Carp

Carp

Pokhudzana ndi kukhala ndi chidwi chopeza mitundu ina ya nsomba kuti tiwonjezere ku aquarium yathu, mitundu yayikulu kwambiri imatseguka pamaso pathu, omwe kukula kwake, mitundu yawo, ndi zina zambiri, ndizosiyana kwenikweni. Komabe, mkati mwa kusiyanasiyana kotereku, pali nsomba imodzi yomwe imawonekera pamwamba pa enawo chifukwa cha zomwe zapangitsa kuti ikhale yotchuka. Timalankhula za Mahema, imodzi mwa nsomba zamadzi ozizira zofala kwambiri

Makhalidwe a nsomba ya Carp

Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) imachokera kumayiko aku Europe ndi Asia. Ndi imodzi mwa nsomba zamadzi kugonjetsedwa kwambiri ndikusinthidwa bwino ndi komwe mumakhalaIchi ndichifukwa chake yakwanitsa kugonjetsa pafupifupi kulikonse padziko lapansi ndipo yapatsidwa "mwayi" wolowa nawo mndandanda wa mitundu 100 yachilendo yachilendo padziko lonse lapansi malinga ndi International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Nthawi zambiri, zitsanzo za akulu zimafikira kutalika komwe kumasiyana pakati pa Masentimita 60 ndi 90, ndi cholemera chozungulira 9 kilogalamu.

Mukudziwa nsomba imakhala nthawi yayitali bwanji hema wamkulu? Akuyerekeza kuti mitundu ina, ngati ingasangalale ndi zina m'moyo wawo, imatha kufika mamita 1.2 ndikulemera makilogalamu 40, ndikupitilira zaka 60, osapezapo chilichonse! Adzapulumukanso m'madzi osasunthika komanso amchere pang'ono bola ngati ali pakati pa 17 ndi 24 ºC.

Nsomba za Carp

Iwo ali makamaka omnivorous, ndipo chakudya chake chimakhala ndi zomera zam'madzi, tizilombo, tizilombo tating'onoting'ono, ndi zina zambiri. Nthawi yobereketsa imayamba masika, ndipo imachitika m'madzi osaya kwambiri.

Akazi amayamba kugona 300.000 huevos zomwe, kutengera kutentha kwa madzi, zimatha kutuluka patatha masiku 3-4.

Amuna ndi akazi onse amakula msinkhu azaka 4 zakubadwa. Ngakhale, choyambirira, ilibe mitundu yowoneka bwino, ku China ndipo, makamaka ku Japan, adakwanitsa kupyola muukapolo kuti apange mitundu yatsopano kapena mitundu yamitundu yowala bwino, yaying'ono, yotchedwa Kodi.

Nsomba za Kois

Nsomba za Koi

A Koi, mosiyana ndi mitundu ina ya alongo omwe kupambana kwawo kwachokera pantchito yosaka ndi kusodza, akhala otchuka ngati ziweto. Monga chidwi, Koi mu Chijapani amatanthauza "chikondi" kapena "chikondi", ndipo kuswana kwa nyama izi kunakula kwambiri koyambirira kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX, pomwe madamu aku koi aku Japan komwe carp yokongola idabweretsa kukongola adadziwika kwambiri. . Zochuluka kwambiri, kuti mayiwewa amafalikira kumayiko osiyanasiyana kunja kwa gawo la Asia, komanso chithunzi cha woweta carp waluso.

Kodi tingasamalire bwanji Kois kapena Carp wathu?

Monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, a Kois akhala nsomba zoweta ndizabwino kwambiri. Zochulukirapo, kuti ndizovomerezeka kwambiri kwa onse omwe akuyambira pachisangalalo chodabwitsa ichi ndipo akufuna kuyesa mtundu womwe umafunikira chisamaliro chochepa, umakopa mawonekedwe ndi utoto, ndipo ichi ndi chitsimikizo cha kupambana m'madzi awo ndi mayiwe.

