Ukuhlolwa kwe-Aquarium

Ukuhlola amanzi kubalulekile empilweni yenhlanzi yakho

Ukuhlolwa kwe-aquarium akukhuthazwa kuphela, kepha kungathathwa njengokuphoqelekile ukugcina ikhwalithi yamanzi nokuqinisekisa impilo yezinhlanzi zethu. Ilula futhi ishesha kakhulu ukuyisebenzisa, iyithuluzi elisiza abaqalayo kanye nabachwepheshe be-aquarism.

Kulesi sihloko sizobona eminye yemibuzo ewusizo kakhulu mayelana nokuhlolwa kwe-aquarium., ngokwesibonelo, enzelwe ini, asetshenziswa kanjani, alinganisa maphi amapharamitha ... I-CO2 yama-aquariums, enye yezinto ekhona emanzini okumele ilawulwe.

Kuyini ukuhlolwa kwe-aquarium?

Izinhlanzi zibhukuda e-aquarium

Impela usuvele uqaphele, uma une-aquarium, lokho ikhwalithi yamanzi ibalulekile ekugcineni impilo yezinhlanzi zethu. Lezi zilwane zizwela kakhulu, ngakho-ke noma yiluphi ushintsho endaweni ezihlala kuyo (futhi, ngokusobala, indawo eziseduze kakhulu namanzi) lungaholela ezinkingeni zezempilo futhi lube lubi kakhulu kwezinye izimo.

Ukuhlolwa kwe-Aquarium kusetshenziselwa lokho ngqo, ukuze wazi nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ukuthi ikhwalithi yamanzi yinhle yini. Ukuthola, kufanele ugcine amazinga e-nitrite ne-ammonia elawulwa, phakathi kwabanye. Njengoba sizobona, ukuhlolwa kwe-aquarium akwenziwa kuphela okokuqala lapho sifaka amanzi kuyo, kepha futhi kuyingxenye ejwayelekile yokugcinwa kwayo.

Ungakwenza kanjani ukuhlolwa kwe-aquarium

Izinhlanzi zizwela kunoma yiluphi ushintsho emanzini

Noma kunjalo kwezinye izitolo zezilwane zinikeza ithuba lokuhlola amanzi ku-aquarium yakho, lapha sizogxila kumakhithi akuvumela ukuthi uzenzele isivivinyo sakho ekhaya, ngezizathu ezisobala, okuyizo ezingakudalela ukungabaza okukhulu, ikakhulukazi uma ungumuntu omusha ku-aquarism.

Ukusebenza kwezivivinyo kulula, ngoba iningi liqukethe ukuthatha isampula lamanzi. Lesi sampuli sinemibala (kungaba ngamaconsi noma ngokufaka umugqa, noma ngokumane ngikunikeze izinombolo) futhi kuzofanele uwaqhathanise netafula, elifakwe kumkhiqizo ofanayo, okuzokuvumela ukuthi uhlole ukuthi amanani zilungile.

Izinhlobo zokuhlolwa kwe-aquarium

Ukuhlolwa kwe-Aquarium kulandela ikhodi yombala

Ngakho-ke, ikhona izindlela ezintathu ezinhle zokwenza isivivinyo se-aquarium, kuya ngohlobo lwekhithi: ngemichilo, ngamaconsi noma ngedivayisi yedijithali. Konke kungathembeka ngokulinganayo, futhi ukusebenzisa okukodwa noma okunye kuzoncika kokuthandayo, isayithi onalo noma isabelomali sakho.

Imichilo

Izivivinyo ezinekhithi yokuqhafaza kulula kakhulu ukuzisebenzisa. Imvamisa, kunemichilo eminingana ebhodleleni ngalinye futhi ukusebenza kwayo kulula kakhulu, ngoba kumane nje kucwilisa umucu emanzini, ukuwunyakazisa nokuqhathanisa umphumela namanani acaciswe ebhodleleni. Ngaphezu kwalokho, iningi lemikhiqizo ethengisa lolu hlobo lokuhlola ifaka uhlelo lokusebenza ongagcina ngalo imiphumela bese uliqhathanisa ukubona ukuvela kwamanzi ku-aquarium yakho.

