Akwariyamu bvunzo

Kuedza mvura kwakakosha kune hutano hwehove dzako

Aquarium bvunzo hadzina kungokurudzirwa chete, asi dzinogona kutorwa senge dzinosungirwa kuchengetedza mhando yemvura uye kuona hutano hwehove dzedu. Zvakareruka uye zvakanyanya kukurumidza kushandisa, icho chishandiso chinobatsira vese vanotanga uye nyanzvi mune aquarism.

Muchikamu chino tichaona mimwe mibvunzo inobatsira kwazvo nezveyedzo ye aquarium.semuenzaniso, ndezvipi, zvinoshandiswa sei, zviyero zvipi zvavanoyera ... Uye, sezvinei, tinokurudzira kuti iwe utarisewo ichi chimwe chinyorwa nezve CO2 yemakungwa, chimwe chezvinhu zviripo mumvura chinofanira kudzorwa.

Chii chinonzi aquarium test?

Hove kushambira mune akwariyamu

Chokwadi iwe watoona kare, kana iwe uine aquarium, izvo Hunhu hwemvura hwakakosha kuchengetedza hutano hwehove dzedu. Idzi mhuka dzine hunyanzvi, saka chero shanduko munharaunda yadzo (uye, zviripachena, nharaunda yadzo yepedyo imvura) zvinogona kutungamira kumatambudziko ehutano uye zvakatonyanya mune dzimwe nguva.

Aquarium bvunzo dzinoshandiswa chaizvo izvo, kuitira kuti iwe uzive chero nguva kana mhando yemvura yakanaka. Kuti uzive, iwe unofanirwa kuchengeta nitrite uye ammonia mazinga ari pasi pekutonga, pakati pevamwe. Sezvatichaona, bvunzo dzemakungwa hadziingoitwe kekutanga nguva patinoisa mvura mukati mayo, asi zvakare chikamu chenguva dzese chekuchengetedza kwayo.

Maitiro ekuita aquarium test

Hove dzinonzwisisa chero shanduko iri mumvura

Kunyange zvakadaro mune zvimwe zvitoro zvezvipfuyo ivo vanopa mukana wekuyedza mvura iri mune yako aquarium, pano ticha tarisa pamakiti anokutendera kuti uzviitire bvunzo kumba izvo, nekuda kwezvikonzero zviri pachena, ndizvo zvinogona kukukonzera kusahadzika kukuru, kunyanya kana uri mutsva mu aquarism.

Iko kushanda kweiyo bvunzo kuri nyore, nekuti mazhinji acho ane kutora sampu yemvura. Iyi sampuli yakaiswa ruvara (kungave nemadonhwe kana nekunyika tambo, kana kungokupa iwo manhamba) uye uchafanirwa kuzvienzanisa netafura, inosanganisirwa muchigadzirwa chimwe chete, icho chinokutendera kuti utarise kana iwo maitiro ndizvozvo.

Mhando dzeyedzo ye aquarium

Aquarium bvunzo inotevera kodhi yemavara

Saka, iripo nzira nhatu dzakanaka dzekuita aquarium test, zvinoenderana nerudzi rwekiti: nematanda, nemadonhwe kana nedhijitari chishandiso. Zvese zvinogona kuvimbika zvakaenzana, uye kushandisa imwe kana imwe kunobva pane zvaunofarira, saiti yaunayo kana bhajeti yako.

Zvipenga

Iyo bvunzo ine kitambo chekubvisa zviri nyore kushandisa. Kazhinji, pane zvidimbu zvakati wandei muhombodo imwe neimwe uye mashandiro ayo akareruka zvakanyanya, nekuti inongori kunyura tambo iri mumvura, kuizunza uye kuenzanisa mhedzisiro nehunhu hwakatsanangurwa pabhodhoro. Uye zvakare, mazhinji emhando dzinotengesa iyi mhando yemuyedzo dzinosanganisira chirongwa chaunogona kuchengeta mhedzisiro uye uchivaenzanisa nekuona kushanduka kwemvura mune yako aquarium.

Madonhwe

Miedzo yemvura ndiyo imwe nzira huru yekuongorora mhando yemvura iri mu aquarium yako. Kubva chaipo pabhati ivo vanokanganisa kupfuura mitsetse, nekuti iwo ane akawanda machubhu asina chinhu uye magaba azere nezvinhu. yauri kuenda nayo kuyedza mvura (chimwe chinhu chekuchengeta mupfungwa kana iwe usiri kuda kuti miedzo yacho itore nzvimbo yakawanda). Nekudaro, iko kuvhiya kuri nyore: iwe unongofanirwa kuisa sampuro yemvura ye aquarium mumachubhu uye wedzera iyo mvura kutarisa mamiriro emvura.

Kana iwe ukasarudza uyu muedzo, pamusoro pekuvimbika, ita shuwa kuti inosanganisira masitikita ekuziva chubhu yega yega Uye saka haukanganise netsaona kana uchitora bvunzo.

