Amphibians ʻona

poʻe amphibians ʻona

I ke kūlohelohe he nui nā ʻano hana e hoʻopili ai i ke kaiapuni. Aia kekahi mau loea i loea i ka camouflage, a ʻo nā mea ʻē aʻe, he predators maikaʻi, a loaʻa i kēlā me kēia ko lākou ala ponoʻī e ola ai ma mua o nā hanana i hōʻike ʻia.

Aia kekahi mau amphibians nona ka waihoʻoluʻu e kupaianaha a me ka hōʻike. ʻOiai hiki i kēia ke lilo i mea maikaʻi ʻole ke hiki mai i ka camouflage, ʻo kāna pahuhopu ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe. ʻĀhaʻa kēia mau amphibians a, inā e hopu ʻia, e hoʻowawahia i ka mea pio.

No ke aha he mau ʻona kekahi mau amphibians?

ʻāpala lāʻau make

ʻO nā mea ʻino i nā holoholona he ʻano maʻamau no hiki iā ʻoe ke pale aku iā ʻoe iho i nā mea hōkai. He ʻelua mau glands ka Amphibians i ko lākou ʻili e lawelawe no ka lubrication a me nā gular granular kahi e piha ai ka venom.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā amphibians he mea make. Akā kēia ʻaʻole ia he manaʻo weliweli lākou i ke olakino. He mea weliweli wale nō nā rana i nā kānaka. I nā amphibians, mālama ʻia ka lāʻau make i loko o kahi gona make e hiki ai ke hūnā iā ia i kahi kūlana hoʻoweliweli. ʻO ka maʻamau, ʻaʻohe onaona ka amphibian, no laila ke hoʻouka ʻia ia, hoʻonāukiuki wale ia i ka waha. ʻO kēia ke kumu o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o ka predator iā ia. I kēia ala, loaʻa ka hopena o ka lāʻau make i ka pale o ka amphibian.

He mau lāʻau antimicrobial nō hoʻi ka amphibian venom e pale aku iā ia iho mai nā microorganism pathogenic. I ke kūlohelohe, ʻike mākou aia kahi kaʻina o ke koho kūlohelohe, kahi e ulu ai nā laha i ka hiki ke hoʻomaʻa maikaʻi i nā kūlana kaiapuni. ʻĀ, aia kahi kaʻina o ke koho kūlohelohe e hoʻopono i kēlā mau amphibians e ola ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o nā mea ʻona i ʻoi aku ka ikaika a me ka pōʻino. Me ka ʻole o kēia kaʻina hana o ke koho kūlohelohe, ʻaʻole hiki i ka lāʻau make o nā rana ʻino āpau ke make e like me kēia lā. Ma ka maʻalahi, e hoʻokō ia i ka hana o ka makaʻala ʻana i ka mea pio o kona hiki ke neʻe aku iā ia a hiki ke aʻo iā ia ma hope o nā kala ʻokoʻa.

Pehea e loaʻa ai i ka amphibians ka lāʻau make?

ʻO kekahi mau rana, e like me nā poʻo pua, hānai i ka hapanui ma nā ants. ʻO kēia maʻamau o ka ʻai ʻana i nā naonao ka mea maʻamau i ka honua o nā rana a me nā toads a he mea nui ia na lākou e loaʻa ka lāʻau make hiki iā lākou ke pale iā lākou iho mai ka mea pio aku.

Hāpai kēia mau rana i nā papa hana hānai e pili ana i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka lāʻau make ma o ke komo ʻana o nā naonao. ʻO nā rana Arrowhead ka mea ʻawahia loa o ka honua (e like me kā mākou e ʻike ai ma hope) a loaʻa iā lākou kā lākou lāʻau make ikaika ma ka hānai ʻana i nā millipedes. Loaʻa i kēia mau millipedes lāʻau make alkaloid i loko o ko lākou mau kino a me nā rana, ma hope o ke komo ʻana iā lākou, kāʻili ʻoe a mālama i kēia mau mea make i mea e lilo ai i mea make.

Pehea ka lāʻau make i loko o nā toads?

ʻO ka hapanui o nā toads he mea ʻinoʻino ʻole i nā kānaka no ka mea ʻaʻohe o lākou meahana i lawelawe ma ke ʻano he inoculator o ka lāʻau make. Inā hopu ʻoe i kekahi o kēia mau toads, ʻo ka mea nui loa hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻonāukiuki i nā maka a i ʻole ka waha ke hui pū ka mea ʻawa me kēia mau wahi.

alualu holoka

Eia nō naʻe, i nā ʻīlio a me nā pōpoki hiki ke hana i kahi pilikia ke komo lākou i ka toad. I ka manawa iʻai ai lākou i ka toad, hiki iā ia ke kumu i ka make mai nā pilikia puʻuwai koʻikoʻi inā ʻaʻole e mālama koke ʻia.

Aia nā pēpē ke lawe ʻia i ke kumu no ka hopena o ka hallucinogenic. ʻO kahi laʻana, ka wao nahele Sonora (ʻO Bufo alvarius) ʻo ka toad i loaʻa Nā hopena hallucinogenic ikaika.

