IGambario

intaba yokugembula

Njengoba nje kukhona ama-aquariums ezinhlanzi, kukhona nama-aquariums ama-prawn. Kulokhu ibizwa ngokuthi imfanzi. Okuvame kakhulu ukuthi ekugembario akwenzeki kwesinye isikhathi ngezizathu ezahlukahlukene. Isizathu esaziwa kakhulu ukuthi izinhlanzi eziningi zidla imfanzi ngakho-ke asikwazanga ukuzigcina kahle. Kunezinhlobo eziningi zezimfanzi futhi ngayinye inezici zayo ezihlukile.

Ngakho-ke, sizonikezela le ndatshana ukukutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nemfanzi nezici zayo.

Imfanzi enhle kakhulu

Yini imfanzi

I-prawn yi-aquarium ekhethekile esetshenziselwa ukukhulisa nokugcina ama-prawn. Iningi lama-prawn alethwe ku-aquarium angumphumela wokuxubaniswa kwezinhlobo eziningana, futhi imibala ekhanyayo ibenza bahehe. Ngokwemvelo, umbala wama-prawn ungabasiza ukuzifihla, kepha hhayi ezindaweni zasemanzini. Lesi simo sidala ukuthi izinhlanzi zibahluphe njalo, ukuthi zihlala zifihliwe futhi zinengcindezi, futhi ngeke sikwazi ukujabulela ukuba khona kwazo.

Futhi, uma sikwazi ukuzala ngaphansi kwezimo ezinhle kakhulu, izinhlanzi ezisencane zizodliwa yizinhlanzi.

Yiziphi izinhlanzi ezilungele imfanzi

izitshalo zasemanzini

Nokho, zikhona ezinye izinhlobo de peces ezifanele i-gambario. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi ukhetha luphi uhlobo lwezinhlanzi, kubalulekile ukuthi lapho ukhetha izinhlanzi ozozibeka ku-aquarium efanayo, kufanele ucabange ukuthi lokhu akufanele kube kukhulu kakhulu noma kube nolaka. Isibonelo, ungakhetha isampula yezinhlobo zeGalaxia microrasbora, ngoba umbala wayo unikeza imfanzi impilo eningi, noma ungakhetha inhlanzi yezinhlobo ezingapheli zomndeni wakwaGuppy.

Vele, isimo esihle ukuhlukanisa abesifazane ngoba bakhulu kunabesilisa. Futhi, kufanele wazi ukuthi uma ufaka lezi zinhlanzi ku-aquarium yakho, imidumba yakho ngeke iphephe ngo-100%. Uma zingadli kakhulu, ungethula nezinhlanzi. Lokhu kunjalo nge-otocinclus, ancistrus ne-pletoscomus. Izinhlobo UGyrinocheilus aymoniere Kuyadla futhi, kepha kungakhula kufike ku-15 cm, ngakho-ke kunconywa kuphela ama-aquariums amakhulu. Okokugcina, sithanda ukuphawula ukuthi izinhlanzi ezingaphezulu nazo ziyafaneleka ngoba yize zingama-omnivores, azabelani ngendawo nama-prawn asenkabeni naphansi kwe-aquarium. Ngakho-ke, zingaba umqondo omuhle wemfanzi.

Yimaphi amazinga okushisa adingekayo ama-prawn?

ama-prawn ku-aquarium

Yize ama-prawn amaningi elungile ekamelweni lokushisa, kungcono ukufaka i-heater kuwo gcina izinga lokushisa elizinzile lama-degree angama-24 kuye kwangama-26. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi amakamelo amaningi abhekana nezinguquko zokushisa emini (umehluko phakathi kwemini nobusuku, ukuvulwa komnyango, njll.). Lokhu kushiyana kuthinta nokushisa kwe-aquarium, futhi uma umehluko mkhulu kakhulu, ungadala izinkinga. Ngemuva kwakho konke, izimfanzi aziphenduli kahle ekuguqukeni okungazelelwe emvelweni.

Ungakwazi yini ukuthola imfanzi ezokwazi ukuzimela?

Imfanzi ingakwazi ukuzimela futhi inazo zonke izesekeli ezidingekayo. Ukuze wenze lokhu, kubalulekile ukuthola izihlungi ze-substrate, i-heater, ukudla ngokuqhubekayo, i-thermometer yokushisa nokulungisa izinga lokushisa, njll. Ezinye izesekeli ezibalulekile ukuvivinywa kwezimfanzi okusisiza ukuthi sibone ukuthi ngabe konke okuguqukayo okusesimweni, imitha le-TDS nomhlobiso ukukulungisa ngendlela esithanda ngayo.

