Ma amphibiya owopsa

amphibians oopsa

M'chilengedwe pali njira zosiyanasiyana zothetsera chilengedwe. Pali mitundu yomwe ili akatswiri pakubisa, ina yomwe, komabe, ndi nyama zolusa, ndipo iliyonse ili nayo njira zawo zopulumukira zisanachitike zochitika zomwe zaperekedwa.

Pali amphibiya omwe mitundu yawo ndiyopatsa chidwi kwambiri komanso modzionetsera. Ngakhale izi zitha kukhala zovuta pobisa, cholinga chake ndi chosiyana. Amphaka amenewa ndi owopsa ndipo akagwidwa amapha nyama.

Nchifukwa chiyani ma amphibiya ena ali ndi poizoni?

zisoti zakupha

Ziphezi m'zinyama sizachilendo chifukwa athe kudziteteza kwa adani. Amphibians ali ndi mitundu iwiri ya zilonda pakhungu lawo zomwe zimapangitsa kuti mafuta azikhala ofewa komanso amadzimadzi omwe amakhala ndi poizoni.

Ambiri mwa amphibiya ali ndi poizoni. Koma izi sizikutanthauza kuti ndi owopsa ku thanzi. Ndi achule ochepa okha omwe ndi owopsa kwa anthu. Mwa amphibiya, poyizoni amasungidwa m'matumbo a poizoni omwe amatha kuzibisa pangozi. Nthawi zambiri amphibiya samakhala ndi poizoni, ndiye akaukiridwa, amangoyambitsa mkwiyo pakamwa. Izi zimapangitsa chilombocho kuti chilole. Mwanjira imeneyi, poyizoni amateteza chitetezo cha amphibian.

Vutoli la Amphibian lilinso ndi maantibayotiki omwe amateteza ku tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Mwachilengedwe, tikudziwa kuti kulipo njira yosankha zachilengedwe, momwe zamoyo zimasinthira chifukwa zimazolowera bwino chilengedwe. Pali njira yodzisankhira mwachilengedwe yomwe ikupangitsa kuti amphibian akhale ndi moyo wabwino kuposa omwe ziphe zawo ndizamphamvu kwambiri komanso zowopsa. Popanda njirayi yosankha zachilengedwe, poyizoni wa achule onse owopsa sangakhale owopsa monga momwe ziliri masiku ano. Zingangokwaniritsa ntchito yochenjeza nyamayi kuti izitha kuyisunthira kutali ndikutha kuyichenjeza pambuyo pa utoto wowala.

Kodi amphibian amatenga bwanji poizoni?

Achule ena, ngati mitu ya mivi, amadyetsa makamaka nyerere. Chizolowezi chodya nyerere ndizofala kwambiri mdziko la achule ndi achule ndipo ndikofunikira kuti atenge poyizoni zomwe zimawapangitsa kuti azitha kudziteteza ku nyama.

Achulewa amachita njira zodyetsera potengera kupezeka kwa poizoni pakudya nyerere. Achule a mivi yakutsogolo ndi oopsa kwambiri padziko lapansi (monga tionera mtsogolo) ndipo amapeza poizoni wawo wamphamvu podyetsa mpheto. Ma millipedes awa ali nawo poizoni alkaloid m'matupi awo ndi achule, mukatha kuwamwa, mumaba ndi kusunga poizoni kuti mukhale poyizoni.

Kodi poizoni ali bwanji m'machule?

Ziphuphu zambiri zimakhala ndi ziphe zomwe sizowopsa kwa anthu chifukwa Alibe chida chilichonse chomwe chimagwira ngati poizoni wa poizoni. Mukagwira chala chotere, chomwe chimatha kukupweteketsani m'maso kapena mkamwa pamene poyizoni amakumana ndi maderawa.

kusaka achule

Komabe, agalu ndi amphaka zimatha kubweretsa vuto zikamamwa mimbulu. Akangomwetsa mphalapalayo, imatha kupha anthu chifukwa cha mavuto amtima atapanda kuchiritsidwa nthawi yomweyo.

Pali zitsamba zomwe zikagwidwa zimayambitsa zotsatira za hallucinogenic. Mwachitsanzo, toad m'chipululu cha Sonoran (Masamba a alvarius) ndiye tovu yemwe ali nawo zotsatira zolimba za hallucinogenic.

Poizoni mu achule

Achule amawonekeranso ngati nyama "zopanda vuto", koma ngakhale zimaphimbidwa ndikutetezedwa ndi chiphe pakhungu lawo. Chule yekhayo amene alibe poizoni ndi chule wobiriwira. Iye Ilibe mankhwala aliwonse owopsa omwe angatikhudze ife kapena nyama iliyonse. Ichi ndichifukwa chake titha kulawa miyendo ya chule popanda kuwopa kutha bwino.