Nsomba za Carp kapena Kois ali ndi tsogolo la mbali zapakati kapena zapansi kuchokera pomwe iwo ali, nthawi zonse kukwera pamwamba kuti azidyetsa. Amatha kukhala m'magulu ang'onoang'ono, mpaka onse Anthu 6-7. Zachidziwikire, ziyenera kudziwika kuti nthawi zina amatha kuwonetsa zachiwawa, makamaka ndi mitundu yaying'ono. Izi zimachulukirachulukira m'madzi okhala ndi anthu ochepa, momwe zimakhala zosavuta kuwona momwe nsombazi zimakhalira kukhala ndi mavuto aukali. Chifukwa chake, sikulangizidwa kuti muziwakhazika m'matangi ang'onoang'ono a nsomba, monga ozungulira, kapena m'malo am'madzi omwe amakhala ndi zitsanzo zambiri. Izi zipangitsanso chitukuko chanu kukhala chabwino koposa. Danga ndilofunikira pa nsomba izi, chifukwa chake malo okhala m'madzi amalimbikitsidwa ofanana kapena kuposa 90 malita a madzi.

Kutentha kwamadzi sikuyenera kukhala vuto lalikulu, popeza tazindikira kale kuti nyamazi zimazolowera bwino nyengo. Ngakhale, atapatsidwa chisankho, mahema ang'onoang'ono awa amalekerera kuzizira bwino, bola ngati ndiyopepuka, kuposa kutentha, popeza kutentha kwambiri kumatha kubweretsa kuchepa kwa mpweya m'madzi zomwe, mwanzeru, zitha kupha anyumba ake. Pakhala pali zochitika m'mayiwe omwe nyama zazing'onozi zimapilira ngakhale chisanu.

Ponena za chakudya, zanenedwa kale kuti ndi omnivores (pafupi ndi nyama zodya nyama), choncho musapenge. Ndi fayilo ya chakudya chopangidwa ndi flake chomwe timapeza m'malo aliwonse makamaka nyama, ndikwanira. Koma ngati tikufuna kuti asangalale ndi zakudya zabwino komanso zosiyanasiyana, titha kuwapatsa zina khalani ndi chakudya chofanana ndi tizirombo tating'onoting'ono omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popha nsomba. Kuphatikiza apo, chowonjezera china cha masamba sichimapweteka, ngakhale kupereka masamba achilengedwe, momwe tionere momwe amenyera pang'ono. Muyenera kudziwa kuti nthawi yozizira, Kois ndi carp yaying'ono imayamba ulesi, momwe magwiridwe ake amachepetsedwa kwambiri, zomwe zikutanthauza kuchepa kwa kagayidwe kake, motero, pakulakalaka nyama. Ngati tiwona kuti akamudyetsa, samadya chakudyacho kapena samachita pang'ono pang'ono, sizoyenera kukakamira, kupatula nkhawa, popeza kudya kwambiri kumatha kubweretsa zotsatira zoyipa.

Vuto lina lofunika kwambiri ndi kusefa kwamadzi. Zosefera zomwe zidanenedwapo mu aquarium yathu kapena dziwe ziyenera kuchitidwa mwanjira ina kunja. Ngati nsomba zathu zili m'nyanja yaying'ono yopanda fyuluta, tiyenera kusintha madzi pafupipafupi, chifukwa mtundu uwu umapanga zinyalala zambiri zomwe zimachepetsa kwambiri mpweya wabwino womwe umasungidwa m'madzi. Mpofunika kuti inu kubetcherana pa fyuluta kunja monga awa.

Mitundu ndi mitundu ya nsomba za Carp

chophimba

Msika timapatsidwa mitundu yambiri ya nsomba za carp ku aquarium yathu. Ngakhale kuti ndi mitundu yofanana, pali zambiri mitundu ya nsomba Chihema momwe mitundu ndi mawonekedwe nthawi zambiri zimakhala zosiyana kwambiri. Amadziwika kuti "Comet waku America" Ndi mitundu yofala kwambiri chifukwa imafunikira chisamaliro chochepa. Zipsepse zawo sizitali komanso thupi lawo ndi locheperako. Amatsatiridwa "Ryukin" o "Mchira Wophimba", yomwe imakhala ndi zipsepse zazitali komanso thupi lolimba. Ofanana kwambiri ndi omalizawa ndi "Kupemphera" ndi "Mutu wa Mkango", ngakhale mitunduyi imakhala ndi ma papillae odziwika kwambiri. Izi zitatu, monga tikunenera, ndizofala kwambiri, koma zina zambiri zokongola kwambiri zitha kuwonjezedwa kwa iwo.