Digital

Pakupedzisira, dhijitari yemhando bvunzo, pasina mubvunzo, ndiyo yakanyatsojeka pamusika, kunyangwe iwo achiwanzo ari anodhura kwazvo (kunyangwe, zviripachena, zvinogara kwenguva refu). Mashandiro ayo zvakare akareruka, nekuti iwe unongofanirwa kuisa penzura mumvura. Nekudaro, ivo vane dambudziko: kune akawanda mamodheru ayo anongori neiyo PH bvunzo kana kune mamwe akawanda akareruka ma parameter, ayo, kunyangwe ari chaiwo, anosiya zvimwe zvinhu izvo isu zvatingafarire kuyera.

Ndeapi maparamende anodzorwa ne aquarium test?

Hove tsvuku inoshambira kuseri kwegirazi

Mazhinji miedzo ye aquarium Ivo vanosanganisira akateedzana eparameter ekuyera uye ndiwo anoona kana mvura yauinayo mu aquarium yako iri yemhando. Naizvozvo, kana uchitenga iyi bvunzo, ita shuwa kuti vanoyera zvinotevera zvinhu:

Chlorine (CL2)

Chlorine chinhu chinogona kuve zvine chepfu zvinoshamisa yehove uye inotokonzeresa rufu kana isiri mukati meyakaganhurwa parameter. Uye zvakare, yako reverse osmosis membrane inogona kukurirwa uye chakanyanya kushata ndechekuti inogona kuwanikwa munzvimbo dziri padyo semvura yepombi. Chengetedza machlorine macaline mune yako aquarium pa0,001 kusvika 0,003 ppm kuitira kuti mhando yemvura isatambura.

Kuoma (PH)

Yakasimwa aquariums inotevera akasiyana parameter

Isu tambotaura kuti hove hadzi tsigire shanduko mumvura, uye PH muenzaniso wakanaka weizvi. Iyi parameter inoyera acidity yemvura, iyo, kana ikaita chero shanduko diki, inogona kukonzera kushushikana kukuru kune hove dzako. uye kunyange kuvakonzera kufa, zvakashata zvinhu. Izvo zvakakosha kuti uve nemazinga akajeka ePH kunyangwe paunosvika uchibva kuchitoro chechipfuwo: uchafanirwa kujairira hove dzako nekuyera PH yechitoro uye zvishoma nezvishoma uchizviisa kune avo vetangi rako rehove.

Uyewo, acidity yemvura haisi paramende yakatarwa, asi inochinja nekufamba kwenguvaSezvo hove dzinodyisa, dzinokanganisa, zvirimwa zvinove nemhepo ... nekudaro, iwe unofanirwa kuyera PH yemvura iri mune yako aquarium kamwe chete pamwedzi.

El Chikamu chePH chinokurudzirwa mu aquarium chiri pakati pe6,5 ne8.

Kuoma (GH)

Iko kuomarara kwemvura, kunozivikanwawo seGH (kubva kuChirungu general hardness) ndeimwe yeparameter iyo yakanaka aquarium bvunzo inofanira kukubatsira iwe kuenzanisa. Kuoma kunoreva huwandu hwezvicherwa zviri mumvura (kunyanya calcium uye magnesium). Chinhu chakaomesesa nezve paramende iyi ndechekuti zvinoenderana nerudzi rwe aquarium uye nehove dzauinadzo, imwe nhanho kana imwe inokurudzirwa. Iyo zvicherwa zviripo mumvura zvinobatsira kukura kwezvirimwa nemhuka, ndosaka maparameter avo asingakwanise kuve akaderera kana kukwirira zvakanyanya. Iyo yakakurudzirwa, mune yemvura yakachena aquarium, ari mazinga e70 kusvika 140 ppm.

Hove dzinokurumidza kukurirwa

Inotoni nitrite komputa (NO2)

Nitrite ndechimwe chinhu chatinofanira kungwarira nacho, nekuti nhanho dzacho dzinogona kukwira nekuda kwezvikonzero zvakasiyanaSemuenzaniso, neyegiya firita isingashande mushe, nekuve nehove dzakawandisa mu aquarium kana nekuvadyisa zvakawandisa. Nitrite zvakare inonetsa kudzikisira, nekuti inongowanikwa kuburikidza neshanduko yemvura. Izvo zvakajairika kuwana yakakwira nitrite mazinga munzvimbo nyowani dzemvura, asi mushure mekuchovha bhasikoro vanofanirwa kuenda pasi. Muchokwadi, iyo nitrite mazinga anofanirwa kugara ari pa0 ppm, sezvo kunyangwe idiki se 0,75 ppm inogona kunetsa hove.

Chikonzero chealgae (NO3)

NO3 zvakare inozivikanwa se nitrate, zita rakafanana chaizvo ne nitrite, uye zviripo zvinhu zviviri zvine hukama hwepedyo kune mumwe nemumwe., sezvo nitrate iri mhedzisiro yenititi. Neraki, iyo yakanyanya kushoma chepfu pane nitrite, kunyangwe iwe uchifanirawo kutarisa mwero wayo mumvura kuti usarasikirwe nehunhu, nekuti, sePH, NO3 inoonekwawo, semuenzaniso, nekuda kwekuora kweiyo algae. Akanaka nitrate mazinga mumvura yakachena emvura akadzika ari pasi pe20 mg / L.

