Basking shark

Momwe masharking shark amadyetsera

Lero tikambirana za mtundu winawake wa shark. Zake za kusaka shark. Dzinalo lake lasayansi ndi cetorhinus maximus ndipo amadziwika kuti ndi nsomba yachiwiri yayikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Amatha kufikira 10 mita m'litali mpaka matani 4 polemera. Ili ndi mawonekedwe osangalatsa omwe amapangitsa kuti ikhale shaki yosaka komanso mphuno yakuthwa. Ndiwodziwika bwino kwa anthu omwe amakonda nyanja.

Munkhaniyi tikukuwuzani chilichonse chokhudza basking shark, kuyambira pamikhalidwe yomwe ili nayo mpaka momwe imaberekera.

Makhalidwe apamwamba

Momwe basking shark imadyera ndi zosefera

Ili ndi mawonekedwe abwino a hydrodynamic ngakhale imayenda pang'onopang'ono. Mphuno yake yakuthwa imamuthandiza kudyetsa madzi. Nthawi zambiri amasambira ndi pakamwa potseguka kuti athe kuzungulira ndikusefa madzi kudzera m'mitsempha.

Nthawi zambiri, zimawoneka kuchokera kunyanja ndipo alendo nthawi zambiri amafunsa momwe angawawonere. Pamwamba amawoneka pafupipafupi komanso amalekerera kukhalapo kwa anthu. Ngakhale mawonekedwe ake atha kukhala owopsa, siowopsa konse. Ngati mutakwera bwato lapanyanja, nsombazi zimabwera kwa inu kuti mudzasunthe, koma osakuvulazani.

Khalidwe ili lokoma mtima kwambiri kwa anthu limapangitsa kuti kusodza kosasankhidwa ndi asodzi. Kukula ndi kulemera komwe kwawathandiza kukhala ndi phindu lalikulu zombo zamalonda. Shark yekha ndi amene amatha kupanga nyama imodzi ndi malita 400 a mafuta. Chiwindi chimakhala ndi mavitamini ambiri ndipo chitha kuyimira mpaka 25% ya kulemera kwathunthu kwa nyama.

Kuzunzidwa kumene nyama iyi idakhala nako m'mbuyomu kwapangitsa kuti anthu ake achepe mpaka kufika poti anthu ambiri apano amatetezedwa ndi malamulo m'maiko ambiri.

Malo ndi malo ogawa

Shark pamphepete mwa nyanja

Sharking shark imapezeka m'malo a pelagic, chifukwa chake timatha kuiwona nthawi zambiri m'malo am'mbali mwa nyanja. Malo omwe amagawidwa ndi otakata kwambiri, pafupifupi padziko lonse lapansi. Kuchokera kumadera akutali kwambiri mpaka kunyanja zam'madera otentha. Amatha kuzolowera magawo osiyanasiyana.

Zitha kuwonedwa pamalo azishelelo zakontinenti. Ngakhale amakonda madzi ozizira, amakhala kumadera otentha pakati pa 8 ndi 14 madigiri. Nthawi zambiri zimawoneka m'malo oyandikira kwambiri komanso m'mphepete mwa nyanja ndipo ndizachizolowezi kuti amatha kufikira madera ama bay ndi madoko.

Amafunafuna chakudya m'matanthwe akuluakulu m'madzi osaya. Zimakhala zachizolowezi kuwawona akusambira pafupi ndi pamwamba. Sharki imeneyi imakhala ndi njira zina zosamukasamuka. Amatha kuyenda maulendo ataliatali munyanja ndipo amatero potsatira kusintha kwa nyengo kuti nthawi zonse kuzikhala kutentha koyenera.

M'nyengo yozizira amakhala nthawi yayitali pafupi ndi nyanja kufunafuna chakudya, popeza palibenso china chapamwamba. Imatha kutsika mpaka mita zana kapena masauzande akuya.

Kudyetsa nsombazi

Shark adumpha kuchokera pagombe

Ngakhale chifukwa chakukula kwawo ndi mawonekedwe ake owoneka bwino ndi amdima amaoneka kuti amadya nyama zina monga zisindikizo ndi nsomba zina, sizili choncho. Ngakhale ili ndi mawonekedwe owopsa, ili ndi chakudya chomwe imakonda. Ndi za zooplankton. Zooplankton ndi nyama zazing'ono zomwe zimapezeka pafupi ndi madzi. Ndi nyama zam'madzi komanso osambira oyipa, chifukwa chake amatha kugwidwa mosavuta.

Pamene zooplankton zapadziko lapansi zimasowa m'nyengo yozizira, sharki wa basking amayenera kupita kuzama kuti akapeze chakudya kapena kuyenda makilomita zikwizikwi kukapeza chakudya.

Zowonadi mukudabwitsidwa kuti chinyama ichi chimachita chiyani kuti chitha kusiyanitsa thabwa ndi madzi omwe amameza. Izi zimachita m'njira yosangalatsa ndipo chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ena athupi. Ili ndi ma raker amtundu wautali komanso owonda omwe amatsefa plankton m'madzi. Makeke awa ndi ofunikira kwambiri kudyetsa. Madzi owonjezera omwe amamwa amathamangitsidwa mthupi kupyola ma slits ofukula.

Mitsempha ya nyama izi imagwira ntchito molimbika kotero kuti imayenera kusinthidwa chaka chilichonse. Nthawi zambiri amatayidwa m'miyezi yachisanu ndipo amatulukanso nthawi yachilimwe ikakhala ndi plankton yambiri yoti izisefa m'malo omwe ali pafupi ndi nthaka.

Kubalana

Basking pakamwa shark

Nyama izi amafika pokhwima pogonana akafika zaka pafupifupi 10 zakubadwa. Asanayesere kubereka popeza sanakhwime mokwanira m'ziwalo zoberekera. Mtundu wobereketsa womwe ali nawo ndi ovoviviparous. Izi zikutanthauza kuti, ngakhale ana amatuluka m'mazira, amatuluka m'mimba mwa mayi. Mazirawa amatuluka mkati mwa mkazi mpaka mazirawo atapangidwa ndikukhazikika.

Gawo losankhika la kuswana kwa nsombazi ndi nthawi yachilimwe ikamayambira chaka chimodzi. Pakadali pano, chilengedwe sichingafanane ndi iwo kapena sichikuwakomera kukhala ndi zolengedwa zazing'onozi. Chifukwa chake, amatha kuwonjezera nthawi yolumikizira mpaka zaka zitatu. Kukwanitsa kupulumuka kumawapatsa mwayi wokhoza kusankha nthawi yabwino kwambiri kuti achinyamata akhale ndi kubereka bwino.

Khalidwe la sharking shark

tiburon

Ponena za momwe nyama iyi imakhalira, titha kunena kuti imakonda kusambira m'malo oyandikira nyanja chifukwa choti ndipamene pali michere yambiri komanso zooplankton zambiri zomwe imatha kuyamwa. Kutentha komwe kuli madzi ndi kunja komwe ndichomwe chimatsimikizira kuti chitha kukhala pamtunda kutalika kapena ayi kapena kusamukira kuzama.

Ndi nyama yochezeka kwambiri yomwe nthawi zambiri imapanga magulu a mpaka zitsanzo za 100 ndipo samachita kalikonse kwa munthu. Amatha kulumikizana ndi anzawo m'maso mongoyang'ana maso mbali. Izi zimawathandiza kudziwa ngati zolusa, maboti, ndi zina zambiri zikubwera.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za basking shark ndi chilichonse chozungulira.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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