Nsomba za mandimu

nsomba ya mandimu m'malo ake

Nsomba za mandimu ndizodziwika bwino padziko lonse lapansi chifukwa cha kukoma kwake. Ndi nsomba zochuluka chaka chonse, koma nthawi yomwe imapezeka kwambiri ndi miyezi ya Meyi mpaka Juni. Dzinalo lake lasayansi ndi Seriola dumirili ndipo ndi ya banja la caranidae. Imafunikira kwambiri gastronomy yokhala ndi mayina osiyanasiyana azamalonda komanso akumaloko padziko lonse lapansi.

Kodi mukufuna kudziwa zonse za nsomba yapaderayi?

Makhalidwe a nsomba za mandimu

nsomba ya mandimu

Nsombazi zimadziwika m'madera ambiri padziko lapansi ndipo m'dera lililonse zimadziwika ndi dzina. Mwachitsanzo, ku Andalusia amatchedwa amberjack, mkaka ndi nsomba zamandimu. Kumbali ina, kuzilumba za Balearic amadziwika kuti cirviola, cirvia, ndi sirvia komanso kuzilumba za Canary monga megregal ndi mandimu.

Nyamayi nthawi zambiri imakhala m'malo amchenga m'malo amiyala kwambiri pafupifupi 300 mita. M'nyengo yozizira ikafika, imakhazikika pansi pa nyanja ndipo imangowonekera pamwamba pamene kutentha kotentha kumafika ndi masika.

Ili ndi minyewa isanu ndi iwiri yam'mbali ndipo pakati pake pali mazira oyera pakati pa makumi awiri mphambu zisanu ndi zinayi kudza makumi atatu mphambu zisanu, misana itatu yamphongo ndi minyewa yoyera ya makumi awiri ndi iwiri. Thupi lake limakhala lophwatalala komanso lalitali. Kuphatikiza apo, ili ndi mamba ang'onoang'ono ozungulira thupi lake. Mutu ndi wokulirapo komanso wokulungika, wokhala ndi maso ang'onoang'ono, mkamwa wokulirapo, ndi mphuno yayitali, yozungulira yokhala ndi mano ang'onoang'ono.

Ili ndi nthano yomenyera bwino yokhala ndi mitsempha iwiri ndi zipsepse ziwiri zakuthambo. Mchira wake uli ndi mawonekedwe ofanana ndi nsomba zonse. Ponena za mtundu wake, ili ndi gawo lakuthwa kwamtundu wamtambo ndipo gawo loyenda mozungulira losakanikirana pakati pa mitundu yoyera ndi yasiliva. Pafupifupi ambiri a iwo ali ndi mzere wachikaso wopingasa womwe umaphimba m'mbali mwake.

Kukula kwawo kumatha kusiyanasiyana pakati pa mita ndi mita ndi theka, kutengera msinkhu wawo. Ikafika pokhwima, Amatha kulemera mpaka 60 kilos. Kukula kwake ndi kulemera kwake zimadalira kwathunthu dera lomwe akukhalamo, chifukwa kutentha ndi mafunde am'madzi ndi omwe amatsimikizira kukula kwake.

Khalidwe ndi malo okhala

seriousla dumerili

Kawirikawiri nsomba iyi imakhala nayo khalidwe lodekha, popanda kukwiya ndi mitundu ina. Pokhala mtundu wokhala wokha, uli ndi zizolowezi za pelagic. Nsombazi zimangowoneka ngati magulu kapena awiriawiri munyengo yoswana. Nsomba zamandimu zikangobereka m'nyengo yachilimwe, zimabwerera kudzakhala pansi panyanja.

Nthawi yachilimwe ikafika, ndizotheka kuziwona pafupi ndi magombe. Atakula, amapanga magulu akulu pafupi ndi zinthu zoyandama monga jellyfish ndi salps.

Pakadali pano gawo lake logawidwa limakhudza pafupifupi madzi onse anyanja zapadziko lapansi. Dera lomwe kuchuluka kwake kuli kwakukulu kuli m'madzi a Nyanja ya Atlantic, kudutsa ku Mediterranean ndi Bay of Biscay.

