ʻO Corydoras

hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻo corydoras

Maopopo iā ʻoe ka iʻa ʻO Corydoras? No kēlā me kēia hobbyist e hoʻomaka me kāna aquarium mua, he mea nui ia e ʻike ʻo ia i kekahi ʻano nui e pono ai e hoʻolauna i loko e hoʻokō i nā hana e like me ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe kālā a hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻana i ke kīʻaha.

ʻO ke ʻano ke kuleana no ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻana i ka lalo o ka aquarium a e kamaʻilio ana mākou e pili ana i kēia lā ʻO Corydora. ʻO ka hua'ōlelo ʻO Corydoras hele mai mai Greek aloha ('mahiole') a doras ('ʻili'). Hōʻaia kēia e ka nele o nā unahi a me ke alo o nā pale iwi ma ke kino. Loaʻa kēia mau ʻano i ke aʻo a ka mea kālepa e kūʻai aku iā ʻoe i ka aquarium a haʻi iā ʻoe he iʻa ke kuleana o ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe i lalo o ka aquarium a hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ke aniani. Makemake ʻoe e ʻike i nā mea āpau e pili ana i kēia iʻa?

Hoʻokaʻaʻike a me ka hoʻokaʻaʻike ʻāina

ʻAʻole nā ​​corydoras i kini kini ʻōpala

I loko i ka ʻohana ʻO Callichthydae noho pū ʻelua mau ʻohana: ʻO Callichthyinae y Coridoradinae. Aia i loko o lākou kekahi mau ʻano, ʻo ia ka mea i ʻike nui ʻia. ʻO Aspidoras, Brochis, Callichthys, Corydoras, Dianema a me Hoplosternum.

ʻO ka corydoras kekahi, i ka huli, ʻoi aku ma mua o 115 ʻano laha a me kekahi 30 unclassified. Pili kēia ʻano i nā wahi o ʻAmelika Hema a me nā wahi Neotropical. Hele aku lākou mai La Plata (Argentina) a i ka ʻākau loa o Venezuela ma ke kahawai ʻo Orinoco.

Aia kekahi mau ʻano corydoras i hoʻomohala i kahi hiki ke hoʻololi i nā wahi, ke anuanu a mehana hoʻi, a uhi lākou i nā latitude ʻAmelika Hema. ʻO kahi laʻana, ka corydora aeneus ʻāpana ia e ʻaneʻane i nā latitude a pau o ʻAmelika Hema.

Noho lākou i nā wai maʻemaʻe, me nā kahe mālie a ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi me kahi one one, kahi e kōkua ʻia ai kā lākou hana i ka ʻimi ʻana i ka meaʻai. No ka laulā o nā mahana a lākou e hoʻomanawanui ai, ākea ia. Hiki i kekahi laha ke kū aʻe i ka 16 ° C a me nā mea ʻē aʻe a i ka 28 ° C.

Maʻemaʻe iʻa iʻa

kāʻei kua maʻemaʻe

Ke kūʻai ʻoe i kahi iʻa maʻemaʻe o lalo, manaʻo mākou hiki iā mākou ke hoʻopoina e hoʻomaʻemaʻe i kā mākou pahu iʻa. ʻO ia ke kuhi hewa mua. ʻAʻole hoʻomaʻemaʻe kahi iʻa hoʻomaʻemaʻe lalo e like me ka mea e pono ai, ʻoiai e pau ana hoʻokūkū me nā iʻa ʻē aʻe e nā unahi e lana ana i luna.

ʻO ka mea maikaʻi e pili ana i kēia mau iʻa ke koena o ka manawa a lākou e hana ai ma laila e hoʻowali nei me kā lākou mau ʻūlū i ka papahele o ka aquarium e ʻimi nei i ka meaʻai. Kōkua kēia i ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe o ka lalo, akā ʻo kēia holoholona ʻaʻole ʻai i ka 'ʻōpala' o nā iʻa ʻē aʻe ʻaʻole hoʻi he ʻohiʻohi ʻōpala. Ma ka maʻalahi, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka ʻimi ʻana i ka meaʻai e hoʻomaʻemaʻe ia i ka lalo o ka aquarium a e paʻa mau ia.