Amaconsi

Thengisa I-PhoenixDN 2 Izingcezu CO2...

Ukuhlolwa kuketshezi kungenye indlela enhle yokuhlaziya ikhwalithi yamanzi ku-aquarium yakho. Zisuka nje ebhandeni zithinta kakhulu imichilo, ngoba zinamashubhu amaningi angenalutho namakani agcwele izinto. ozohlola ngawo amanzi (okuthile okufanele ukukhumbule uma ungafuni ukuthi izivivinyo zithathe isikhala esiningi). Kodwa-ke, ukusebenza kulula: kufanele umane ufake isampula lamanzi e-aquarium kumashubhu bese ufaka uketshezi ukuhlola isimo samanzi.

Uma ukhetha lokhu kuhlolwa, ngaphezu kokuthembeka, qiniseka ukuthi kufaka izitika zokukhomba ithubhu ngayinye Futhi ngakho-ke awudideki ngephutha lapho wenza isivivinyo.

Digital

Ekugcineni, Ukuhlolwa kohlobo lwedijithali, ngaphandle kokungabaza, kunembe kakhulu emakethe, noma kunjalo futhi kubiza kakhulu (yize, ngokusobala, zihlala isikhathi eside). Ukusebenza kwayo futhi kulula kakhulu, ngoba umane kufanele ufake ipensela emanzini. Kodwa-ke, banenkinga: kunamamodeli amaningi aqukethe ukuhlolwa kwe-PH noma iningi lamanye amapharamitha alula, okuthi, yize eqondile kakhulu, ashiye ezinye izinto esingaba nentshisekelo yokuzilinganisa.

Yimiphi imingcele elawulwa ngokuhlolwa kwe-aquarium?

Inhlanzi ebomvu ebhukuda ngemuva kwengilazi

Ukuhlolwa okuningi kwe-aquarium Kubandakanya uchungechunge lwamapharamitha okufanele ulinganiswe futhi yilokho okunquma ukuthi amanzi onawo ku-aquarium yakho ayikhwalithi yini. Ngakho-ke, lapho uthenga lolu hlobo lokuhlola, qiniseka ukuthi balinganisa izinto ezilandelayo:

I-Chlorine (CL2)

I-chlorine yinto engaba nobuthi obumangazayo yezinhlanzi futhi imbangela yokufa uma ingekho ngaphakathi kwemingcele emincane. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ulwelwesi lwakho lwe-reverse osmosis lungakhungatheka futhi into ebi kakhulu ukuthi lungatholakala ezindaweni ezisondele njengamanzi ompompi. Gcina amazinga e-chlorine ku-aquarium yakho ku-0,001 kuya ku-0,003 ppm ukuze ikhwalithi yamanzi ingathikamezeki.

I-Acidity (PH)

Ama-aquariums atshaliwe alandela imingcele ehlukene

Sike sasho phambilini ukuthi izinhlanzi azisekeli ushintsho emanzini, kanti i-PH iyisibonelo esihle salokhu. Le parameter ilinganisa i-asidi yamanzi, okuthi, uma kwenzeka iba noshintsho oluncane, ingadala ingcindezi enkulu ezinhlanzini zakho. futhi ubabangele nokufa, izinto ezimbi. Kubalulekile ukuthi ube namazinga we-PH acacile noma ngabe ufika uvela esitolo sezilwane: kuzofanela ujwayele izinhlanzi zakho ngokulinganisa i-PH yesitolo bese uzijwayeza kancane kancane kulowo wethangi lakho lezinhlanzi.

