Mayeso a Aquarium

Kuyesa madzi ndikofunikira kuti nsomba zanu zizikhala ndi thanzi labwino

Kuyesa kwa Aquarium sikuti kumangolimbikitsidwa, koma kumatha kuonedwa ngati kovomerezeka kukhalabe ndi madzi ndikuonetsetsa kuti nsomba zathu zili ndi thanzi labwino. Zosavuta komanso zofulumira kugwiritsa ntchito, ndi chida chomwe chimathandiza onse oyamba kumene komanso akatswiri azamadzi.

Munkhaniyi tiwona ena mwa mafunso ofunikira kwambiri pamayeso a aquarium.Mwachitsanzo, ndi za chiyani, amagwiritsidwa ntchito bwanji, amayesa magawo otani ... CO2 yama aquariums, Chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zimapezeka m'madzi zomwe ziyenera kuyang'aniridwa.

Kodi kuyesa kwa aquarium ndi chiyani?

Nsomba zikusambira m'nyanja yamadzi

Zachidziwikire kuti mwazindikira kale, ngati muli ndi aquarium, kuti Ubwino wamadzi ndikofunikira kuti nsomba zathu zizikhala ndi thanzi labwino. Nyama izi ndizovuta kwambiri, chifukwa chake kusintha kulikonse komwe akukhala (ndipo, mwachiwonekere, malo oyandikana kwambiri ndi madzi) kumatha kubweretsa zovuta zathanzi komanso kuyipa kwambiri nthawi zina.

Mayeso a Aquarium amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndendende pazimenezi, kuti mudziwe nthawi iliyonse ngati madzi ali abwino. Kuti mudziwe, muyenera kusunga nitrite ndi ammonia, pakati pa ena. Monga tionera, kuyesa kwa aquarium sikumangopangidwa koyamba tikayika madzi, komanso ndi gawo lokhazikika.

Momwe mungapangire mayeso a aquarium

Nsomba zimazindikira kusintha kwamadzi

Ngakhale m'masitolo ena ogulitsa ziweto amapereka mwayi woyesa madzi mumtsinje wanu wamadzi, apa tikambirana za zida zomwe zimakupatsani mwayi wodziyesera nokha kunyumba zomwe, pazifukwa zomveka, ndizomwe zingakupangitseni kukayikira kwambiri, makamaka ngati mwangobwera kumene kumadzi.

Kugwiritsa ntchito mayeserowa ndikosavuta, chifukwa ambiri amakhala ndi kutenga madzi pang'ono. Chitsanzochi ndi chojambulidwa (mwina ndi madontho kapena podika mzere, kapena kungokupatsani manambala) ndipo muyenera kuzifanizira ndi tebulo, yophatikizidwa ndi zomwezo, zomwe zingakuthandizeni kuti muwone ngati malamulowo ndi abwino ndi zolondola.

Mitundu yamayeso a aquarium

Mayeso a Aquarium amatsata nambala yamtundu

Kotero, alipo njira zitatu zazikulu zoyesera aquarium, kutengera mtundu wa zida: ndimatumba, ndi madontho kapena ndi chida chamagetsi. Zonse zitha kukhala zodalirika chimodzimodzi, ndipo kugwiritsa ntchito imodzi kapena chimzake kudalira zokonda zanu, tsamba lomwe muli nalo kapena bajeti yanu.

Mzere

Kugulitsa Miliard Mayeso ...
Miliard Mayeso ...
Palibe ndemanga

Mayeso omwe ali ndi chida chovala ndiosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito. Nthawi zambiri, pamakhala mabotolo angapo mu botolo lililonse ndipo magwiridwe ake ndiosavuta kwambiri, chifukwa amangokhala kumiza mzerewo m'madzi, kuwugwedeza ndikufanizira zotsatira zake ndi mfundo zomwe zafotokozedwazo mu botolo. Kuphatikiza apo, mitundu yambiri yomwe imagulitsa mayeso amtunduwu imaphatikizaponso pulogalamu yomwe mungasunge zotsatira ndikuzifanizira kuti awone kusintha kwamadzi mu aquarium yanu.

Madontho

Mayeso amadzimadzi ndi njira ina yabwino yosanthula mtundu wamadzi mumtsinje wanu wamadzi. Atangomenyetsa, amakhala ndi mphamvu zambiri kuposa ma strips, chifukwa amakhala ndi machubu ambiri opanda mitsuko ndi mitsuko yodzaza ndi zinthuzo. momwe mudzayesere madziwo (china chake choyenera kukumbukira ngati simukufuna kuti mayeso atenge malo ambiri). Komabe, opaleshoniyi ndi yosavuta: muyenera kungoika zitsanzo zamadzi mumtsinje ndikuwonjezera madziwo kuti muwone momwe madzi aliri.

