I-Ancistrus

I-Ancistrus ethangini lezinhlanzi

I-Ancistrus uhlobo lwezinhlanzi zasemanzini angenasawoti okungezomndeni I-Loricariidae kusukela ku-oda lama-Siluriformes. Lezi izinhlanzi ezingabaphikisi bezimali ze-aquarium. Zinezici ze-morphological okuthi, yize ekuqaleni zingadonsi amehlo, zigcina ziyinkosi yezizinda ze-aquarium.

Inokutholakala kanye neqembu elikhulu lezinhlobo ezikwenza kwaziwe kahle. Ngabe ufuna ukwazi lolu hlobo lwezinhlanzi ngokujula? Lapha sizokutshela yonke i-biology yabo nokunakekelwa okudingekayo kokuyigcina.

Izici eziyinhloko

Izinhlobo ze-Ancistrus

Kuyiqiniso ukuthi njengezinhlanzi ezingezansi ze-aquarium, banendawo yabo ebekiwe khaldoras. Kodwa-ke, ama-ancistrus angabalingani abafanele. Ngenye yezindlela ezingcono kakhulu uma sifuna ukunika impilo ithangi lethu lezinhlanzi. Ngokuvamile, izindawo eziphansi kakhulu nezicashile ze-aquarium yizona ezihlupheka kakhulu futhi ezidabukisa kakhulu. Kodwa-ke, lezi zinhlanzi zilungele ukuzulazula kulezi zindawo nokukhulisa ubuhle be-aquarium.

Kumele kuqashelwe ukuthi umzimba wakhe wonke umbozwe amapuleti amathambo, ngaphandle kwesisu. Lokhu kwenza ukuthi kucace, ngoba alukho olunye uhlobo lwezinhlanzi olunezici ezifanayo. Inenkomishi yokudonsa ekwazi ukunamathela ezintweni ezahlukahlukene. Iyisebenzisela ukuncela ukudla noma ukukhipha i-cellulose ezinkuni ezitholakele.

Ngokuphathelene nosayizi wabo, abesilisa bavame ukufinyelela ubude obungamasentimitha ayi-15. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, abesifazane bathola kuphela ukukala u-10 cm. Ngaphandle kosayizi, abesilisa nabesifazane banokunye okuphawulekayo. Indoda inamanye ama-barbel noma ama-tentacles ngaphezulu kwempumulo. Babizwa ngama-odontoid. Kodwa-ke, kwabesifazane lolu hlu lwesici alutholakali. Kunezinhlobo ezithile zezinhlobo zezinsikazi ezinamatende, kepha zitholakala onqenqemeni lwempumulo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, usayizi wazo mncane kakhulu kunowesilisa.

Indawo nendawo okusatshalaliswa kuyo

I-Ancitrus

Le nhlanzi inomsuka wayo esitsheni se- I-Amazon nasemifuleni ehlukene yeNingizimu Melika. Indawo ethandwa kakhulu yilowo mfula one oxygenation enkulu. Lezi zindawo zinenqwaba yolwelwe olwenza i-photosynthesis ngakho-ke zine-oxygenation ephezulu. Kepha futhi banezindawo ezinamanani amaningi okubola kwezinto eziphilayo.

Ezindaweni lapho le nhlanzi ihlala khona, kukhona ubukhona obuqinile bama-tannins. Yize kungavamile ukuthi kuvame, kunezinhlobo ezithile zalolu hlobo ezikhetha amanzi acwebile.

I-aquarium efanelekayo

I-Ancistrus enezitshalo ezingemuva

Ukuze lezi zinhlanzi zihlale ezimweni ezinhle, i-aquarium kufanele ihlangabezane nezici ezithile. Into yokuqala okufanele uyicabangele ngosayizi wethangi. Kumele kube yini likhulu ngokwanele ukubamba amalitha angama-80 amanzi ikhophi ngalinye. Uma ivolumu incane, ngeke ikwazi ukuthuthukisa ngokuphelele usayizi wayo noma ikhombise ukusebenza kwayo.

Lezi zinhlobo ziyindawo, ngakho-ke kubalulekile ukuthi i-aquarium ichaze izindawo ezahlukahlukene lapho izinhlanzi zizoba khona. Izindawo zokucasha ziyadingeka kubo nakwezinye izinhlobo. Ngale ndlela bangakwazi ukwenza amakoloni izingxenye ezihlukene ze-aquarium njengoba kudingeka.

