Nsomba za nyali

nsomba nyali

Lero timapita kuphompho kwa nyanja komwe timapeza mitundu yam'madzi yosiyana kwambiri ndi yomwe tili nayo kumtunda. Mitundu iyi ndi zotsatira za njira zosinthira kuzama popeza momwe zinthu ziliri mosiyanasiyana. Mwa mitundu yosawerengeka yomwe ilipo, timapeza nsomba ya nyali. Iyi ndi nsomba zamakedzana za nkhaniyi ndipo ndikukutsimikizirani kuti mudzadabwa mukadzaphunzira za izi. Dzinalo lake lasayansi ndi centrophryne spinulosa ndipo amakhala pansi penipeni pa mita zoposa 4.000.

Kodi mukufuna kudziwa zinsinsi zonse za nyani? Pitirizani kuphunzira za izo.

Malo amphompho

gawo laphompho

Nsomba zam'nyanja zimakhala ndi mawonekedwe osiyanasiyana chifukwa zimafunikira kuzolowera chilengedwe. Zina mwazo ndi kusowa kwa dzuwa, kuthamanga kwamlengalenga, kusapezeka kwa zomera zam'madzi monga ndere, ndi zina zambiri. Mavuto onsewa amachititsa kuti mitundu yomwe imakhala m'malo ozamawa ikhale ndi ziwalo zomwe zimawathandiza kuti azitha kusintha komanso kukhala ndi moyo.

Dera lomwe kumakhala nyali amadziwika kuti zone abyssopelagic. Ndi malo am'nyanja omwe ndi akuya kuposa 4.000 metres ndipo amadziwika kuti kulibe dzuwa. Chilengedwe chimazizira kwambiri ndipo kuthamanga kwa hydrostatic ndikowopsa. Pakalibe michere, nsombazi zimapanga ziwalo zingapo zosinthira. Ndizosatheka kuti anthu afike kudera lino kuti achite maphunziro oyenera atapatsidwa zovuta kwambiri.

Makhalidwe apamwamba

nyali nyali m'chilengedwe chake

Nyali ya nyali ili nayo muyeso wamasentimita 23 m'litali. Mutu wake ndi wawukulu kwambiri ndipo nsagwada ndi zazikulu ngati mutu. Ili ndi mano ofooka komanso otuluka kuti athe kulumikiza nyama yake bwino. Ili ndi mawonekedwe azakugonana, motero ndikosavuta kuzindikira mwamuna ndi mkazi.

Khungu lake limasanduka lofiira kukhala lakuda ndipo lili ndi mitsempha yambiri yocheperako. Zowonjezera zili pafupi ndi mphutsi ndipo zimadziwika kuti Illicium. Ali ndi ndevu za hyoid zomwe zimawathandiza kuti azitha kusiyanitsa ndi mitundu ina.

Ponena za nyama yake, ndiyamadzi. Pokhala ndi madzi ochuluka pakhungu, mafupa ndi opepuka ndipo zimakutidwa ndi calcium carbonate yocheperako.

Malo okhala ndi chakudya

nyali nsomba chithunzi

Kuti mupeze mitundu iyi muyenera kupita Pacific Ocean kuchokera ku Baja California mpaka Kumwera kwa Zilumba za Marquesas ndi Gulf of California. Idalandidwanso m'madzi a New Guinea, South China Sea, Venezuela ndi Mozambique Channel. Izi zimapangitsa nsomba zam'nyanja kukhala ndizambiri m'madzi otentha komanso otentha.

Nsomba zomwe zaphunziridwa agwidwa pamadzi akuya 650 ku 2000. Nsomba iyi ili ndi mitunduyi, imangowoneka yamoyo nthawi pafupifupi 25 kuchokera pomwe idapezeka.

Ponena za zakudya zake, ndizabwino kwambiri. Monga nsombazi Amadyetsa nsomba zazing'ono zomwe zimapezeka m'malo omwewo. Iwo ndi akatswiri oona pa nkhani ya kusaka. Amakoka nyama ndi mbali yomwe adatchulidwira. Nyama ikamayandikira, amatsegula pakamwa pawo chachikulu kuti awaphimbe kwathunthu.