Futhi, i-asidi yamanzi akuyona ipharamitha ehleliwe, kepha iyashintsha ngokuhamba kwesikhathiNjengoba ukudla kwezinhlanzi, ziyacupha, izitshalo ziphefumula umoya-ngakho-ke, kufanele ulinganise i-PH yamanzi ku-aquarium yakho okungenani kanye ngenyanga.

El Izinga le-PH elinconywayo ku-aquarium liphakathi kuka-6,5 no-8.

Ukuqina (GH)

Ubulukhuni bamanzi, obaziwa nangokuthi yi-GH (kusuka ebukhuni obujwayelekile baseNgilandi) ngenye yemingcele lapho ukuhlolwa okuhle kwe-aquarium kufanele kukusize ulinganise. Ubulukhuni bubhekisela enanini lamaminerali emanzini (ikakhulukazi i-calcium ne-magnesium). Into eyinkimbinkimbi ngaleli pharamitha ukuthi kuya ngohlobo lwe-aquarium nezinhlanzi onazo, kuzonconywa isilinganiso esisodwa noma esinye. Amaminerali akhona emanzini asiza ukukhula kwezitshalo nezilwane, yingakho imingcele yawo ingeke iphansi kakhulu noma iphakeme kakhulu. Okunconyiwe, emanzini asemanzini angenasawoti, amazinga ka-70 kuya ku-140 ppm.

Izinhlanzi zikhungatheka ngokushesha

Inhlanganisela ye-nitrite enobuthi (NO2)

INitrite kungenye into okufanele siqaphele ngayo, ngoba amazinga ayo angakhuphuka ngenxa yezizathu ezahlukahlukeneIsibonelo, ngesihlungi semvelo esingasebenzi kahle, ngokuba nezinhlanzi eziningi kakhulu e-aquarium noma ngokuzondla ngokweqile. INitrite nayo kunzima ukuyinciphisa, ngoba itholakala kuphela ngokushintsha kwamanzi. Kujwayelekile kakhulu ukuthola amazinga aphezulu e-nitrite kuma-aquariums amasha, kepha ngemuva kokuhamba ngebhayisikili kufanele yehle. Eqinisweni, amazinga e-nitrite kufanele ngaso sonke isikhathi abe ku-0 ppm, njengoba ngisho no-0,75 ppm kuphela angacindezela izinhlanzi.

Isizathu se-algae (NO3)

NO3 futhi yaziwa njenge-nitrate, igama elifana kakhulu ne-nitrite, futhi empeleni ziyizinto ezimbili ezinobudlelwano obusondelene kakhulu komunye nomunye, ngoba i-nitrate ingumphumela we-nitrite. Ngenhlanhla, inobuthi obuncane kune-nitrite, yize kufanele futhi ubheke izinga layo emanzini ukuze ingalahli ikhwalithi, ngoba, njenge-PH, NO3 nayo iyavela, ngokwesibonelo, ngenxa yokubola kwe-algae. Amazinga afanele we-nitrate emanzini angenasawoti angaphansi kuka-20 mg / L.

Ukuzinza kwe-PH (KH)

Inhlanzi emanzini asemanzini anosawoti

I-KH ilinganisa inani lama-carbonate nama-bicarbonate emanziniNgamanye amagama, kuyasiza ukunciphisa ama-acid ngoba i-PH ayishintshi ngokushesha okukhulu. Ngokuphikisana neminye imingcele, i-KH yamanzi ephakeme, iba ngcono, ngoba kuzosho ukuthi mancane amathuba okuthi i-PH iguquke ngokungazelelwe. Ngakho-ke, ezindaweni zasemanzini angenasawoti isilinganiso se-KH esinconyiwe singama-70-140 ppm.

