Ramirezi

lei a nani wale ka ramirezi

I kēia lā e kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i kahi ʻano iʻa no kā mākou aquarium e hele mai ana mai ʻAmelika Hema, Colombia a me Venezuela. ʻO kāna e pili ana ʻO ka iʻa ʻo Dwarf Cichlid a Ramirez (Papiliochromis Ramirezi o ʻO Microgeophagus ramirezi).

Hōʻaʻano a nani hoʻi kēia mau iʻa ʻoiai hiki iā lākou ke loaʻa i kahi pilikia o ka lawena ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā iʻa ʻē aʻe āu i loko o ka aquarium. Makemake ʻoe e ʻike i nā mea āpau e pili ana i kēia iʻa no kāu aquarium?

ʻIkepili Ramirezi

kā lāua kāne ʻo ramirezi

Pili kēia mau iʻa i ke kaʻina o nā perciformes a me ka ʻohana cichlid. Loaʻa i kēia iʻa kahi lawaiʻa haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā iʻa ʻē aʻe. He teritori lākou, akā ʻaʻole lākou he kolohe.

E pili ana i kona helehelena, he iʻa iʻa nani ia me kahi kala ikaika a he nui ko lākou ʻano i waena o nā lālā o ka ʻano like. He iʻa maʻalahi loa ia i nā ʻano kemika i loko o ka wai (e like me ka hoʻohaumia). Hoʻomaʻamaʻa kēia i ka mālama ʻana o ka iʻa, ʻoiai ʻo ka maikaʻi o ka wai kahi e ola ai e pono e nānā pono a mālama pinepine ʻia hoʻi. Pōkole ke ola o kēia iʻa: ʻo ka maʻamau ma kahi o 2 a 3 mau makahiki wale nō.

Nā ʻano Ramizeri

ka peʻa ʻeleʻele i nā maka o ramirezi

He melemele ke kino o ka ramizeri me kekahi mau ʻeleʻele kūleʻa a ʻeleʻele kū i luna. He kiko ko kekahi ma ko lākou mau kino a ʻā uliuli ke kala. ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona e hoʻokaʻawale iā lākou mai ke koena he ʻāpana ʻeleʻele kūleʻa lākou e kū i ka maka. ʻO ka iʻa ma kahi o 7,5 cm ka lōʻihi.

ʻOi aku ka fin dorsal o kēia mau iʻa i ka hoʻomaka a i ka hopena, ʻokoʻa i nā iʻa ʻē aʻe. Ke hōʻea ka fin i ka hopena e lawe i ke ʻano o kahi plume me nā ʻekolu ʻeleʻele. Hōʻike maikaʻi ʻole ʻia ka dimorphism moekolohe i Papiliochromis Ramirezi, ʻaʻole nui ia e like me nā cichlids dwarf ʻē aʻe. ʻO nā wahine maʻamau ʻO Microgeophagus Ramirezi ua liʻiliʻi lākou ma mua o nā kāne a me ka ʻōpū ʻōmaʻomaʻo.

ʻAʻole like nā iʻa ramirezi āpau i ke kala like. Aia nā ʻano like ʻole i waena o mākou e ʻike ai i nā mea gula, nā albino, he mau peʻa ko nā mea ʻē aʻe me nā ʻano like ʻole, ʻoiai ka hihiu nui loa.

Ka hana a me ka launa pū

Teritori ka hana a ramirezi

ʻO kēia mau iʻa, e like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma mua, he teritori nō ia, ʻoiai he maluhia lākou. Kūpono, e mālama i kahi paʻa i nā aquarium liʻiliʻi a hoʻopili aku iā lākou me nā iʻa liʻiliʻi kiʻekiʻe aʻe. ʻOiai he panalāʻau lākou, ʻaʻole lākou e hōʻike i ka hakakā, akā mālama pinepine ʻia lākou i loko o ko lākou wahi hoʻomoana, ke hele wāwae pinepine ʻole nei ma ka ʻaoʻao haʻahaʻa a waena o ka aquarium. ʻAʻole piʻi pinepine lākou i ka papa, koe wale no ka wā e hānai ai lākou.

ʻO ka manawa a lākou e hana ai i ke ʻano teritori i ka wā ʻōpio, e like me ka nui o nā cichlids. E like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma mua, ʻo kekahi o nā ʻano e hana kūikawā ai ia i loko o ka ʻohana cichlid, ʻo ia kekahi o nā lā lōʻihi loa. ʻElua a ʻekolu paha mau makahiki i hala. Pono e hoʻomanaʻo ʻia ke kūʻai ʻia lākou i kahi hale kūʻai, ua hala lākou i hoʻokahi makahiki, no laila, ʻoi aku ka pōkole o ka lōʻihi o kēia mau iʻa i loko o ka aquarium.

No ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i nā kāne mai nā wahine pono mākou e hoʻomaopopo i nā wahine heʻuʻuku lākou ma mua o nā kāne a ʻoi aku ke kino o ka pōʻai. Hoʻohui ʻia, ʻoi aku ka lōʻihi o nā kukuna mua o ka fin dorsal i nā kāne.

ʻO ko Ramizeri wahi noho maoli

ʻO ka nohona maoli ʻo Ramirezi ma ʻAmelika Hema

No loko mai kēia mau iʻa ʻO Central Orinoco ma waena o Colombia a me Venezuela. I loko o kēia mau kahawai he nui nā mea kanu a me nā wahi malumalu me kahi kū hoʻokahi i loaʻa ʻia ma nā wahi kahi kahi e ʻauʻau ai. Inā makemake mākou e loaʻa iā lākou i loko o kahi aquarium, pono mākou e hoʻomākaukau me nā lāʻau a me nā pōhaku e ʻae iā ia e hōʻailona i kahi ʻāina a lākou e hoʻohana ai i ka nāhelehele.

Pono e hoʻomanaʻo he maʻalahi kēia ʻano i nā loli o ka mahana a me nā ʻano kemika o ka wai. No laila inā hoʻololi ke ana wela o ka aquarium a i ʻole hoʻomaka ia e haumia i nā kānana kū ʻole a i ʻole nā ​​ʻaoʻao kūwaho, e hoʻomaka kēia mau iʻa i ka ʻinoʻino.

Pono i loko o ka aquarium

ramirezi i ka hūnā ʻana

No kēia mau iʻa i hiki ke noho i nā kūlana kūpono, kahi nui o ka wai ma kahi o 40 liters no kēlā me kēia pālua. ʻOiai ʻoi aku ka hakakā o nā kāne ma mua o nā wahine a hoʻopau i kahi ʻāina nui, pono ka nui o ka wai. I mea e pale aku ai nā wahine i ka pale aku, pono e hoʻonohonoho i kahi wahi hūnā no kēlā me kēia wahine i kēlā me kēia panalāʻau. Hoʻohui ʻia, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o kēia mau wahi hūnā inā lākou e māhele ʻia i loko o ka aquarium.

Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, maʻalahi kēia mau iʻa i ka hoʻopili ʻana o ka nitrate i ke kaiapuni a ʻaʻole hiki iā lākou ke noho me nā paʻa o 10mg / l. He mea nui kēia e noʻonoʻo inā loaʻa nā mea kanu kūlohelohe i ka aquarium a makemake mākou e uku iā lākou.

I ka manawa e hoʻokumu ʻia ai nā pālua, e pale pū lāua i ka ʻāina, no laila ʻaʻole e hana kolohe ke kāne.

He mea pono e waiho i kahi kanu mānoanoa i ka periphery, a me nā mea kanu haʻahaʻa i nā pākaha ma waenakonu o ka aquarium, nā ana a me nā wahi hūnā i hana ʻia e nā pōhaku, nā lāʻau a me nā aʻa.

Hoʻopili

pēpē ramirezi

He iʻa monogamous ʻo Ramirezi, ʻo ia hoʻi, hoʻopili lāua me hoʻokahi wahine a noho pū me ia, a ʻo ka hope. Kūlike ka hana hou me nā cichlids ʻē aʻe. Aia ia i ka palena palena o kahi panalāʻau e pale ai nā mea ʻelua (hana mau ke kāne i kahi ala ʻoi aku ka hakakā a hoʻāʻo e pale i ka ʻāina hou aku). E kolohe wale lākou ke pili kokoke kekahi iʻa i kāu panalāʻau. Ma loko o ka mokuna a lākou i palena palena ai, kau lākou i wahi kūpono e waiho ai i nā hua. No ka hana ʻana i kēia, hoʻomākaukau lākou i ka wahi ma ke kau ʻana i kahi pōhaku pālahalaha, kahi pōhaku, a ʻeli paha i kahi lua e loaʻa ai ka ʻiliʻili e pale ai i nā hua. E hoʻomaʻemaʻe nui ʻia kahi e hoʻomoe ai, a laila e waiho ka wahine i nā lālani o nā hua manu lū a nā kāne e hoʻomomona koke. ʻOiai hiki ke hānai ʻia i kahi aquarium kaiāulu, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o kahi pahu kikoʻī. E hoʻoikaika i ka hoʻohua pono mākou e kau i ka Ph ma lalo o 7 ma kahi o 6,5, nā waiwai i hiki iā ʻoe ke nānā me a mika kūlana wai o ka aquarium.

ʻO ka nui o ka wai e koi ai kēia pahu no nā pua hatchling a me nā kāne ma kahi o 50 liters. E hoʻomākaukau ʻia kahi kūpono no ka mālama ʻana o ka ʻōpio a ʻo ke koena o ka aquarium e waiho manuahi ʻia no lākou e ʻauʻau. ʻO ka mahana o ka wai he 26 ° - 27 ° C. Mālama nā mākua ʻelua i ka hoʻomoe ʻana, akā aia ka makaʻu e ʻai lākou i nā hua, a ʻoiai ʻaʻole pono ka mālama makua no ka holomua hānau, hiki iā lākou ke hemo inā makemake ʻia.