Amatha kumeza nyama zowirikiza kawiri kukula kwake kukhala ndi kamwa yotanuka kwambiri. Sikuti imangokhala ndi zotanuka pakamwa kuti izitha kumeza mitundu iwiri kukula kwake, koma imakhalanso ndi m'mimba wokulitsa.

Kubalana

kujambula nsomba nyali

Pankhani yobereka, nsomba iyi imachita chidwi kwambiri. Mkazi ali ndi ovary imodzi yolumikizana ndi ziwonetsero zingapo za epithelium. Malingaliro awa ndi ofanana ndi villi. Kwa chidwi chambiri, wamwamuna amakhala ngati tiziromboti akakwatirana ndi mkazi. Mwamuna amayenera kukhala nthawi yayitali kufunafuna yaikazi potengera momwe chilengedwe chimapezekera.

Mdima, kusowa kwa michere komanso moyo wovuta wam'munsi mwa phompho zikutanthauza kuti, wamwamuna akakumana ndi wamkazi, amathandizira chiwerewere. Ndizokhudza kuphatikiza kwamwamuna ndi wamkazi kudzera pakuphatikizana kwa mano. Pofuna kutulutsa umuna womwe umalola mazira achichepere aamuna, wamwamuna amamwa magazi azimayi kwinaku akuwononga ndi mano ake.

Popeza mikhalidwe yomwe nyamayi imakhalira kwambiri, kulanda zitsanzozi kumakhala chinthu chovuta kwambiri kwa anthu. Zitsanzo za 25 zokha ndi zomwe zagwidwa kuyambira pomwe mitunduyi idapezeka. Ngakhale zili choncho, ndi mtundu womwe watchuka kwambiri chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake apadera. Tikuyembekeza kuti anthu atha kupanga ukadaulo wokhoza kuphunzira bwino zakuya zam'madzi kuti athe kudziwa zambiri za malo okhala ndi zamoyozi popanda kuwononga chilengedwe.

Sikuti nyamayi imagwirizana kwambiri ndi mabakiteriya a fluorescent, koma pali mitundu yambiri. Chifukwa cha kuunikira kwakung'ono kumeneku, amatha kuthana ndi kusowa kwa kuwala m'phompho. Mabakiteriyawa amapangitsa ziwalo zina za thupi kuwala komanso zimagwira ntchito kuti nsomba zizitha kuyenda ndikudyetsa. Zimathandizanso kuzindikira pakati pa anthu amtundu womwewo kuti awone ngati kuthekera ndi kubereka ndizotheka.

Zozizwitsa za nsomba za nyali

pakamwa nsomba

Ngakhale amakhala mozama, nsomba iyi imakhudzidwa ndi anthu. Ndizofala m'zakudya m'malo ambiri padziko lapansi chifukwa cha kukoma kwake. Kugwidwa kwake ndikotheka chifukwa cha zovuta za El Niño. Ndikusinthasintha kwa kutentha kwamadzi komwe kumapangitsa kuti nyali yakufa ifike ndikuwonekera pamwamba ikuyandama.

Zimakhudzidwanso ndi acidification yamadzi yomwe imayambitsa kusintha kwa nyengo.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndikudziwa izi mutha kudziwa bwino nsomba za nyali ndi chidwi chake chachikulu.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.

  1.   Blanca Johanna Burgos Rivera anati

    Wow ndiwosangalatsa kwambiri, tikukhulupirira kuti kusintha kwa nyengo sikungakhudze kuya kwa nyanja chifukwa nsomba izi zitha kukhala chidziwitso chambiri chokhudza nyanja, tizingodikirira ukadaulo woyenda kupitirira 1000 m munyanja.

  2.   Elena anati

    Kodi magetsi opangidwa ndi tochi amakhudzana bwanji, njira yoti tochi igwire ntchito, chifukwa chiyani amapangidwa?