Nkhani yowonjezera:
Nthano ya nsomba za Koi

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.

  1.   Liz sifuentes anati

    Ndili ndi mahema awiri ngati lalanje m'chifaniziro choyambirira, okhawo si lalanje, ndi siliva, vuto ndilakuti limodzi lawo lasandulika ndipo sindikudziwa chifukwa chake, ngati ndi matenda kapena chakudya, chihema china ndi mtundu wofanana wa siliva

    1.    DIEGO anati

      Wawa Liz.
      Momwemonso, mtundu uwu ndi carp, osati carp, ali ndi zofanana zambiri, koma ndizosiyana kwambiri. Mwachitsanzo, zindikirani kuti carp ilibe dandruff iliyonse ndipo siyowoneka,. Kumbali inayi, carpin inde ndipo alinso mitundu yamitundu yosiyanasiyana ndipo ali ndi michira iwiri, ndizofanana ku China. makamaka amakulira kuti anthu adye.
      Carp nawonso, koma ndizosiyana ... komabe ndiyesetsa kuyankha funso lanu.
      Muyenera kukumbukira kuti nsomba zonse zomwe zili mu ukapolo zimafunikira kukhala ndi mpweya wokwanira m'madzi, ndikofunikira kuti muziyesa mpweya ndi zida zamagetsi.
      Nthawi zina amathanso kukhala chakudya chomwe sichimaliza.
      Madzi apampopi ndiabwino chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa laimu ndi klorini.
      Langizo: sinthani dziwe ndikuyesetsani kusandutsa chakudyacho, ndikukulangizaninso kuti mukafunse katswiri osati aliyense amene akuti akudziwa.

  2.   DIEGO anati

    GALIMOTO YACHIKHALIDWE NDI CHIMODZI CHA ZINYAMATA ZOMWE ZICHITUKA KUTI NDI ANTHU OCHEPA ALI NDI MWAYI WOTI ANAUWONERE PANJA LAPANSI. NDIKUFUNA KUTI NDI CHINYAMA CHOMWE CHIMAFIKA CHAKUFIKIRA MIYAMBO YOVUTA KUTI KUKHULUPIRIRA

    1.    Annette alvarez anati

      Moni, ine ndimadzi otchedwa watercolor, ndikukuuzani kuti gofu kapena golide, kaya ndi mchira wa comet kapena mchira wosakanikirana, ndi mitanda yamtundu. Mutha kugula mtundu wokhala ndi mawonekedwe ndi utoto, kuti musinthe pakapita nthawi imatha kusintha mtundu wake wamtundu ndi utoto popeza utoto umapezeka ndi makolo ndi makolo awo. Zili ngati kupemphera kuti pakhale kusintha kwa zinthu komwe kumakulitsa kukula kwambiri ndipo kumatha kulepheretsa masomphenya. Poterepa, kuyenera kuchitidwa opaleshoni ndikuchotsa zotsalazo. Ndachita zochepa ndikadali ndi anesthesia ndipo ndimazichita patebulo m'madzi ndi zodzitetezera. Mwa onsewa ndachita bwino kwambiri. Nditha kupezanso chotupa m'chigawo china cha thupi chomwe chimakhala chovuta kuchotsa ndi zoopsa zambiri. Ndikukhulupirira kuti kuwunikaku kukuthandizani. Ndine waku Uruguay, mafunso aliwonse omwe mungakumane nawo. Nkhani Annette

  3.   DIEGO anati

    Liz, usaiwale kuti kutentha kwamadzi kuyenera kukhala kotsika ndipo dziwe limakulirakulira komanso ndizofanana ndi moyo wake wautali.
    Moni wachifundo.

    1.    Horace Paez anati

      Ndimayendetsa nsomba za cyprinids, pali mitundu yambiri ya carp ndi barbel, m'moyo wabwinobwino ndipo osanenepetsedwa posodza carp carp imatha kufikira 30Kg. Pali 47 koma ndi onenepa kale (chifukwa chamatumbo). Pamaso mutha kuwona zithunzi zanga za mitundu yayikulu. facebook com / flyfishingsevilla