Malo ake amakhala mkatikati mwa nyanja pamtunda pakati pa 80 ndi 300 mita.

Kudyetsa ndi kubereka

sukulu yaying'ono ya nsomba zamandimu

Nsombazi ndi nyama zokhazokha, chifukwa chakudya chawo chimakhazikitsidwa kwathunthu nsomba zina ndi nyama zopanda mafupa, kuphatikiza pa squid ndi cuttlefish. Nsombayi nthawi zambiri imagwidwa ikamayesera kusaka nyama zina monga horse mackerel, crustaceans, zing'onozing'ono ndi mbira. Njala ikayamikira, imatha kudya chilichonse chomwe chimayendayenda m'deralo.

Ponena za kubereka, timapeza zinthu zingapo zofunika kuziganizira. Malo omwe amaberekerako amatengera zosintha monga kutentha komanso nyengo yomwe imapezekamo. Nthawi zambiri zimachitika nthawi yachilimwe ndi chilimwe, kutentha kumakwera ndipo kumakhala kosangalatsa posamalira mwachangu.

Kuberekana kumachitika nsomba za mandimu zikakula (nthawi zambiri zimatha zaka zinayi amuna ndi zaka zisanu kwa akazi). Izi zikachitika, kubereka kumatheka. Pakadali pano m'moyo wawo amakhala pafupifupi kukula kwa pafupifupi masentimita 80 ndikulemera makilogalamu 12. Nsombazi zimakula mwachangu kwambiri, mpaka kutalika kwa masentimita 40 m'miyezi isanu ndi umodzi yoyambirira.

Nsomba ikaswana kwazaka zingapo Amatha kufikira kutalika kwa mita ndi theka ndipo amatha kulemera kuposa 60 kilos. (Mitundu yolemera makilogalamu 80 yapezekanso).

Nsomba ya mandimu imasankha malo oberekerera m'malo omwe ali ndi sukulu zazing'ono kwambiri ndikukonzekera malo ake pafupi ndi zinthu zoyandama monga nsanja, ma buoy kapena zinthu zina pafupi ndi gombe. Akamadutsa pakubala ndikubereka zimachitika, mazira amaswa ndipo mwachangu amaswa. Izi zikachitika, amafalitsa ndikufunafuna okha.

Onse mazira ndi mphutsi amatengeka ndi mafunde am'nyanja ndipo ndi omwe amasankha kukhala m'malo omwe akuganiza kuti ndi otetezeka kwambiri. Njirayi imatenga pafupifupi miyezi isanu.

Kusodza ndi zakudya zoyenera

ndimu nsomba nsomba

Kusodza kwa nsombazi kumakhala kofala kwambiri pamasiku omwe atchulidwa pamwambapa. Chifukwa chokwera kunyanja, ndizosavuta kupezeka ndikugwidwa. Kusodza kwake sikukubweretsa zovuta ndipo nthawi zambiri kumayenda bwino chifukwa choti nthawi yoyenera kugwidwa ndi malo omwe amakonda kupitako amadziwika. Ngakhale m'mwezi wa Meyi ndi Juni amakhala ochulukirapo, nsomba izi zimapezeka chaka chonse.

Kuvuta kwake kusodza kumachitika ku mawonekedwe amthupi lanu. Ndi mawonekedwe awa amatha kuchita kusambira kwake mwamphamvu komanso mwachangu. Ndi maluso awa amatha kukhala pansi panyanja kwa nthawi yayitali.

Nsomba ya mandimu ndi chikho chenicheni cha asodzi amateur kuchokera kunyanja ndi kunyanja. Kukula kwake kumakhala kokhutiritsa. Kuphatikiza apo, imayamikiridwa kwambiri chifukwa cha zopereka zake zopatsa thanzi zambiri zamapuloteni, chakudya, Omega 3, Cholesterol, mchere, iron, calcium, potaziyamu, zinc, sodium, mavitamini, A, E, B, B9, B12 ndi B3.

Monga mukuwonera, nsomba ya mandimu imadziwika bwino ndipo imafunikira padziko lonse lapansi chifukwa cha kununkhira kwake komanso kupambana kwake pamusodzi.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa. Amafuna minda amalembedwa ndi *

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.