Komabe, tili nawo chule wamutu wamutu (Zowonongeka sp.) ndiye chule wakupha kwambiri padziko lapansi, wokhoza kupha gorilla pongogwirizana.

Njira Yowopsa ya Amphibian

Ma amphibiya awa amagwiritsa ntchito poyizoni ngati yankho losavuta pakuwopsezedwa ndi olusa kwambiri. Ndi njira yomwe akuyenera kuthana nayo malinga ndi zomwe zimachitika ndikupulumuka.

Mwa achule oopsa kwambiri padziko lapansi omwe timapeza Ma Dendrobatids. Izi ndi za banja la anurans. Odziwika kwambiri, komanso otchulidwa kale, ndi achule amutu wamutu. Nthawi zambiri amakhala ku Central ndi South America konse. Ndi mitundu yopezeka m'malo awa, chifukwa chake sititha kuzipeza mbali ina yadziko lapansi.

Achulewa ali ndi mawonekedwe omwe amawapangitsa kukhala apadera. Ali ndi khungu lomwe malankhulidwe ake ndi owala ndi mitundu yodzaza ndi yochititsa chidwi kwambiri. Iwo sali mtundu umodzi wokha, kotero ngati tikufuna kuwazindikira, mtunduwo sindiwo kiyi woyenera kwambiri. Titha kupeza mitundu yosiyanasiyana yomwe imasiyana kuchokera ku lalanje kwambiri, kudzera wakuda, wachikaso komanso wofiira.

achule akumutu

Achule pamutu

Monga ndanenera kale, pali njira yosankhira zachilengedwe zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zamoyo zizigwirizana ndi momwe zimapezekera ndipo ndi zamphamvu zokha zomwe zimapulumuka ndikukula. M'mbiri yonse, olusa achulewa anafa poyesera kuwamwa, chifukwa cha zotsatira zake zamphamvu za poyizoni. Ichi ndichifukwa chake, achulewa ndiwodziwika kuti "amachenjeza" chilombocho kuti ndi chakupha ndipo sichimavutikira kuti achigwire.

Chachibadwa m'chilengedwe ndicho kubisala kuti musagwidwe ndi nyama ina, koma ma dendrobatids ndiotsutsana. Amatha kukhala m'malo osiyanasiyana azachilengedwe. Amapezeka m'malo ngati nkhalango zamtambo, monga nkhalango zotentha, nkhalango za Andean, ndi madera ozungulira. Ngakhale nyamazi zimatha kukhala ndi moyo mpaka 2000 mita.

Makhalidwe a achule a dendrobatid

Kuti tiwone limodzi la achulewa tiyenera kupita kunkhalango kotentha masana. Chifukwa cha mitundu yawo yochititsa chidwi titha kuwapeza mosavuta. Amakhala osiyana ndipo chakudya chawo chimakhazikitsidwa kusaka tizilombo ting'onoting'ono ndi nyamakazi monga nyerere, chiswe, kafadala, nthata, ndi zina zambiri, ngakhale zili zofunikira kudziwa kuti zizolowezi zodyera zimasiyana mosiyanasiyana pakati pa mitundu ya achule.

kubisa chule

Chule wobisala

Monga ndanenera poyamba, kuchuluka kwa kawopsedwe komwe achulewa ali nako chifukwa cha ma alkaloid a poizoni omwe amapezeka pakhungu la achule ambiriwa. Ambiri, akakumana mwachindunji ndi zamoyo zina, amatha kupha.

Kusintha kwa nyama zolusa

Monga chidule cha njirayi kuti achule oyipa ayenera kuthawa adani awo, tikuyenera kuwonjezera kuti njira zosankha zachilengedwe zomwe achule amapeza ziphe zamphamvu kwambiri, zimathandizanso adani ambiri.

adasaka chule

Pali olusa omwe zakudya zawo zili ndi zingapo mitundu ya amphibians zomwe zasintha ndipo Amatha kupala chule asadadye popanda chowopsa chakumwa poizoni. Mwachitsanzo, otter, polecat kapena mink, ndi ena mwa ma mustelids omwe aphunzira kusenda chule asadadye. Nafenso anthu timachita chimodzimodzi.

Monga chidwi, m'mafuko ena, mivi idapachikidwa ndi poizoni wa achule kuti athe kusaka nyama zomwe sizingatheke. Chifukwa chake, ali ndi dzina la achule amutu wamutu.

 


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