Mukasankha mayesowa, kuwonjezera pakudalirika, onetsetsani kuti muli zomata kuti azindikire chubu aliyense Chifukwa chake simusokonezeka mwangozi mukamayesa mayeso.

Intaneti

Pomaliza, Mayeso amtundu wa digito, mosakayikira, ndi olondola kwambiri pamsika, ngakhale amakhalanso okwera mtengo kwambiri (ngakhale, mwachiwonekere, amakhala nthawi yayitali). Kugwira ntchito kwake kulinso kosavuta, chifukwa muyenera kungoyika pensulo m'madzi. Komabe, ali ndi vuto: pali mitundu yambiri yomwe imangokhala ndi mayeso a PH kapena magawo ena osavuta, omwe, ngakhale ali olondola, amasiya zinthu zina zomwe tingakhale ndi chidwi choyeza.

Ndi magawo ati omwe amayang'aniridwa ndi mayeso a aquarium?

Nsomba yofiira ikusambira kuseri kwa galasi

Mayeso ambiri a aquarium Mulinso magawo angapo oti muyese ndipo ndizomwe zimatsimikizira ngati madzi omwe muli nawo mu aquarium yanu ndiabwino. Chifukwa chake, pogula mayesowa, onetsetsani kuti akayeza zinthu zotsatirazi:

Mankhwala (CL2)

Chlorine ndi chinthu chomwe chingakhale poizoni wodabwitsa ya nsomba ndipo imatha kupha ngati sizingatheke. Kuphatikiza apo, nembanemba yanu yotchedwa osmosis imatha kukhala yodzaza ndi chinthu choyipitsitsa ndikuti imatha kupezeka m'malo oyandikira kwambiri madzi apampopi. Sungani ma chlorine mu aquarium yanu pa 0,001 mpaka 0,003 ppm kuti madzi asavutike.

Acidity (pH)

Ma aquariums obzalidwa amatsatira magawo osiyanasiyana

Tanena kale kuti nsomba sizimathandizira kusintha kwamadzi, ndipo PH ndichitsanzo chabwino cha izi. Pulogalamuyi imayesa acidity yamadzi, yomwe, ikasinthidwa pang'ono, imatha kubweretsa nkhawa ku nsomba zanu. ndipo amawapangitsanso imfa, zinthu zoyipa. Ndikofunika kuti mukhale ndi ma PH owoneka bwino ngakhale mukafika kuchokera ku malo ogulitsira ziweto: muyenera kuzolowera nsomba zanu poyesa PH ya malo ogulitsira ndikuzizoloweretsa pang'ono ndi thanki yanu ya nsomba.

Komanso, acidity yamadzi si gawo lokhazikika, koma limasintha pakapita nthawiPamene nsomba zimadyetsa, zimaswana, zomerazo zimapuma mpweya ... chifukwa chake, muyenera kuyeza PH yamadzi mu aquarium yanu kamodzi pamwezi.

El Mulingo wa PH womwe umalimbikitsidwa mu aquarium uli pakati pa 6,5 ndi 8.

Kuuma (GH)

Kuuma kwa madzi, kotchedwanso GH (kuchokera ku English hardness) ndichimodzi mwazinthu zomwe mayeso abwino a aquarium akuyenera kukuthandizani kudziwa. Kuuma kumatanthauza kuchuluka kwa mchere m'madzi (makamaka calcium ndi magnesium). Chovuta pa parameter iyi ndikuti kutengera mtundu wam'madzi am'madzi ndi nsomba zomwe muli nazo, muyeso umodzi kapena wina ulimbikitsidwa. Maminolo omwe amapezeka m'madzi amathandizira kukula kwa zomera ndi nyama, ndichifukwa chake magawo awo sangakhale otsika kwambiri kapena okwera kwambiri. Zomwe zalimbikitsidwa, m'madzi amchere amchere, ndi 70 mpaka 140 ppm.

Nsombazo zimatopa msanga

Dothi loopsa la nitrite (NO2)

Nitrite ndichinthu china chomwe tiyenera kusamala nacho, popeza milingo yake imatha kukwera pazifukwa zosiyanasiyanaMwachitsanzo, ndi zosefera zachilengedwe zomwe sizigwira ntchito bwino, pokhala ndi nsomba zochuluka mumtsinje wa aquarium kapena powadyetsa kwambiri. Nitrite imakhalanso yovuta kuchepetsa, chifukwa imatheka pokhapokha kusintha kwamadzi. Zimakhala zachilendo kupeza ma nitrite okwera m'madzi am'madzi atsopano, koma atakwera njinga amayenera kutsika. M'malo mwake, milingo ya nitrite iyenera kukhala nthawi zonse pa 0 ppm, monganso 0,75 ppm imatha kupondereza nsomba.

