Gulugufe nsomba

Gulugufe nsomba

Gulugufe ali m'gulu la nsomba zazing'ono zam'madzi. Amapezeka m'madzi otentha komanso otentha, koma lero, izi siziri choncho. Gulugufe, dzina la sayansi Chaetodontidae, ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu chakutha.

M'nkhaniyi tikambirana chilichonse chokhudzana ndi nsomba zodabwitsa zomwe sitingasangalale nazo chifukwa anthu ake ndi ochepa kwambiri. Amangowona zolemba ndi magazini asayansi. Kodi mukufuna kudziwa chifukwa chake ali pachiwopsezo cha kutha?

Makhalidwe apamwamba

Makhalidwe a nsomba za gulugufe

Makamaka, nsombazi ndizochepa kwambiri. Titha kuwapeza m'miyala ya coral akusambira m'madzi otentha komanso otentha. Koyamba, amatha kusiyanitsidwa bwino. Thupi ndi lachikaso lowala komanso lowoneka bwino kwambiri. Ili ndi mitundu ina yomwe imapatsa chidwi. Pachifukwa ichi, limalandira dzina la nsomba za gulugufe.

Lero, pali mitundu yoposa 100 yodziwika ya nsomba za gulugufe. Amagawidwa ndi nyanja ya Atlantic, Indian ndi Pacific. Amangokhala m'madzi amchere okha. Pokhala yaying'ono kwambiri, muyeso wake ndi mainchesi anayi okha m'litali. Ndizochepa kuti imatha kutalika kuposa masentimita 10.

Amadziwika kuti mitundu ina ya agulugufe amatha kutalika kwambiri. Ngati amakhala m'madzi okhala m'madzi ndipo akapatsidwa chisamaliro chomwe angafunike, atha kukhala zaka khumi. Komabe, m'malo ake achilengedwe, amakhala zaka 7 zokha.

Ambiri am'madzi ambiri amafuna kusamalira agulugufe. Kukongola kwake kosawerengeka kungasangalatsidwe ngati kusamalidwa bwino. Ngakhale pamenepo muli vuto. Nsombazi ndizovuta kusamalira. Imafunikira momwe madzi amakhalira komanso kuwunika nthawi zonse. Chifukwa chake, ndikofunikira kuti nsombazi zikhale ndizomwe chilengedwe chimapereka m'dera lawo.

Maonekedwe ndi njira ya moyo

Mitundu ya nsomba za agulugufe

Nthawi zina zimasokonezedwa ndi Angelo nsomba, popeza ali ndi mitundu yofananira, koma ndi yaying'ono kwambiri. Mawanga akuda pamthupi mwake ndiye chisonyezo chosiyana kwambiri ndi zomwe tikuchita ndi agulugufe. Zimasiyananso ndi angelfish chifukwa pakamwa pake ndi yowongoka kwambiri ndipo imakhala ndimizere yakuda m'maso mwake.

Kawirikawiri, ndi nsomba zosintha nthawi ndi nthawi, kotero amadyetsa masana ndikupuma pamakorali usiku. Zakudya zawo zoyambirira zimafotokozedwa mwachidule mu plankton kuchokera m'madzi, ma coral ndi anemones ndi ma crustaceans ena.

Mitundu ikuluikulu imakhala yokhayokha. Ali ndi chikhalidwe chokwatirana chokha. Ndiye kuti, ali ndi mnzake wokwatirana naye moyo wonse kapena mpaka m'modzi atamwalira.

Amakhala nyama zolusa zambiri zomwe zimayesera kuwasaka. Chimodzi mwa izo ndi nkhandwe nsomba. Amakhalanso nyama ya nkhono, nsombazi, ndi nsombazi. Chifukwa cha kukula kwake kocheperako amatha kuzemba mdaniwo ndikubisala. Amachita izi m'ming'alu ya matanthwewa kuti apulumuke ndikupewa kudyedwa.