PH kugadzikana (KH)

Ihove iri mune yemvura yemunyu

KH inoyera huwandu hwemabhonati uye bicarbonate mumvuraMune mamwe mazwi, zvinobatsira kudzikamisa asidhi sezvo PH isingachinje nekukurumidza. Kupesana nemamwe ma parameter, iyo yakakwira iyo KH yemvura, iri nani, nekuti zvinoreva kuti pane mukana mushoma wekuti PH inoshanduka nekukasira. Nekudaro, mune emvura yakachena emvura emvura iyo yakakurudzirwa KH chiyero ndeye 70-140 ppm.

Carbon dioxide (CO2)

Chimwe chezvinhu zvakakosha zvekupona kwegungwa (kunyanya mune zvakasimwa) iri CO2, zvakakosha kuti zvirimwa zvikwanise kuita photosynthesis, kunyangwe zvine chepfu kuhove pamazinga akanyanya kukwirisa. Kunyangwe iyo yakakurudzirwa kusanganiswa kwe CO2 ichaenderana nezvakawanda zvinhu (semuenzaniso, kana uine zvirimwa kana kwete, huwandu de peces…) avhareji inokurudzirwa i15 kusvika 30 mg parita.

Iwe kangani iwe unofanirwa kuyedza iyo aquarium?

Zvakawanda de peces kushambira mu aquarium

Sezvo iwe waona mune zvese zvinyorwa, zvakakosha kuita bvunzo yemvura ye aquarium nguva zhinji, kunyange hazvo zvese zvichitsamira pane chiitiko chauinacho pamusoro penyaya. Kune vanotanga, semuenzaniso, zvinokurudzirwa kuyedza mvura mazuva maviri kana matatu ese, sekunge wapedza kuchovha bhasikoro remvura nyowani, nepo kune nyanzvi bvunzo inogona kuwedzerwa kamwechete pasvondo, mazuva gumi nemashanu kana kunyange mwedzi.

Akanakisa Akwariyamu Bvunzo Brands

Kunyange zvakadaro kune akawanda mayedzo e aquarium pamusikaIzvo zvakakosha kusarudza imwe yakanaka uye yakavimbika, kana zvikasadaro inotibatsira zvishoma. Mupfungwa iyi, mhando mbiri dzinoonekera:

tetra

Kutengesa Tetra Bvunzo 6in1- Bvunzo ...

Tetra ndeimwe yemhando dzakagara dziripo munyika ye aquarism. Yakavambwa muna 1950 kuGerman, inomira kwete kwete chete kune ayo akanaka mabhureki ekuyedza akwariyamu uye mvura yemadziva, asiwo yezvakasiyana zvigadzirwa zvinosanganisira mapampu, kushongedzwa, chikafu ...

JBL

Kutengesa JBL Proaqua Bvunzo Nyore 7 ...

Chimwe chiratidzo cheGerman chakakurumbira uye kuvimbika, icho chakatanga muna 1960 mune diki nyanzvi chitoro. Iyo JBL aquarium bvunzo yakakwenenzverwa kwazvo uye, kunyangwe iine yavo yekumavara modhi, yavo chaiyo hunyanzvi iri mune yekudonha bvunzo., pavari vane akati wandei akakwana mapakeji, uye kunyangwe ekutsiva mabhodhoro.

Kwokutenga zvakachipa aquarium bvunzo

Unogona sei kufungidzira aquarium bvunzo dzinowanikwa kunyanya mune nyanzvi zvitoro, sezvo vasiri generalist zvakakwana chigadzirwa kuti chiwanikwe chero kupi.

  • Nekudaro, iyo nzvimbo iyo iwe yaungangowana iwe yakanyanya dzakasiyana siyana bvunzo kuyera mhando yemvura iri mune yako aquarium irimo Amazon, uko kune mitsetse yekuyedza, madonhwe uye manhamba ekupa nekutengesa, kunyangwe iwo huwandu hwakawandisa hwezvigadzirwa zvinogona kunge zvichinetsa, kunyanya kana iwe uri newbie mundima iyi.
  • Kune rimwe divi, mukati zvitoro zvakasarudzika senge Kiwoko kana TiendaAnimal Iwe haugone kuwana zvakawanda zvakasiyana senge paAmazon, asi iwo mabhenji avanotengesa akavimbika. Muzvitoro izvi unogona kuwana zvese mapakeji uye mabhodhoro asina tsarukano, uye zvakare uine zano remunhu.

Isu tinovimba ichi chinyorwa pane aquarium test chakubatsira iwe kupinda munyika ino inonakidza. Tiudze, unoyera sei mhando yemvura iri mu aquarium yako? Iwe unofarira bvunzo nematanda, nemadonhwe kana dhijitari? Pane here chiratidzo chaunonyanya kukurudzira?


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