Hoʻololi a me ka paʻakai

ʻai ka corydora mai lalo o ka aquarium

Hōʻike nā corydoras he nui i nā hōʻailona o ka evolution a me ka hoʻololi ʻana i ke kaiapuni kahi a lākou e noho ai. Nā mīkini e kōkua iā ʻoe e ola. ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo nā ʻano e noho ana i lalo o ke one kahi i hoʻohālikelike ʻia ko lākou mokuna dorsal me nā pā o nā ʻano like ʻole. Hana kēia, ʻike ʻia mai luna, hiki iā lākou ke huikau me ke kua i hope a pale i ka hopu ʻia ʻana e nā mea ʻino. ʻO nā mea e noho ana i nā moena ʻeleʻele a silty hoʻi, he ʻeleʻele a ʻeleʻele hoʻi i hope no ke kumu like. Hoʻololi nā ʻano Chromatika i loko o kekahi iā ʻoe iho i ka hoʻololi ʻana i ke kaiapuni.

A ʻo ke ʻano o ka wai a corydora e makemake ai, ʻike mākou i nā mea momona a me ka paʻakai iki. ʻOi aku ka maʻamau ke ʻike i nā corydoras i nā wai hou e like me nā lagoons. ʻOiai ma nā wahi he nui ua ʻōlelo ʻia ʻaʻole ʻae nā corydoras i ka paʻakai, ʻaʻole ʻoiaʻiʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo. ʻO kekahi mau ʻano wale nō e hele mai ana mai nā wai tropical o Amazon he ʻoi aku ka ʻoluʻolu ʻole i ke alo o ka paʻakai i ka wai. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole kēia paʻakai ke kumu e make ai ka iʻa, mamao loa mai ia.

Nā ʻano maʻamau

albino corydora

Hoʻohana ʻia i lalo, corydoras he poʻe ʻauʻau maikaʻi ʻole. Pēlā kona ʻano kino i ka maʻa āna i maʻa ai: e neʻe ana ma lalo o nā kahawai i ka ʻimi ʻana i ka meaʻai a me kahi hūnā maikaʻi mai nā mea hoʻomake.

E pili ana i ka morphology, loaʻa iā lākou kahi ʻōpū palahalaha, kahi kino a me ke poʻo i hoʻopili ʻia, a me nā maka i kahi kūlana ʻoi aku a ʻoi paha o ke kiʻekiʻe. Hoʻonohonoho ʻia nā lehelehe i kahi ala me ka ʻelua mau chins hiki ke hoʻāla i ka lalo o nā kahawai aiʻole, i kēia hihia, ka aquarium, i ka ʻimi ʻana i nā meaʻai.

ʻO kahi drawback liʻiliʻi i hiki i kēia ʻano ke hōʻike inā loaʻa iā ʻoe kekahi o lākou i loko o ka aquarium like, ma muli o ka neʻe mau ʻana i hana ʻia ma lalo i ka ʻimi ʻana i nā meaʻai, hiki iā lākou ke hoʻoulu i kahi ʻano o ka turbidity i ka wai aquarium. I mea e hōʻalo ai i kēia ʻano kūlana, inā loaʻa iā mākou kahi corydora hou aku, pono mākou i kahi kānana mīkini.

Pono mākou e noʻonoʻo he kōkua nui ka maʻa corydora, no ka mea me ka hoʻowalewale ʻana i ka ʻili o ka kānana papa, e mālama lākou i ka lalo i lalo a manuahi hoʻi o nā ʻāpana e keʻakeʻa i ka holo o ka wai i ka kānana olaola.

E like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma mua, maʻemaʻe kēia iʻa o lalo, akā ʻaʻole ia he mea ʻāpala a ʻōpala paha. ʻAi lākou i ka meaʻai e hāʻule i lalo, inā ʻaʻole nui ia, a no laila hana ia ma ke ʻano he maemae lalo. Akā ʻaʻole kēia he manaʻo e ʻaʻai lākou i ka ʻōpala o nā mea ʻē aʻe, ʻoiai hiki iā lākou ke noho i waena o lākou me ka ʻona ʻole e like me ka hopena o nā iʻa ʻē aʻe. Hiki iā Corydoras ke noho i nā wahi neoneo e hoʻomaikaʻi i kā lākou ʻōnaehana hanu ʻokoʻa. ʻAe kēia iā lākou e lawe i ka lewa ma ka waha, hele i loko o ka ʻōpū a kipaku i nā ʻōpala i hanu ʻia e ka anus. Kēia ala ʻaʻole lākou e ona.