  4.   Fabian anati

    Liz: Popanda kunyoza mayankho am'mbuyomu pakhoza kukhala zifukwa zingapo, sindikudziwa kuti nsomba zanu ndi zaka zingati koma ngati sizinakwanitse zaka zitatu pali china chake chofunikira kukumbukira chifukwa ndichabwinobwino, onse mu nkhani yodziwika bwino ya carp kapena koi Monga momwe zimakhalira ndi nsomba zagolide pafupifupi mitundu yonse kuyambira kubadwa mpaka pafupifupi. pambuyo pake zaka zake zitatu za moyo, ndipo mwa ine ndekha ambiri ankakonda kutenga mitundu yofiira kapena yalalanje

  5.   Fabian anati

    Zitsanzo za 3, chikaso chimodzi chokhala ndi aketas ndi chakuda chakuda, chimakhala chalalanje kwathunthu, lalanje lokhala ndi zipsepse zakuda lero ndi lalanje kwathunthu, lalanje lokhala ndi mzere wakuda pakati pa thupi, lero lili pafupifupi lakuda kupatula lalanje lamphamvu kuti imasunga pamutu, atatuwo ndi carassius kapena (nsomba zagolide) zamtundu wamba zomwe ndimakonda

  6.   JULY anati

    MONI NDILI NDI 1M D Wautali X 0.40 CN D WAKWAMBA NDI 030 D UFULU WA Nsomba
    NDITHA KUPATSA NKHOSA YA NKHOSA WOYANDIKANA AMANDIPEREKA PAKATI PA NTHAWI YONSE AMADYA NDIPO AMADYA CHAKUDYA CHA PATU

  7.   Patrick anati

    Moni, ndangopanga dziwe la malita 2000 pafupifupi ndipo ndagula 6 carp fish koma kwa sabata lomwe ndakhala nawo adasuntha pang'ono, ndawadyetsa kamodzi patsiku ndi chakudya cha koy. Kodi nkwachibadwa kwa iwo kukhala odekha chonchi? monga chowonjezera mumzinda wanga Santiago de Chile pali madigiri 14 masana ndipo pafupifupi 7 madigiri usiku, tili m'dzinja.

  8.   nkhope anati

    Ndimachokera mumzinda wa bahia blanc kumwera kwa pvcia ya bs, argentina ... funso langa ndilokhudza kudyetsa carp nthawi yachisanu, ndikudziwa kuti m'maiko ngati Spain amawapha ndi kuzizira kwambiri, apa ndayesera Sindinathe kupeza chilichonse ... funso langa ndiloti ngati pali kuthekera kozisodza kapena ndizosatheka, zikomo kwambiri kale

  9.   Ana Lilia anati

    Moni, ndili ndi nsomba ngati yachikaso yomwe amati ndi koi wagolide ndipo ndikufuna kudziwa ngati ikukula kwambiri

  10.   doli anati

    Kodi carp ili ndi majeremusi angati pa chromosome 1?

  11.   Juan anati

    Ndikufuna kudziwa ngati ali ndi nsomba zaku Chile zomwe zikugulitsidwa, zomwe zimapezeka mu damu la Chile

  12.   RAUL RAMOS anati

    Zomwe zitha kuchitika ndikaziika mu dziwe losambira, lili ndi madzi osasunthika kwa zaka 4, ndinayesa PH, ndipo ndiyabwino, anandiuza kuti ndiyike aerator, chifukwa ilibe fyuluta, dziwe pafupifupi malita 5000, ali ndi ochepera theka la Dziwe.

  13.   Lorena anati

    Mmawa wabwino, ndili ndi dziwe lokhala ndi carp wambiri, ndikufunika ndikonzere dziwe kuti ndichotse, ndikufuna malingaliro amtundu wanji wa dziwe lomwe ndingawapeze ndikamakonza dziwe ndi nthawi yayitali bwanji yolimbikitsidwa.

  14.   David bravo morales anati

    Moni, ndikufuna kudziwa ngati nsomba yanga ya koi iwononga mitundu ina ya nsomba chifukwa ndikuti ina mwa nsomba yanga yoyang'ana mkango ikufa ndipo sindikudziwa chifukwa chake. Zikomo

  15.   Denis anati

    Moni, nsomba za carp zimafunikira oxygen

  16.   Denis anati

    Moni, nsomba za carp zimafuna oxygen, nsomba zanga zimasambira kwambiri ndipo pamtunda ndikufuna kudziwa ngati zingafunike kuti zithandizire.

bool (zoona)