Zomwe zimayambitsa ulusi (NO3)

NO3 nawonso amadziwika kuti nitrate, dzina lofanana kwambiri ndi nitrite, ndipo ndi zinthu ziwiri zomwe zimakhala ndiubwenzi wapamtima wina ndi mnzake, popeza nitrate ndi zotsatira za nitrite. Mwamwayi, ndi owopsa kwambiri kuposa nitrite, ngakhale mumayang'ananso mulingo wam'madzi kuti asatayike, chifukwa, monga PH, NO3 imawonekeranso, mwachitsanzo, chifukwa cha kuwonongeka kwa ndere. Mulingo woyenera wa nitrate m'madzi amchere amchere ochepera 20 mg / L.

Kulimba kwa PH (KH)

Nsomba m'madzi amchere amchere

KH imayesa kuchuluka kwa ma carbonate ndi ma bicarbonate m'madziMwanjira ina, zimathandizira kuthana ndi zidulo popeza PH siyisintha mwachangu kwambiri. Mosiyana ndi magawo ena, kukwera kwa KH kwamadzi, kumakhala bwino, chifukwa zikutanthauza kuti pamakhala mwayi wochepa kuti PH isinthe mwadzidzidzi. Chifukwa chake, m'madzi am'madzi amchere omwe mulingo wa KH woyenera ndi 70-140 ppm.

Mpweya woipa (CO2)

Chofunikira china pakupulumuka kwa aquarium (makamaka kwa omwe adabzala) ndi CO2, ndi zofunika kwambiri kuti zomera zizitha kupanga photosynthesis, ngakhale zili ndi poizoni wosodza kwambiri. Ngakhale kuchuluka kwa CO2 kumadalira pazinthu zambiri (mwachitsanzo, ngati muli ndi mbewu kapena ayi, kuchuluka kwa nsomba ...) avareji yovomerezeka ndi 15 mpaka 30 mg pa lita imodzi.

Kodi mumayesa kangati panyanja?

Nsomba zambiri zimasambira m'nyanja yamadzi

Monga momwe mwawonera m'nkhaniyi, Ndikofunikira kwambiri kuyesa madzi am'madzi am'madzi a aquarium nthawi zonse, ngakhale zimadalira luso lomwe muli nalo pankhaniyi. Kwa oyambitsa, mwachitsanzo, tikulimbikitsidwa kuyesa madzi masiku awiri kapena atatu, monga atangokwera njinga yamadzi yatsopano, pomwe kwa akatswiri mayeso amatha kupitilizidwa kamodzi pa sabata, masiku khumi ndi asanu kapena mwezi uliwonse.

Mitundu Yabwino Yoyesa Aquarium

Ngakhale pali mayesero ambiri a aquarium pamsikaNdikofunika kusankha zabwino ndi zodalirika, apo ayi zitipindulira pang'ono. Mwanjira iyi, zopangidwa ziwiri zimadziwika:

tetra

Tetra ndi imodzi mwazinthu zomwe zakhala zikupezeka padziko lapansi zam'madzi. Yakhazikitsidwa mu 1950 ku Germany, imangowonekera osati kokha chifukwa cha mayendedwe ake abwino oti ayesere madzi amchere komanso madzi amadziwe, komanso zinthu zosiyanasiyana kuphatikiza mapampu, zokongoletsa, chakudya ...

JBL

Mtundu wina waku Germany wapamwamba komanso wodalirika, womwe udayamba mu 1960 m'sitolo yaying'ono ya akatswiri. Mayeso a JBL aquarium ndiotsogola kwambiri ndipo, ngakhale ali ndi mtundu wokhala ndi zingwe, luso lawo lenileni lili pamayeso oponya, yomwe ili ndi mapaketi angapo athunthu, komanso mabotolo obwezeretsanso.

Komwe mungagule mayesero otsika mtengo a aquarium

Mutha kulingalira bwanji Mayeso a aquarium amapezeka makamaka m'masitolo apadera, popeza si akatswiri wamba omwe amapezeka kulikonse.

  • Chifukwa chake, malo omwe mungapezeko mayesero osiyanasiyana osiyanasiyana kuti muyeze madzi omwe ali mu aquarium yanu Amazon, pomwe pali magawo oyeserera, madontho ndi manambala operekera ndikugulitsa, ngakhale kuchuluka komweku kwa malonda kumatha kukhala kosokoneza, makamaka ngati ndinu newbie pamutuwu.
  • Komabe, masitolo apadera monga Kiwoko kapena TiendaAnimal Simungapeze zambiri monga pa Amazon, koma malonda omwe amagulitsa ndiodalirika. M'masitolo amenewa mutha kupeza mapaketi ndi mabotolo amodzi, komanso upangiri waumwini.

Tikukhulupirira kuti nkhaniyi pamayeso aku aquarium yakuthandizani kulowa m'dziko losangalatsali. Tiuzeni, mumayeza bwanji madzi mumtsinje wanu wa aquarium? Kodi mumakonda mayeserowa ndi zingwe, madontho kapena digito? Kodi pali chizindikiro chomwe mumalimbikitsa kwambiri?


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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