Mdierekezi nsomba

Mdierekezi nsomba

Monga nsomba zina zimatsuka m'munsi monga nsomba zopanda mamba kapena nsomba za otocinclus yomwe ndi yotsuka magalasi, lero tibwera kudzalankhula za nsomba ina yomwe imatsuka akasinja a nsomba. Zake za nsomba zamdierekezi. Dzinalo lake lasayansi ndi Hypostomus plecostomus ndipo ndi za dongosolo la ma Siluriformes. Imadziwikanso ndi dzina la nsomba yoyamwa ndere, kuyeretsa magalasi, kuyamwa miyala, kuyamwa magalasi kapena kuyamwa galasi.

Munkhaniyi tikambirana kwambiri pofotokoza za nsombayi ndikudziwitsa anthu za chisamaliro chonse chomwe chimafunikira. Kodi mukufuna kudziwa zambiri za nsomba za satana? Pitilizani kuwerenga 🙂

Makhalidwe apamwamba

Makhalidwe a nsomba za mdierekezi

Mukakhala mwachilengedwe, mutha kuyeza mpaka masentimita 40 m'litali, koma ali mu ukapolo samapitilira 30 sentimita. Thupi lake limakhala lathyathyathya pambali ya dorso-ventral, pomwe kumbuyo kuli arched ndikuphimbidwa ndi mbale zamafupa. Madera akumbuyo ndi kumapeto kwake samaphimbidwa ndi mbale zamathambo.

Gawo lakunja la thupi limakhala lamakona atatu ndipo limathera mozungulira pomwe limakhala ndi caudal peduncle. Mutu, monga dorso-ventral axis, umakhala pansi.

Ponena za kamwa yake, ili kumunsi ndipo ali nayo zina zazing'ono zomwe zimakulolani kumamatira pamagalasi kuchokera ku akasinja a nsomba kutenga chakudya. Amathanso kumamatira pamiyala kuti ayamwe chakudya. Pakamwa pake pamakhala mtundu woyamwa ndipo imagwiranso ntchito kuti izipangire miyala ndi zipika ndipo osakokedwa ikakhala kuti yayenda kale.

Chinsalu choyamba chakumapeto kwake chimakhala chachikulu ngati kuti chinali chaching'ono cha sitima. Yachiwiri ndi yaying'ono poyerekeza ndi yoyamba. Ili ndi mchira wokulirapo mchipilala cha concave. Izi zimathandiza nsomba za mdierekezi kuyenda msanga patali kwambiri kuti athawe adani awo. Kumapeto kwa kumatako ndikocheperako pomwe ma pectoral ndi ma ventral amafanana ndi mafosholo chifukwa chakukula kwawo.

Mtundu, thupi ndi machitidwe

Mtundu ndi khalidwe

Thupi lake ndi lofiirira mopepuka ndimalo ena ozungulira komanso amdima. Mutu ulinso ndi mawanga akuda. Kutengera mitundu, pali mitundu ina yomwe imakhala ndi mdima m'thupi lonse.

Choyeretsera thanki cha nsomba ichi sichikhala ndi masikelo, koma chimateteza thupi lake ndi timabotolo ta ming'alu ndi msana. Mitunduyi imagwiritsidwa ntchito kudziteteza kwa adani kapena ngakhale kumenyana ndi mitundu yofanana. Imakhala ndi moyo wautali kuposa mitundu ina ya nsomba, akubwera kudzakhala zaka 15.

Ponena za khalidwe lake, ndi nsomba usiku. Imakhala yobisika masana. Nthawi zambiri imakhala chete ndipo siyimayambitsa mavuto ndi nsomba zina. Komabe, idzakhala gawo lofanana ndi nsomba zomwe zili pansi komanso zamtundu womwewo.

Mdierekezi nsomba amatha kukhala nthawi yaitali kuchokera m'madzi. Ngakhale muziyenda. Zochitika za nsomba za Mdyerekezi zanenedwa kuti Zatha mpaka maola 14 kuchokera m'madzi.

