ʻO Otocinclus, ka iʻa hoʻomaʻemaʻe kīʻaha

ʻIke ʻia ʻo Otocinclus no ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe aniani

I kēia mau lā ua ʻike mākou i kahi ʻano iʻa i mālama ʻia no ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻana i lalo o nā aquarium, ʻoiai ke ʻano o ko lākou nohona a me ka papaʻai e pili ana i ka ʻimi ʻana i ka meaʻai ma lalo a hoʻonāukiuki i ka wai. I kēia hihia e kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i kahi iʻa nona ka hana e hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ke aniani aquarium: ʻo ia ka ʻOtocinclus.

ʻO ka Otocinclus kahi iʻa maluhia loa i ka hema hikina o Brazil, ka ululāʻau Mato Grosso a me kekahi mau kahawai o Colombia, nona ka inoa maʻamau ka mea hoʻomaʻemaʻe puka aniani. Makemake ʻoe e ʻike i nā mea āpau e pili ana i kēia iʻa?

Kahi noho a me kahi o ka puʻunaue

Hōʻike ʻo otocinclus i ka nohona kūlohelohe

Loaʻa kēia mau iʻa i loko o nā wai wikiwiki, ʻoiai ʻaʻole maikaʻi ke ʻauʻau. ʻO kona wahi noho, ʻo ia ka wai maopopo o nā kahawai o Brazil a me Colombia. ʻElua mau ʻano o Otocinclus e huikau pinepine ʻia ma muli o kā lākou ʻano like. Loaʻa iā mākou ka ʻO Otocinclus vittatus a me ka Hoʻomaopopo ʻo Otocinclus. Kūlike like kēia ʻano ʻelua i ka morphologically a huikau pinepine. ʻO ka mea wale nō e ʻokoʻa a ʻokoʻa i kēia mau ʻano ʻelua ko lākou wahi o ka puʻunaue.

ʻO ka wai kahi e noho ai kēia mau iʻa uhi ʻia nā pōhaku me nā limu a me nā mea kanu nui.

Nā hiʻohiʻona Otocinclus

omo kīʻaha a lākou e hoʻohana ai e omo

Hoʻolālā ʻia kēia mau iʻa a hiki ke ana a 5 cm. He kōlou iki ko lākou kua a me ka ʻōpū palahalaha. Hoʻohana lākou i kahi kīʻaha kope i loaʻa iā lākou i ko lākou waha hiki ke omo i ka meaʻai. No laila, nānā ia no ka meaʻai ma nā paia o nā aquarium a kapa ʻia ʻo ka mea hoʻomaʻemaʻe puka aniani. He fin adipose kāna a he ʻaoʻao kāna hihi. No kaʻauʻau maikaʻi, loaʻa iā ia kahi iwi kuamoʻo i loko o nā peʻa āpau koe ka huelo a me ka momona.

Hinahina kona kino a me ke gula i ke kala, me nā kiko hina a ʻeleʻele paha ma kona kua a me kahi laina ʻeleʻele e uhi ana i kāna ʻaoʻao āpau mai ke poʻo a ka hiʻu huelo. Keʻokeʻo kona ʻōpū.

Ma muli o ka noho ʻana o kēia mau iʻa i nā kahawai me nā kahawai wai ikaika loa, hoʻohana lākou i ke kīʻaha omo i loko o ko lākou waha, ʻokoʻa ka hānai ʻana, e paʻa ai ke aupuni wai kūpikipiki. Ma ka hoʻomohala ʻole ʻana i kahi wai ʻauʻau, ʻaʻole hiki iā lākou ke ʻau. Akā, lele lākou i nā pōhaku a paʻa i ka mea hoʻohaʻahaʻa me ke kīʻaha omo i ʻole e lawe ʻia e ka au o ka wai. ʻO nā lele a lākou e hana ai transversal i ʻole e hāʻawi i ka nui o ke kūpaʻa i ke au a huki ʻia i hope.

ʻAi

ʻo otonciclus ka hapanui o nā lau nahele

ʻO kā lākou hānai ʻana i ka nohona kūlohelohe ka mea pili i ka mea a lākou e huki ai mai nā pōhaku a me nā lāʻau i lalo, ka limu e hoʻopili pinepine nei, nā mea kanu liʻiliʻi a me nā microorganism e noho ana i waena o lākou Loaʻa iā lākou ka maʻamau o ka pō, ʻoiai lākou e hana mau i nā hola o ke ao.

ʻO ia omnivore a me herbivore, ke kiʻi nei i ka meaʻai i nā papa i waiho ʻia i nā lumi ʻaina i ka hope. Hiki ke hānai ʻia kēia iʻa i nā mea ʻai kuke, spirulina a me nā mea kanu mea kanu ʻē aʻe no ka iʻa.

Ka hana a me ka launa pū

ʻO ka ʻai ʻana i ka limu ʻo Otocinclus

E like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma mua, maluhia a hilahila loa kēia mau iʻa. No ka hoʻonui ʻana i kāu noho like ʻana i nā pahu iʻa, pono ʻoe e mālama iā ʻoekahi hui o ka iʻa ma ka liʻiliʻi he 5 o ka laha like, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā wahine ma mua o nā kāne.

Hiamoe kēia iʻa i ka lā ma kahi lau a i ʻole paʻa i ke aniani aquarium. Hoʻoikaika nui lākou i ka pō. Ma muli o ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o kā lākou papaʻai ma ka limu, hiki iā lākou ke hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ke aniani o ka aquarium e ʻai i nā limu e pili mau ana. Kapa ʻia kēia iʻa i ka moloā, ʻoiai he iʻa ia a puni ka lā a i ʻole i nā lau a i ʻole nā ​​aniani o nā aquarium. ʻAʻole maopopo i ka ʻauʻau maikaʻi ʻana, ʻilihuna kā lākou neʻe ʻana i nā aquarium.

