Ama-Aquaponics

ama-aquaponics

La ama-aquaponics Luhlelo oluhlanganisa izici zesiko lenhlanzi lisuka endleleni yendabuko ye-aquaculture namasiko we-hydroponic. Isiko le-hydroponic ngesinye lapho izitshalo zikhula khona ngaphandle kwanoma yiluphi uhlobo lwe-substrate. Amanzi anenani elikhulu lezakhi ezincibilikisiwe asetshenziselwa lokhu. Le ndlela isiza ukuthuthukisa imvelo yezinhlanzi nezitshalo.

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela ukuthi yini i-aquaponics nokuthi yiziphi izici zayo eziyinhloko.

Yini ama-aquaponics

ama-aquaponics ezimboni

Luhlelo olusimeme olukwazi ukukhiqiza kanyekanye izitshalo nezinhlanzi ngasikhathi sinye. ukuhlanganisa izici zasemanzini yendabuko namasiko we-hydroponic. Lezi zinto ezimbili zibalulekile ukuze sikwazi ukukhulisa izilwane zasemanzini nokukhulisa izitshalo. Imfucuza evela ekufuyeni izinhlanzi inganqwabelana emanzini futhi isebenzise amasistimu avaliwe angaphinda abuyise izinhlelo zendabuko zasemanzini.

Yize amanzi acebile angcolile angaba nobuthi ezilwaneni ezithile, akunakuphikwa ukuthi iyingxenye ebalulekile ekukhuleni kwezitshalo. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi amachaphazelo anothe ngezakhamzimba ezidinga izitshalo ukuthi zikwazi ukukhula kahle.

Isebenza kanjani

izinhlelo ze-aquaponics

I-Aquaponics isebenza ngezinto ezahlukahlukene noma ama-subsystems. Ake sibheke ukuthi iziphi izinto ezisungulwe kulo mkhuba:

  • Ithangi lokuzala: yindawo lapho izinhlanzi zondla futhi zikhule khona. yena njengendawo yayo encane yokuthuthuka kwayo.
  • Ukususwa okuqinile: Iyunithi ekhonza ukuqeda ukudla okufakwa inhlanzi futhi iqoqe izinsalela ezinhle kakhulu. Lapha i-biofilm ivame ukwenziwa ebusweni bamanzi.
  • Isihlungi se-Bio: Njengakuzo zonke izindawo zasemanzini, amabhaktheriya e-nitrification ayadingeka. Lawa mabhaktheriya anesibopho sokuguqula i-ammonia ibe ama-nitrate afakwa yizitshalo.
  • Izinhlelo ezingaphansi kwe-Hydroponic: yingxenye yohlelo lonke lapho izitshalo zingakhula khona ngokumunca izakhamzimba emanzini. Kulokhu alukho uhlobo lwe-substrate. Ngamanzi anezakhi zomzimba enza ukuthi isitshalo sikwazi ukukhula.
  • I-Sump: kuyingxenye ephansi kunazo zonke zanoma yiluphi uhlelo lwe-hydroponic. Le yingxenye lapho amanzi egeleza khona bese eqhutshwa abuyele emathangini okukhulisa.

Yini edingekayo ukwenza ama-aquaponics

Ukuze ukwazi ukwenza ama-aquaponics udinga into ebaluleke kakhulu. Konke kumayelana ne-nitrification. I-Nitrification ukuguqulwa kwe-aerobic kwe-ammonia kuya kuma-nitrate. Ama-nitrate yilabo ababhekene nokunciphisa ubuthi bamanzi ezinhlanzi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ama-nitrate avelayo aqedwa yisitshalo futhi asetshenziselwe ukondleka kwaso. Inhlanzi ingahlala ichithe i-ammonia njengomkhiqizo we-metabolism yayo.

Iningi lale ammonia lidinga ukuhlungwa, ngoba ukuminyana kwalo okuphezulu kungabulala izinhlanzi. Lokhu kwenza i-aquaponics isebenzise amandla webhaktheriya ukuwaguqula abe ezinye izingxenye ze-nitrogenous.

Ukuze wenze i-aquaponics udinga uhlelo lwe-aquaponic olwakhiwe ngokulandelana ngezinhlelo ezimbili ezingaphansi. Lezi izi:

  • Izitshalo ezikhulayo ku-hydroponics.
  • Ukufuya izinhlanzi ethangini lezinhlanzi kusetshenziswa i-aquaculture.

