama ʻia nā ʻili i hana ʻia me nā mea iwi. Hana ʻia kona iwi poʻo i nā ʻaʻa cartilaginous. ʻElua mau puka hāleʻa i pale ʻia e kahi operculum, a he imbricate a me rudimentary nā unahi. ʻAʻohe o lākou ihu a i ʻole cloaca.

ka ʻakaʻaka he iʻa iwi ko lākou o nā kino o ka io a i ʻole lobular kiko. Kūlike like kēia mau peʻa me nā peʻa o kekahi amphibians, a lilo i hōʻailona maopopo loa o ke kaʻina hana evolution. I loko o lākou, he subdivision hou kā mākou, i waena o nā iʻa coelacantiforms, inoa kapakapa me coelacanths, a me ka iʻa māmā o Dipneas.

Lana ko mākou manaʻo ua hiki iā mākou ke hoʻolauna iā ʻoe i kēia hui o nā holoholona i hiki i ko mākou mau lā i kēlā me kēia lā a i ko mākou nohona o kēlā me kēia lā, akā ʻaʻole paha mākou e ʻike i kekahi mau mea e lilo ai i iʻa kūikawā nui iā lākou.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.