E pili ana i ka hoʻokaulike me nā iʻa ʻē aʻe, kēia Pili aloha nui lākou a hiki ke noho me nā ʻano lōkahi. E hoʻāʻo ʻaʻole e kāwili iā ia me nā lāhui nui a ʻoi aku ka huhū i hiki ke hopu iā lākou. He mau hoa hele maikaʻi lākou na ʻO Corydoras. Hiki iā ʻoe ke kāwili iā lākou me nā iʻa hoʻomaʻemaʻe lalo e like me Ancistrus.

Hoʻoponopono

Ke ʻai nei ʻo Otonciclus i ke aniani

Ma muli o ka nui o ko lākou wahi kūlohelohe i nā limu a me nā mea kanu, ʻo ka aquarium ʻoi loa no kēia ʻano iʻa kahi i kanu pono ʻia, ʻo ia hoʻi, me ka mānoanoa mea kanu maikaʻi. Pono pū me ka wai maʻemaʻe me nā kukui maikaʻi, me kahi ʻae e ʻae ai i kona ulu ʻana.

I ka aquarium, pono e ulu mau ka limu, ʻoiai e ʻai pono kēia mau iʻa i nā limu wale nō. Pono ke aquarium kahi leo o 60 liters no kahi hui liʻiliʻi o 10 Otocinclus.

Ka wai i ʻōlelo ʻia no kēia mau iʻa he pH ma waena o 6 a me 6,75, ʻoiai ʻaʻole lākou koi nui. E hoʻokumu i kahi mahana kūpono, pono ʻoe e hoʻomanaʻo ʻaʻole makemake nui lākou i nā mahana kiʻekiʻe. Pono lākou i kahi nui o ka oxygen loaʻa. No laila, paipai ʻia ia mai ʻoi aku i ka 26 ° C O ke ana wela. Eia nō naʻe, inā ʻaʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke hōʻalo i kēia, e hōʻoia ma o ka kānana i ka neʻe ʻana o ka wai a paʻa a nui, ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o ka mahana i kēlā 26 ° C.

ʻO ka hana hou a me ke kumu kūʻai

Loaʻa ka otonciclus i ka dimorphism moekolohe

E hoʻohua, alualu nā kāne i nā wahine a ʻae ka hope iā lākou. Aia ka dimorphism moekolohe i kēia mau ʻano, ʻoiai hiki ʻole ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā kāne mai nā wahine aku. Kūlike like lāua ʻelua i ka morphologically.

ʻO ka ʻō ʻana mai o kēia mau iʻa e like me ka Corydoras. Hoʻokomo ʻia nā hua i nā mea kanu a i ʻole me he mea lā o ka aquarium a poina iā lākou. ʻAʻole kēia ʻano iʻa ke kiaʻi mau i nā hua. ʻO ka helu o nā hua manu he loli nui, maʻamau ma kahi o 20-40 mau hua no kēlā wahine. Hoʻomoʻa nā hua i loko o ʻekolu mau lā o ka hānau ʻana. ʻO nā lā mua e hānai ʻia ka ʻai me infusoria a me nā meaʻai kūikawā na lākou. Ma hope e hiki ke hoʻolako ʻia iā lākou me ka nauplii ʻōpala brine a kuke a me ka milo i milo ʻia.

ʻO ke ola o kēia iʻa ma kahi o 5 mau makahiki. No nā kumukūʻai o Otocinclus, pili lākou i kahi € 2-3,50 i kēlā me kēia kope.

Me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohui i kahi hui liʻiliʻi o Otocinclus i kāu aquarium, e hoʻomaʻemaʻe i nā paia a hāʻawi i kahi ʻano maluhia a me kahi kaiāulu maikaʻi.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

2 manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   ʻO Cesc ia

    ʻOiai he ʻoiaʻiʻo lākou makemake i nā wai oxygenated maikaʻi, he hanu ʻōpū ko lākou, a hiki ke pani i kekahi mau hemahema; ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia ka ʻokoʻa o ka moekolohe, akā mahalo ʻia i ka wā o nā mākua ... inā aia kekahi kūmole, he hihia kikoʻī ʻē ia. ʻOiai he iʻa kūpaʻa i ka manawa i hoʻopili ʻia, maʻalahi ia i nā loli, a ma lalo o 50% o nā mea i hopu ʻia e ola; Eia kekahi, ke loaʻa iā mākou, a i ʻole ke hoʻololi mākou i nā aquarium, he mea maʻamau ka loaʻa ʻana o kekahi poho. ʻAʻole hiki iā lākou ke hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o kahi aquarium hou, a maʻalahi hoʻi e holo nei ka aquarium no 1 mau makahiki e hoʻolauna iā lākou.

  2.   Christian Rivas ia

    Aloha mai Kile. Ua loaʻa iaʻu kahi hana hou i loko o kahi aquarium i hoʻonohonoho ʻia a hana ʻia no nā prawns, aneane 200 liters kēia aquarium me Anubias, HC Cuba, Montecarlo. Mahana 25 ° C ph ʻaʻole like, hoʻololi wai i kēlā me kēia pule o 20% ʻoluʻolu loa a me ke kukui LED 36w, manaʻo wau he holomua maikaʻi loa ia mai ka hiki ke loaʻa nā keiki hou aʻe o kēia iʻa nani i kekahi manawa hiki ke hoʻopau i ka lawe ʻia ʻana mai ke kūlohelohe. .