Amatha kupuma mpweya chifukwa chakumimba kosinthidwa. Ndi yayikulu komanso yopyapyala, choncho ngati nyama ikuyamba kusambira mozungulira, imatha kupuma mpweya.

Mtundu ndi malo okhala

Malo ndi malo ogawa

Nsombazi zimapezeka ku Central ndi South America. Itha kupezeka m'maiko ngati Costa Rica, Uruguay, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador ndi Guyana. Amathanso kupezeka ku Amazon Basin, makamaka mumtsinje wa Orinoco.

Ponena za malo ake achilengedwe, imakonda mitsinje ndi mitsinje yomwe madzi ake amayenda mwachangu mpaka mwachangu. Sachita mantha ndi mafunde amphamvu popeza amatha kugwira pamiyala ndi kamwa yawo yoyamwa. Zitsanzo zomwe zimakhala mumadzi ozizira zalembedwanso.

Kubzala nsomba kwa Mdyerekezi

Kubzala nsomba kwa Mdyerekezi

Mukufikira kukhwima mwa kugonana pomwe ukufika masentimita 30-40 kutalika. Zimatenga pafupifupi chaka kuti akwanitse kukula motere. Pobzala, nsombazi zimakumba timakonde tapamwamba m'makoma momwe dothi limakhala louma kwambiri komanso lofewa. Ndiko komwe amasungira mazira.

Chifukwa cha kuswana uku, zakhala zosatheka kuti iwo aswane mu ukapolo mu thanki ya nsomba. Mzimayi akaikira mazira, amachotsedwa pamimbayo ndi champhongo. Nthawi zina pamakhala kukwiya kwa amuna. Ndipo ndiudindo wanu kusamalira mazira. Palinso nsomba zina, monga dokotala wa opaleshoni, yemwe sali woyang'anira kusamalira ana awo.

Chakudya

Kudyetsa nsomba za mdierekezi

Zakudya zanu Ndizomveka bwino kwambiri, ngakhale amakonda gawo lamasamba kwambiri. Amadziwika ndi kudya ndere zomwe zimakanda pamwamba pamiyala kapena zinthu zina. Komanso imatha kudya nyenyeswa za nsomba zina, ngakhale zitayamba kuwola.

Ndi usiku pamene amachoka m’nyumba zawo kukafunafuna chakudya. Amakonda kumamatira kuzinthu zing'onozing'ono zomwe zili pansi pake kuti achotse mapadiwo ndikudyetsa kuti zipukuse chakudya chawo.

Chisamaliro chofunikira mu ukapolo

Chisamaliro chofunikira

Kwa iwo omwe akufuna kukhala ndi nsomba za mdierekezi mumtsinje wawo wamadzi, muyenera kutsatira mndandanda wina wa chisamaliro. Amagwirizana kwambiri ndi mitundu ina ya nsomba zam'madzi. Samasamala kwambiri nsomba zinazo, popeza amasungidwa munthumba. Ngati mtundu wa mitundu yomweyo ungapezeke, umakhala wankhanza kwambiri. Mufunika malo osambira bwino.

Mukufuna thanki yomwe imatha kunyamula pakati pa 200 ndi 300 malita osachepera. Gawo lapansi liyenera kukhala miyala yolimba ndipo zokongoletsa sizingakulepheretseni kusambira mwakachetechete.

Zinthu zamadzi ziyenera kukhala zamchere, koma zowuma pang'ono. Kutentha kwamadzi kuyenera khalani pakati pa 22 ndi 30 madigiri kotero kuti akhalebe athanzi. Kuberekana m'mitunduyi sikunatheke pamene anali mu ukapolo.

Monga clownfish, imadya ndere ndi zakudya zina zobisika mu gawo lapansi. Imafunikira chakudya cha nsomba zapamtunda ndi masamba kuti ikule bwino.

Ndi izi mutha kusamalira bwino nsomba za satana mumtsuko wanu wa nsomba. Pobweza mutha kukhala pansi pa thankiyo.


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