Esimweni lapho ufuna ukuba ne-ancistrus noma ngaphezulu, i-aquarium kufanele ibe nkulu ngosayizi. Kuyadingeka ukuze kungabikho mpi phakathi kwabesilisa futhi ngamunye amaka indawo yakhe. Ukuhlunga okuhle kuyadingeka ukuze i-aquarium ibe nemisinga eqhubekayo ne-oxygenation enhle. Ngale ndlela, indawo yokuhlala yemvelo ye-ancistrus ingaphinde yenziwe kabusha.

Njengoba sishilo ngaphambili, i-ancistrus imunca i-cellulose ngokhuni. Ngakho-ke, kubalulekile ukuthi kunezinkuni ethangini lezinhlanzi.

Ngokuqondene ne-substrate, kungcono ukuba mncane impela ukugwema ukusikeka okungenzeka. Kufanele ucabange ukuthi lezi zinhlanzi zizobe zizungeza phansi kwethangi. Ngenxa yalokhu, ukushayisana nemiphetho yamatshe kungabalimaza.

Ukuhlunga kufanele kukwazi ukumelana nomthwalo osindayo kadoti wemvelo okhiqizwa yizinhlanzi. Ngokufanelekile, uhlobo olukhulu lokuhlunga.

Izitshalo ku-aquarium

Ancistrus ngokhuni

Akunconyelwa ukuthi i-aquarium itshalwe ngolunye ulwelwe lwangempela. Lezi zinhlanzi zingaba nzima kakhulu futhi zigcine seziphule zonke iziqu noma zidliwe. I-ancistrus icekela phansi yonke indawo lapho idlula khona. Lokhu kusisiza ukuthi sazi ukuthi akufanele sibe nezinto zokuphotha noma izitshalo eziphazamisa ukusebenza kwemisinga yamanzi.

Kulezi zinhlanzi bathanda izindawo ezinomthunzi. Umqondo omuhle wokutshala ukuthi ube nezitshalo ezinamakhasi abanzi njenge-anubias enkulu, i-echinodorus, ne-cryptocoryne. Lokhu kuzokunikeza izindawo ezinomthunzi wokufihla nokwakha indawo.

Ukudla

Izidingo zalo zokudla okunempilo zilula kakhulu ukuzinakekela. Ingaphakelwa ngamaphilisi athile wangemuva wokuhweba, yize kungcono ukuwanika ukudla okuhlukahlukene kwezithelo nemifino. Njengenjwayelo, okungokwemvelo kungcono kunokuzenzela. Uma siyondla ngendlela enempilo futhi elinganiselayo, i-ancistrus yethu izokhula ngombala okhangayo nempilo engcono.

Lapho sisebancane, kuvame ukuba nezinkinga ngokondla. Kulokhu, gazinga nakho kudliwe izithelo nemifino. Anganikezwa ukudla okubandayo nokudla ukuze andise ukudla kwakhe kwamaprotheni.

Ukuzala

Intsha nokuzala

Ukuzalela lezi zinhlanzi ekuthunjweni kulula kakhulu. Abesilisa yibona abaphethe ukunakekela amaphuphu ngemuva kokubekwa kwezinsikazi. Lapho isikhwama sabo se-yolk siphuka futhi bekwazi ukuhlala bodwa, owesilisa uyeka ukubanakekela.

Ukuze abesifazane bakwazi ukwenza inani elikhulu lokuzala futhi ngekhwalithi engcono kufanele sithathe i-ancistrus eyodwa siye e-aquarium ehlukile. I-aquarium kumele ibe nomthamo wamanzi wamalitha ayi-120 futhi ibe nezinkuni eziningi. Ukubenza baphephe, bafake endaweni yokukhosela lapho bezizwa bezolile khona.

Uma nathi sine- ama-aquariums amakhulu angaphezu kwamalitha angama-300 amanzi singagcina abesilisa ababili nowesifazane oyedwa noma ngaphezulu. Ngakho-ke, owesilisa ngamunye uzokhetha futhi amake uhlangothi olulodwa lwe-aquarium njengensimu. Insikazi izokwazi ukubeka amaqanda nabesilisa bobabili futhi ibe nokuhlangana okuningi ngasikhathi sinye.

Ngalolu lwazi ungaba ne-ancistrus yakho isesimweni esihle.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.