ʻOiai ʻoe e ʻike iā lākou ma ka lalo o ka aquarium i ka hapa nui o ka manawa, hiki ke ʻike ʻia lākou e hoʻohuli ʻia ma luna, e hoʻokūkū ana me nā iʻa ʻē aʻe ke hāʻawi ʻia nā meaʻai lana. Ke waiho ʻia ka meaʻai i kahi mea hānai lana, lawe nā corydoras i ka ʻāpana a, i kahi kūwili kūwaho, paʻakikī e hoʻoliʻiliʻi a hiki i ka iʻa kuʻuna a iʻa nui paha.

Nā Generalities

lalo hoʻomaʻemaʻe iʻa

I kēia manawa e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka hiʻona o corydoras a me ko lākou ʻano. Lawe ʻo Corydoras i kahi nani i ka aquarium. ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻohālikelike i nā kala o kēia mau iʻa me kekahi o nā ʻano ʻē aʻe a i ʻole i ko lākou hiki ke ʻauʻau. Eia nō naʻe, inā mākou e hoʻolako iā lākou i kahi aquarium kahi kūpono nā kūlana no lākou (loaʻa ka wai maʻemaʻe, kahi pH kūlike ʻole, kiʻekiʻe haʻahaʻa a me nā wahi hūnā maikaʻi) hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i kēlā He iʻa nani loa nā corydoras. Eia kekahi, he mau dute kā lākou e hoʻomaʻalahi ai a hoʻomākeʻaka ai hoʻi.

E mālama i nā corydoras i ke kūlana maikaʻi, pono ʻoe e hoʻohui i nā ʻano i kūlike me lākou. Kū paʻakikī loa kēia iʻa. Heluhelu ʻia kona ʻano kino me nā papa iwi paʻakikī loa e hāʻawi iā lākou i ka pale a me ke kūpaʻa maikaʻi, ʻo ka mea i kōkua ʻia me nā kukuna spiny o kona mau dorsal a me nā fector pectoral, paʻakikī loa a ʻoi hoʻi.

Mahalo i ka ʻōnaehana hanu a mākou i ʻike ai ma mua, kūpaʻa nui kēia iʻa i nā maʻi. Eia nō naʻe, hiki iā lākou ke maʻi e like me nā iʻa ʻē aʻe inā hoʻokō ʻia kēia mau ʻano:

  • Ke lawe ʻia ka iʻa i nā nui he nui mai nā hale lawaiʻa a nā lawaiʻa nui. Ke hiki mai kēia, pōʻino paha kā lākou mau palu. E hoʻōla iā lākou, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka waiho ʻana iā lākou i loko o kahi pahu iʻa i nā nui liʻiliʻi, wai maʻemaʻe a lāʻau ʻia me kahi antiseptic. Pēlā lākou e pale ai i nā maʻi.
  • Ke hōʻike ʻia lākou i ka haumia o ka nohona. Ke nui a nā ʻōpala neoneo e hoʻohua i nā nitrites he nui, ʻeha pinepine lākou i nā ʻano bacteria. ʻO ka hopena i kēia e hōʻalo i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka wai lepo a hoʻomaʻamaʻa pinepine iā ia.

Hoʻopili

huamoa corydora

He koi kiʻekiʻe loa ʻo Corydoras no kā lākou hana hou. ʻO kahi laʻana, corydoras paleatus he mutation albino kā lākou i hānai ʻia i ka lawe pio ʻana i nā makahiki he nui.

E lawa kēia ʻano me ka wai maʻemaʻe, pH kūlike ʻole a me nā mahana o 25-27 ° C. Me kēia, ma waena o ʻekolu a ʻeono kāne a hoʻokahi a ʻelua paha mau wahine e hiki ke hana i ka spawning i ke kau kūpono.

No ka ʻōpio pono ʻoe i kahi aquarium kūikawā, me nā ana o 120 × 45 knm a me ke kiʻekiʻe o 25 knm. me ka kānana kāʻei kua.

Me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i corydoras ke loaʻa iā lākou a loaʻa iā lākou i loko o kāu aquarium.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.