Pambuyo pake amakhala owonda kwambiri ndipo mawonekedwe awo ndi owulungika. Mphuno yake ikutuluka kwambiri ndipo imalola kuti isunthe pakati pamiyala yamiyala yamiyala yamiyala. M'kati mwa miyala mumatha kupeza chakudya chawo. Mimbulu yake yam'mbali ndiyopitilira ndipo ya mchira imakhala yozungulira. Silinakhalepo ndi zipsepse.

Ngakhale ambiri ali ndi mitundu yowala, palinso zojambula zakuda. Koma nthawi zambiri zimawonekera wakuda, woyera, wofiira, wabuluu, lalanje, ndi wachikasu.

Mtundu ndi malo okhala

Malo okhala nsomba za agulugufe

Asanakhale pachiwopsezo chachikulu, nsombazi zimapezeka m'nyanja zonse zapadziko lapansi. Kuchuluka kwake kudakulirakulira kotentha, kotentha ndi kotentha madzi.

Ponena za malo awo okhala, amakonda kukhala pafupi ndi miyala yamiyala ndi miyala yamiyala yamiyala. Kuzama komwe amasambira nthawi zambiri amakhala pansi pa 20 metres. Mitundu ina ya butterflyfish imakonda kukhala pansi mpaka 180 mita.

Masana amapezeka akudya pafupi ndi miyala yamchere. Ndiko komwe amapeza chakudya chawo ndi pobisalira nyama zolusa. Usiku akusambira m'matanthwe kuti agone ndipo amapewa kusakidwa.

Ngakhale kuti nsomba zambiri zimakhala zokhazokha, zina zimapezekanso pawiri. Ndi ena okha mwa iwo omwe amapezeka m'magulu akuluakulu kuti adye zooplankton. Agulugufe a Corellivorous amakonda kupanga mawiri awiriwa ndipo amatenga mutu wamakorali ngati nyumba yawo, kukhala gawo lalikulu.

Gulugufe nsomba m'madzi

Gulugufe nsomba mu nsomba

Monga tanenera kale, nsomba za agulugufe zimatha kukhala ndi moyo nthawi yayitali m'mathanki a nsomba kuposa momwe zimakhalira. Madzi a m'nyanja yamadzi akuyenera kutengera zachilengedwe, ngakhale titayika mwala Idzatsina mpaka itaduka.

Ambiri mwa iwo amatha kudyetsedwa powapatsa algae, masiponji ndi miyala yamchere. Ena amatha kudyetsa nyama zazing'ono ndi ma plankton, chifukwa ndizambiri. Ayenera kupatsidwa zakudya zamitundumitundu monga ma flakes, brine wamoyo, zakudya zachisanu zamitundu yonse, ndi spirulina. Pali zakudya zoziziritsa kukhosi zomwe zimatha kuthandizira pazakudya zanu. Nsombazi zimakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi chakudya. Ngati sichidyetsedwa bwino, chitha kufa.

Nsomba zazing'ono ndizosavuta kuzizindikira pamatangi. Amayenera kudyetsedwa kangapo patsiku kuti akule bwino. Aquarium yomwe amafunikira iyenera kukhala yayikulu mokwanira kuti iwapatse malo. Amafunanso malo ndi ngodya zambiri pomwe zimatha kubisika. Izi zachitika kuti zifanizire malo awo okhala. Ndi amanyazi mozama, motero ndikofunikira kuyiyika ndi anzanu odekha komanso osachita zachiwawa.

Nsombazi zimakhala zokha kapena zimayenda awiriawiri. Komabe, akamayenda pagulu amakhala pangozi. Ndibwino kuti musayike mitundu yambiri yamtundu womwewo mu aquarium.

Ponena za kubereka, sitinayankhulanepo chifukwa iwo sanathe kuberekanso bwino mu ukapolo. Amayembekezeredwa kuti atha kuphunzira kuwabalalitsa mu ukapolo ndikuti amasintha moyenera malo awo.

Ndi izi mutha kudziwa imodzi mwamadzi ochititsa chidwi kwambiri padziko lapansi mozama. Kodi mudawonapo nsomba iliyonse yamagulugufe?


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