Hiki i ka wahine ke waiho ma waena o 300 a 400 paha mau hua, ʻoiai ʻaʻole hānau ʻia a ola paha nā mea āpau. Ke kau ʻia nā hua, lawe lākou ma kahi o 4 mau lā e hatch. Ma nā lā 8, hiki mai ka yolk sac reabsorption a hiki ke hānai ʻia ka iʻa iʻa nauplii. I ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka ʻai e hānai, e kūʻokoʻa lākou a hiki i ka haʻalele ʻana o nā mākua i ka mālama ʻana iā lākou, i kēia manawa he mākaukau paha lākou no kahi ʻōhua hou.

Ke ulu nei ka ʻai, hiki ke hāʻawi ʻia iā lākou i nā meaʻai ʻē aʻe e like me nā ʻohana mosquito ʻulaʻula i pīpī ʻia, kekahi mau meaʻai encapsulated a me nā meaʻai pauda. Lulu lohi ka palai, ʻoiai he pōkole kona ola a kokoke i ka hapakolu o kona pā.

No ka mea ʻai e hoʻomohala i ka maikaʻi a me ke kūlana maikaʻi, pono ʻole ka wai o nā nitrites a me nā nitrates. Eia kekahi, i mea e ulu wikiwiki ai, hiki ke hānai pinepine ʻia, akā ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi. Ulu wikiwiki nā kāne ma mua o nā wahine, no ka mea hiki lākou i ka nui o nā mākua.

Nā ʻokoʻa ma waena o nā kāne

ʻokoʻa ma waena o ke kāne a me ka wahine

ʻOi aku ka nui o ke kala o nā kāne ma mua o nā wahine a me ka nui ʻoi aku ka nui. ʻO ka lua o ka radius o ka fin dorsal ka lōʻihi loa i waena o nā kāne. Hoʻokaʻawale ʻokoʻa nā wahine i ka ʻula o ka ʻōpū a me ke kino o ka ʻōpuni (Ma waena o nā hiʻohiʻona ʻōpio paʻakikī loa e hoʻokaʻawale iā lākou). Ma mua o ka hānau ʻana e ʻike ʻia ka wahine e kahi ovipositor pōkole.

Nā meaʻai a me nā kumukūʻai

ke kāne a me ka wahine e hoʻomākaukau ana i kā lāua pūnana

No ka hānai ʻana ʻaʻole pono e hoʻopilikia i ka nui, ʻoiai e ʻai pono kēia mau iʻa i nā mea āpau. Hiki iā ʻoe ke hāʻawi unahi, unahi, paʻahau, nā meaʻai ola ... Ke ʻano o nā meaʻai a lākou e ʻai ai e hoʻohuli i ko lākou ulu, hoʻomohala a me ka lawena.

ʻO kāna kumukūʻai kūʻai i nā hale kūʻai ma kahi o 6 euro. ʻO ka ʻōpio a ʻoi aku ka nui o ke kala, ʻo ke kiʻekiʻe ke kumukūʻai. ʻO ka ramirezi gula uku ʻia lākou he 50 euroAkā ʻoiai he hoʻokahi wale nō ou hoa, ʻaʻole pipiʻi loa ia.

E like me kāu e ʻike ai, he kūikawā a kū hoʻokahi kēia iʻa e kūʻai ai i loko o kā mākou aquarium. Pono e noʻonoʻo ʻia nā mea like ʻole, e like me ka mahana o ka aquarium, nā ʻano kemika o ka wai (pale i ka hoʻohaumia ʻana, hoʻomaʻemaʻe i nā kānana i kēlā me kēia manawa, a hoʻohana i nā iʻa hoʻomaʻemaʻe), a me ka ʻāina o kēia mau iʻa. Inā manaʻo lākou i ka hoʻoweliweli a i ʻole nā ​​iʻa maluhia a ʻoluʻolu hoʻi e hoʻokokoke i ko lākou wahi i hoʻonohonoho ʻia a i ko lākou wahi kau, e hoʻouka lākou iā lākou.

No ke koena o nā hiʻohiʻona, kūpono kēia mau iʻa kala a me ka maluhia no kā mākou aquarium a hāʻawi iā ia i kahi paʻi kala a me ke ʻano ʻokoʻa.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

ʻO kahi manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   ʻO Marcelo oviedo ia

    ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he maikaʻi loa a ʻōlelo synthetically loa, ʻike wau he mea pono loa ia. ʻO ka mea wale nō aʻu e hoʻohui e hoʻopiha iā ia ka laha i kaʻana like i ka ʻāina kūlohelohe a hiki ke kaʻana like ʻia e ka aquarium me ka ramirezi ...
    Makemake au iā ʻoe e pane i kaʻu nīnau / hopohopo!