Poison i loko o nā rana

ʻIke like nā rana me nā holoholona "weliweli", akā uhi ʻia a pale ʻia e ka lāʻau make ma ko lākou ʻili. ʻO ka rana wale nō i loaʻa ʻole ka lāʻau make, ʻo ia ka rana ʻōmaʻomaʻo. ʻO ia ʻAʻohe ona mea ʻona e hiki ke hoʻopā iā mākou a i kekahi holoholona paha. ʻO ia ke kumu e hiki ai iā mākou ke ʻono i nā wāwae rana me ka makaʻu ʻole o ka hopena maikaʻi ʻole.

Ma ka lima ʻē aʻe, loaʻa iā mākou palaka kakaka (ʻO Dendrobates sp.) ʻo ia ka rana ʻawahia loa i ka honua, hiki ke pepehi i ke gorilla ma ka pili ʻana wale nō.

Pāʻālua Amphibian Poisonous

Hoʻohana kēia mau amphibians i ka venom ma ke ʻano he pane maʻalahi i nā hoʻoweliweli mai nā mea ʻino ikaika loa. He hoʻolālā ia e hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻomaʻa i nā hanana i kū aʻe a ola.

Ma waena o nā rana make loa ma ka honua a mākou e ʻike ai nā Dendrobatids. No ka ʻohana o ka anurans kēia mau mea. ʻO nā mea kaulana, a i ʻōlelo ʻia ma mua, ʻo ia nā rana pua kī. Noho maʻamau lākou ma waena o ʻAmelika waena a me ʻAmelika Hema. He ʻano laha ia o kēia mau wahi, no laila ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa iā lākou ma kahi ʻē aʻe o ka honua.

He ʻano ko kēia mau rana, he mea ia e kū hoʻokahi ai. Loaʻa iā lākou kahi ʻili nona nā kani e ʻālohilohi me nā momona momona a kūpilikiʻi loa. ʻAʻole lākou hoʻokahi kala, no laila inā makemake mākou e ʻike iā lākou, ʻaʻole ke kala ke kī kūpono loa. Hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i kahi o nā kala e ʻokoʻa mai ka ʻalani māmā, ma o ka ʻeleʻele, melemele a me ka ʻulaʻula.

rana arrowhead

Pana puaʻa

E like me kaʻu i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, aia kahi hana o ke koho kūlohelohe e hiki ai i nā lāhui ke hoʻololi i nā kūlana a lākou e hōʻike ai a ʻo ka mea ʻoi loa e ola a hoʻomōhala. I loko o ka mōʻaukala, nā mea hōkai o kēia mau rana ua make i ka hoʻowalewale ʻana iā lākou, ma muli o ka hopena ikaika o ka lāʻau make. ʻO ia ke kumu, i kēia hihia, ʻike maʻalahi nā rana e "aʻoaʻo" i ka mea ʻaihue he mea ʻawahia a ʻaʻole ia e hoʻopilikia iki i ka hopu ʻana iā ia

ʻO ka mea maʻamau i ke kūlohelohe ka hūnā ʻana iʻole e hina i kekahi holoholona ʻē aʻe, akā ʻo nā dendrobatids ka mea ʻē aʻe. Hiki iā lākou ke noho i nā ʻano kaiaolaola. Hiki iā lākou ke loaʻa ma nā wahi e like me nā ululāʻau, e like me nā ululāʻau tropical, nā ulu lāʻau Andean, a me nā wahi riparian. Hiki i kēia mau holoholona ke ola pono a 2000 mau mika.

Nā ʻano o nā rana dendrobatid

I mea e ʻike ai i kekahi o kēia mau rana, pono mākou e ʻimi i loko o kahi ulu lāʻau ulu i ke ao. Mahalo i kā lākou mau kala kuʻi hiki iā mākou ke ʻike maʻalahi iā lākou. ʻO lākou ka diurnal a hoʻokumu ʻia kā lākou papaʻai alualu i nā mea kolo liʻiliʻi a me nā arthropods e like me nā ants, termite, beetles, mites, a pēlā aku.

rana camouflage

Palaka kāmaka

E like me kaʻu i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, nā pae kiʻekiʻe o ka ʻona i loaʻa i kēia mau rana ma muli o nā alkaloid ʻona i loaʻa ma ka ʻili o ka ʻili o ka nui o kēia mau rana. ʻO ka hapa nui loa, ke pili pololei lākou ma ka ʻili o nā mea ola ʻē aʻe, hiki iā lākou ke hoʻokau i ka make.

Hoʻololi Predator

Ma ke ʻano he hōʻuluʻulu o kēia hoʻolālā e hiki ai i nā rana ʻino ke holo aku mai kā lākou mea ʻino, pono mākou e hoʻohui aʻe i ke kaʻina koho koho kūlohelohe e loaʻa ai i nā rana nā lāʻauʻawaʻawa ikaika, a hana pū kekahi me ka makemake nui i nā mea hōkai.

rana i alualu ʻia

Aia kekahi mau mea ʻaihue nona nā papaʻai he nui ʻano o nā amphibians ua ulu a Hiki iā lākou ke ʻili i ka rana ma mua o ka ʻai ʻana iā ia me ka pilikia ʻole o ke komo ʻana i ka lāʻau make. ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo ka otter, polecat a mink paha, kekahi o nā mustelid i aʻo e ʻili i ka rana ma mua o ka ʻai ʻana. Hana like mākou nā kānaka.

Ma ke ʻano he hoihoi, i kekahi mau ʻohana, hoʻouluulu ʻia nā pua me ka lāʻau make o nā rana i hiki ke ʻimi i nā holoholona heʻe hou aku. No laila, he inoa ko lākou o nā rana poʻo pua.

 


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.