Umhlahlandlela wokugibela imfanzi

imfanzi

Njengoba sishilo ngaphambili, kumele sibe nazo zonke izesekeli ezidingekayo ukuze imfanzi isebenze ezimweni ezinhle. Ngakho-ke, sizofingqa zonke izici okufanele sizicabangele:

Tamaño

Imvamisa, lapho sikhuluma ngama-aquariums kuthiwa "the great the better", okusebenza kakhulu ekutshalweni kwama-prawn kunezinye izinhlobo eziningi. Kukhula kangcono. Noma ungaqala ukukhulisa ama-prawn ku-aquarium engu-15 noma engama-20, Kunconywa ukuthi uqale ngethangi lenhlanzi elikhudlwana. Ukuqala ngezincwadi ezingama-40, uzoba nesikhala esanele ukugcina ama-prawn, futhi kuzoba lula kakhulu ukuxazulula amaphutha aqala ukwenziwa ngabaqalayo.

Indawo

Njengoba sishilo phambilini, ama-prawn awaphikisi kahle ekuguqukeni kwemvelo, ngakho-ke kuyadingeka ukuqinisekisa indawo lapho ukwehla kwezinga lokushisa komoya kanye nokuqubuka kwelanga akukhona okungazelelwe kakhulu. Igumbi elingenakho okusalungiswa okuningi futhi elinokukhanya okuzinzile lingaphezu kokwanele ukubeka imfanzi.

Ukuthumela okungaphansi

I-substrate ngesinye isici okufanele sicatshangelwe ukugcina ama-prawn asempilweni ephelele futhi abanikeze umbala omuhle kakhulu. Ungakhetha noma yimuphi umbala we-substrate, kepha abalimi abaningi bezimfanzi bayavuma ukuthi umbala omnyama umbala omnyama. Kwenza izimfanzi nezitshalo zigqame ukwedlula noma yimuphi omunye umbala. Kunezinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zamadili abo:

  • Amatshe noma isihlabathi- Uma usaqala futhi uhlela ukusebenzisa izitshalo ezingafuni kakhulu, ukudweba okumnyama kuzoba yisinqumo esihle kuwe. Izogcina kalula ama-prawn ngaphandle kwebhokisi.
  • I-substrate yobumba: Kukhona i-substrate yobumba, kanti i-substrate yobumba esetshenziswa ama-prawn inamandla 'okudambisa'. Lokhu kusho ukuthi bangakusiza ukuthi ugcine i-pH ephansi namanzi athambile, izinhlobo eziningi zama-prawns azithandayo, ikakhulukazi ezikhethiwe njengeCaledins. Zibuye zikhuthaze ukukhula kwezitshalo ngoba zicebile ngomsoco.

Isiphi isihlungi okufanele usisebenzise kwimfanzi

Yonke i-aquarium idinga isihlungi, uma ufuna ukunakekela ama-prawn akho futhi uthole imiphumela emihle, isihlungi esihle sibalulekile. Isihlungi asisusi kuphela imfucumfucu entantayo, futhi siyikhaya lamagciwane abalulekile asizayo, okuvumela i-aquarium yakho ukuba ikhule ibe yisistimu enempilo. Kunezinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zezihlungi zemfanzi, ngayinye inezinzuzo nezinkinga zayo. Uhlobo lokuhlunga okufanele ulukhethe lincike kumalitha we-aquarium yakho. Okubaluleke kakhulu, isihlungi siphephile kuma-aquarium shrimp.

  • Isihlungi se-Sponge: intandokazi yabalimi bezimfanzi abaqeqeshiwe kakhulu. Isihlungi sesipanji sithambile kakhulu futhi siphephe ngo-100% kuma-prawn. Zigijima emoyeni futhi zigijimela amaphampu omoya. Uma i-aquarium yakho inkulu kunamalitha angama-30, ungahle udinge ukukhetha okuthile okukhulu.
  • Isihlungi sangaphakathi: inketho yokuhlunga ethandwa kakhulu wabaqalayo.
  • Isihlungi sojosaka- Uma ungafuni ukufaka isihlungi esibi e-aquarium, lokhu kuphelele - Njengoba igama liphakamisa, ungilengisa ngemuva. Imunca amanzi ngepayipi lokungena, idlule egumbini lokuhlunga, bese ibuyisela amanzi ethangini ngohlelo lokugeleza. Uma ufuna ukusebenzisa eyodwa yazo, uzodinga isivikeli sokuhlunga, ngaphandle kwalokho uzohlanza ngephutha ama-prawn.
  • Izihlungi zangaphandle- Uma ufuna ikhwalithi enhle yamanzi, lokhu kuyindlela engcono kakhulu ngoba mikhulu futhi inendawo eningi yokuhlunga izinto. Yize kunezihlungi zangaphandle ze- ama-nano aquariums. Lolu hlobo lwesihlungi lunconyelwa ama-aquariums angaphezu kwamalitha angama-60.