I-Carbon dioxide (CO2)

Enye into ebalulekile ekusindeni kwe-aquarium (ikakhulukazi ezimweni ezitshaliwe) yi-CO2, ibalulekile ezitshalweni ukuze yenze i-photosynthesis, yize inobuthi bokudoba ngamazinga aphezulu kakhulu. Yize ukuminyana okunconyiwe kwe-CO2 kuzoncika ezintweni eziningi (ngokwesibonelo, uma unezitshalo noma cha, inani lezinhlanzi ...) isilinganiso esiphakanyisiwe singu-15 kuye ku-30 ​​mg ngelitha.

Kufanele uvivinye kangaki i-aquarium?

Izinhlanzi eziningi zibhukuda e-aquarium

Njengoba ubonile kulo lonke i-athikili, kubaluleke kakhulu ukwenza isivivinyo samanzi e-aquarium njalo, yize konke kuncike kulwazi onalo ngale ndaba. Kwamathwasa, ngokwesibonelo, kunconywa ukuthi kuhlolwe amanzi njalo ezinsukwini ezimbili noma ezintathu, njengoba nje ngemuva kokuhamba ngebhayisikili i-aquarium entsha, kanti kochwepheshe ukuhlolwa kunganwetshwa kube kanye ngesonto, njalo ezinsukwini eziyishumi nanhlanu noma ngisho nenyanga.

Izinhlobo ezihamba phambili zokuhlolwa kwe-Aquarium

Noma kunjalo kunezivivinyo eziningi ze-aquarium emakethe, kubalulekile ukukhetha eyodwa enhle nethembekile, noma kungenjalo ngeke isisize ngalutho. Ngalo mqondo, kunezimpawu ezimbili ezigqamile:

IsiTetra

I-Tetra ingenye yemikhiqizo ebilokhu ikhona emhlabeni we-aquarism. Isungulwe e1950 eJalimane, ayiveli nje kuphela ngemichilo yayo emihle yokuhlola amanzi e-aquarium namachibi, kepha futhi nemikhiqizo eyahlukahlukene kubandakanya amaphampu, imihlobiso, ukudla ...

JBL

Olunye uhlobo lwaseJalimane lodumo olukhulu nokwethenjelwa, olwaqala ngo-1960 esitolo esincane sochwepheshe. Ukuhlolwa kwe-aquarium kwe-JBL kuyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu futhi, yize kunemodeli enemichilo, ubuchwepheshe babo beqiniso busezivivinyweni zokwehla, lapho banamaphakethe amaningi aphelele impela, ngisho namabhodlela afakwa esikhundleni.

Ungazithenga kuphi izivivinyo ze-aquarium ezishibhile

Ungacabanga kanjani izivivinyo ze-aquarium zitholakala ikakhulukazi ezitolo ezikhethekile, ngoba ayiwona umkhiqizo ojwayelekile ngokwanele ukuba utholakale noma kuphi.

  • Ngakho-ke, indawo lapho uzothola khona izinhlobo ezahlukahlukene kakhulu zokuhlola ukukala ikhwalithi yamanzi ku-aquarium yakho okuyo Amazon, lapho kunemichilo yokuhlola, okwehlayo kanye namadijithi wokunikeza nokuthengisa, yize lelo nani eliningi lemikhiqizo lingadida, ikakhulukazi uma ungumuntu omusha kulesi sihloko.
  • Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ku izitolo ezikhethekile njengeKiwoko noma iTiendaAnimal Ungahle ungatholi ukuhlukahluka okuningi njengaku-Amazon, kepha imikhiqizo abayithengisayo inokwethenjelwa. Kulezi zitolo ungathola womabili amaphakethe namabhodlela awodwa, futhi ube nezeluleko ezenziwe zaba ngezakho.

Siyethemba ukuthi le ndatshana ekuhlolweni kwe-aquarium ikusizile ukuthi ungene kulo mhlaba othokozisayo. Sitshele, ulilinganisa kanjani ikhwalithi yamanzi ku-aquarium yakho? Ngabe ukhetha ukuhlolwa ngemichilo, ngamaconsi noma nge-digital? Ingabe kukhona umkhiqizo owuncoma ngokukhethekile?


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.