Ungayenza kanjani i-aquaponics ekhaya

Kunabantu abaningi abafuna ukwenza ama-aquaponics ekhaya. Kufanele bazi ukuthi badinga izinto ezithile ezidingekayo ukuze bakwenze. Lezi zinto zimi kanje:

  • Ithebula lokulima
  • Amathangi amabili amanzi
  • Iphampu yomthombo wamanzi
  • Amanzi
  • Izimila
  • Inhlanzi
  • Isiphon yangasese
  • U-Arlita

Into yokuqala ukubeka ithangi etafuleni lokukhula. Ungenza imbobo elingana nesiphon sanitary futhi singayibeka phakathi kwetafula nethangi. Ithangi kufanele libekwe ngaphansi kwe-aquarium bese sibeka ipompo lamanzi elizokhuphukela endaweni lapho izitshalo zizobekwa khona. Okulandelayo, sibeka ithubhu nezimbobo ukuvikela i-siphon etsheni lobumba. Ubumba kufanele lugezwe.

Sifaka isitshalo ebhodweni lobumba bese sisigcwalisa ngamanzi ukuze siqale ukuhlunga. Izinhlanzi ngeke zibekwe cishe amasonto amathathu, lapho uhlelo seluvele lusebenza futhi kukhona ikoloni lamagciwane. Masingakhohlwa ukuthi amabhaktheriya anesibopho sokuguqula i-ammonia, umkhiqizo wemfucumfucu wezinhlanzi ngenxa yomzimba wawo, ube yi-nitrate isitshalo esisebenzisa njengezakhi zomzimba. Leli ibhalansi eqhubekayo okumele i-aquaponics ibe nayo.

Izinzuzo

Njengoba kulindelwe, lo mkhuba unokushoda okukhulu, izinzuzo zezomnotho nezokukhiqiza. Sizohlaziya ukuthi yiziphi izinzuzo ze-aquaponics.

  • Isivuno siphakeme kunokutshalwa kwe-hydroponic futhi lokho kuhlinzekwa yindabuko yasemanzini. Ukuze lokhu kusebenza kube phezulu, kufanele kuqiniswe kuqala.
  • Akukho ukungcola okusalile kwanoma yiluphi uhlobo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukusetshenziswa kwamanzi kuncane uma sikuqhathanisa nezinye izinhlelo zezolimo. Lokhu kungenxa yohlelo lwayo lokuphindaphinda. UTan uyazi ukugcwalisa amanzi alahlekile ngokuhwamuka.
  • Akudingekile ukusebenzisa izixazululo zezakhi njengakuma-hydroponics. Futhi akudingeki ukuthi kungcoliswe noma kusetshenziswe umanyolo obizayo njengokulima okuvamile. Ngokuya ngohlobo oluthile lokwakheka amanzi analo kwezinye izindawo, kuyadingeka ukwengeza ezinye izakhi zomnqumo ezifana ne-iron, calcium ne-potassium. Isistimu kwesinye isikhathi ayizikhiqizi ngokuzimela lezi zinto zokulandela ngomkhondo ngokwanele.
  • Izinhlanzi ezikhiqizwayo ziphilile kunalezo ezikhuliswe emanzini nasemanzini futhi umthamo wokukhiqiza uphakeme. Akudingekile futhi ukuphatha imfucuza yezinhlanzi njengakwezinye izinqubo zendabuko zasemanzini. Futhi azixoshwa olwandle noma ezifundweni zamanzi ahlanzekile futhi kuvimbela ukukhishwa kwamanzi.
  • Singakhiqiza imifino nezinhlanzi zekhwalithi efanelekile esikhaleni esifanayo.
  • Inokumelana okukhulu nezinambuzane nezifo.

Amaphrojekthi we-Industrial aquaponics

Iphrojekthi ye-aquaponics yezimboni enkulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni yenzeka eChina. Inamahektha angaphezu kwangu-4 futhi isebenzisa ubuchwepheshe obusha ngokuhlanganiswa noqalo oludala. Isetshenziselwa ukusebenzisa izivivinyo zokutshala ilayisi emachibini ezinhlanzi nokunikeza isisekelo sokwengeza zonke izitshalo zomhlaba zendabuko. Kukhona nomzamo wokubuyisa ngokwemvelo izakhi ezithile zomsoco emhlabeni.

Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi ngama-aquaponics.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.