I-Iluminación

Ukukhanyisa kubalulekile. Iningi lezimfanzi linokukhanyisa kwe-LED ngemibala ehlukene. Kuzoba khona amamodeli akuvumela ukuthi uguqule imibala namandla. Lokhu kushiyelwa ukunambitheka komthengi.

Iziphi izitshalo engingazifaka ku-shrimp?

izesekeli zezimfanzi

Yize abanye abalimi bezimfanzi bethanda ukugcina imfanzi ingenalutho kangako ukuze ibonakale kalula, ungahle udinge umhlobiso ekusethweni. Izimfanzi zakho zizokuthanda nalokhu, njengoba kuyizilwane lokho bathanda ukuba nezindawo eziningi zokucasha. Lokhu kuyiqiniso ikakhulukazi lapho besanda kuchitha isikhumba sabo, ngoba kubenza babe sengozini futhi bafuna ukucasha kuze kube yilapho isikhumba sabo esisha siqina.

Enye indlela yokuhlanganisa ukuhlobisa nokusebenza ukusebenzisa izitshalo eziningi zemvelo nobulembu. I-biofilm ikhula emaqabungeni, okwenza isitshalo sibe yindawo yokudla eyinhloko yezimfanzi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, izitshalo zisiza ekuqiniseni ikhwalithi yamanzi ngokumunca imfucumfucu enobungozi nokuguqula i-aquarium yakho ibe yindawo enhle yemvelo.

Sizoklelisa ezinye zezinhlobo eziyinhloko zokutshala ezinconyelwe izimfanzi:

  • Ubulembu beJava (I-Vesicularia dubyana)
  • Ubusika bukaKhisimusi (I-Vesicularia montagnei)
  • Ubulembu baseTaiwan (I-taxiphyllum alternans)
  • IPhoenix Moss (I-Fissidens fontanus)
  • I-Flame Moss (i-Taxiphyllum sp.)
  • Ulethisi Wamanzi (USalvinia wacasuka)
  • I-Duckweed (Spirodella intermedia)
  • I-Java fern (I-Microsorum pteropus)
  • I-Foxtail ne-Water Millefeuille
  • AmaNajas (i-guadalupensis)
  • URiccia (URiccia fluitans)
  • I-Pellia (I-Monosolenium tenerum)

Ungathenga kuphi ikitrimp kit

Kunezindawo eziningi kwi-inthanethi nezitolo zomzimba lapho ungathenga khona imfanzi yakho. Noma kunjalo, lezi zindawo zinconywa kakhulu:

  • Ama-Amazon: E-Amazon ngeke uthole kuphela imfanzi efaneleke kakhulu yesitayela sakho, kodwa futhi nazo zonke izesekeli ezidingekayo ukuze isebenze kahle. Ngaphezu kwalokho, inokukhululeka kokuthatha yonke into iye ekhaya futhi ingumkhiqizo wekhwalithi. Ungabona imibono yabanye abathengi ukuze ubone ukuthi iyiphi imodeli ekufanele kakhulu.
  • Indawo yokuhlala: Yize kuyisitolo esikhethekile ezintuthwaneni, futhi zinikela ngezinhlobo ezithile zezimfanzi nezinhlobo ezithile zezimfanzi ezingachuma kule mvelo yokufakelwa.
  • Kiwok: Kuyisitolo se-quintessential sezilwane ezihambisanayo nezilwane ezifuywayo. Inesitolo esingokomzimba nesiku-inthanethi futhi bona ngokwabo bancoma ukuthi yini evumelana nezimo zakho. Amanani ayahluka ngokuya ngemodeli futhi iwaranti inhle impela.

Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi nge-gambario, izici zayo nokuthi yini okudingeka ube nayo.


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.