Nā lāʻau lapaʻau

aquaponics

La aquaponics He ʻōnaehana ia e hoʻohui i nā ʻano o ka moʻomeheu iʻa mai ke ala kuʻuna o ka aquaculture me ka moʻomeheu hydroponic. ʻO kahi moʻomeheu hydroponic kahi mea e ulu ai nā mea kanu me ka ʻole o kekahi ʻano substrate. Hoʻohana ʻia ka wai me ka nui o nā mea momona i hoʻoheheʻe ʻia no kēia. Kōkua kēia hana i ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka nohona symbiotic e ola nei no nā mea kanu a me nā iʻa.

I kēia ʻatikala e haʻi aku mākou iā ʻoe i ke ʻano o nā aquaponics a me kāna mau ʻano nui.

He aha nā aquaponics

nā aquaponics ʻoihana

He ʻōnaehana hoʻomau ia i hiki ke hana like i nā mea kanu a me nā iʻa. hoʻohui i nā ʻano o ka aquaculture kuʻuna me ka moʻomeheu hydroponic. Pono kēia mau mea ʻelua i hiki ke hānai i nā holoholona wai a ulu i nā mea kanu. Hiki ke hōʻiliʻili i nā ʻōpala mai ka mahi ʻana iʻa i loko o ka wai a hoʻohana i nā ʻōnaehana paʻa e hiki ke hoʻopili hou i nā ʻōnaehana aquaculture kuʻuna.

ʻOiai hiki i nā wai effluent-rich ke ʻawaʻawa i kekahi mau holoholona, ​​ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻole ʻia he mea nui ia no ka ulu ʻana o nā mea kanu. ʻO kēia no ka mea waiwai nā effluents i nā meaola e pono ai nā mea kanu e hoʻomohala pono.

Pehea e hana ai

ʻōnaehana aquaponics

Hana nā Aquaponics me nā ʻāpana like ʻole a i ʻole nā ​​subsystem. E nānā pehea nā mea i hoʻokumu ʻia i kēia hana:

  • Pahu hānai: ʻo ia kahi e hānai a ulu ai ka iʻa. ʻo ia ʻo ko lākou wahi noho iki no ko lākou ulu ʻana.
  • Wehe i ka ʻūlū: ʻO ia kahi ʻāpana e lawelawe ai e hoʻopau i ka meaʻai i ʻānai ʻia e ka iʻa a hui i nā sediment maikaʻi loa. Maʻaneʻi e hana ʻia kahi biofilm ma luna o ka wai.
  • Kānana Bio: E like me nā wahi wai āpau, pono nā bacteria nitrification. ʻO kēia mau koʻohune ke kuleana no ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka amonia i mau nitrates i hoʻopili ʻia e nā mea kanu.
  • Nā ʻōnaehana hydroponic: ʻo ia ka ʻāpana o ka ʻōnaehana holoʻokoʻa kahi e hiki ai i nā mea kanu ke ulu me ka omo ʻana i nā meaʻai mai ka wai. I kēia hihia ʻaʻohe ʻano substrate. ʻO ia ka wai me nā mea momona e hiki ai i ka mea kanu ke ulu.
  • Kapu: ʻo ia ka hapa haʻahaʻa o nā ʻōnaehana hydroponic. ʻO kēia kahi kahi e kahe ai ka wai a hoʻū hou ʻia i nā pahu hanai.

He aha nā mea e pono ai e hana aquaponics

Hiki iā ʻoe ke hana i nā aquaponics pono ʻoe i kahi mea nui. ʻO nā mea āpau e pili ana i ka nitrification. ʻO Nitrification ka hoʻololi aerobic o ka amonia i nā nitrates. Nā Nitrates nā kuleana no ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka mea ʻino o ka wai no ka iʻa. Hoʻohui ʻia, hoʻopau ʻia nā nitrates hopena e ka mea kanu a hoʻohana ʻia no kāna meaʻai. Hiki i ka iʻa ke hoʻokahe i ka amonia mau ma ke ʻano he huahana i kā lākou metabolism.

Pono e hoʻopili ʻia ka hapa nui o kēia amonia, no ka mea, hiki i nā koina kiʻekiʻe ke pepehi i nā iʻa. Hoʻohana kēia i nā aquaponics i ka hiki o nā bacteria e hiki ai ke hoʻolilo iā lākou i nā mea nitrogenous ʻē aʻe.

E hana i nā aquaponics pono ʻoe i kahi ʻōnaehana aquaponic i hana ʻia e ʻelua mau subsystem. Eia nā:

  • Ke ulu nei i nā mea kanu i hydroponics.
  • ʻO ka mahiʻai iʻa i loko o kahi pahu iʻa e hoʻohana ana i ka aquaculture.

Pehea e hana ai i nā aquaponics ma ka home

Nui nā poʻe makemake e hana i nā aquaponics ma ka home. Pono lākou e ʻike he pono kekahi mau mea e pono ai e hoʻokō. Penei kēia mau mea:

  • Pāka mahiʻai
  • ʻElua pahu wai
  • Pahu wai puna
  • Agua
  • Nā kanu
  • Nā iʻa
  • ʻO kahi siphon toilet
  • ʻO Arlita

ʻO ka mea mua e kau i ka pahu ma ka papa ulu. Hiki iā ʻoe ke hana i kahi lua i ka nui o kahi siphon hoʻomaʻemaʻe a hiki iā mākou ke waiho iā ia ma waena o ka pākaukau a me ka pahu wai. Pono e waiho i ka pahu ma lalo o ka aquarium a kau mākou i ka pauma wai e piʻi i kahi e waiho ai nā mea kanu. A laila, kau mākou i ka paipu me nā lua e pale ai i ka siphon mai ka pōhaku lepo. Pono e holoi i ka pālolo.

Hoʻokomo mākou i ka mea kanu i loko o ka ipu lepo a hoʻopiha iā ia i ka wai i hiki iā ia ke hoʻomaka e kānana. ʻAʻole mākou e waiho i ka iʻa no 3 mau pule, ke holo nei ka ʻōnaehana a aia kahi kolone bacteria. Mai poina i ke koʻohune ke kuleana no ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka amonia, kahi huahana ʻōpala o ka iʻa ma muli o kā lākou metabolism, i nitrate a ka mea kanu e hoʻohana ai i mea momona. ʻO kēia ke koena hoʻomau e pono ai i nā aquaponics.

Nā pōmaikaʻi

E like me ka mea e manaʻo ʻia, he hemahema nui kēia hana, waiwai a me nā pono hana. E kālailai he aha nā pono o nā aquaponics.

  • ʻOi aku ka hua i ka mahi hydroponic a hāʻawi ʻia e ka aquaculture kuʻuna. No ke kiʻekiʻe o kēia hana, pono e hoʻokūpaʻa mua.
  • ʻAʻohe koena haumia o nā ʻano like ʻole. Hoʻohui, he liʻiliʻi ka ʻai wai inā mākou e hoʻohālikelike iā ia i nā ʻōnaehana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe. Loaʻa kēia i kāna ʻōnaehana recirculation. ʻIke ʻo Tan e hoʻopiha i ka wai i nalowale ma o ka evaporation.
  • ʻAʻole pono ia e hoʻohana i nā hopena nutrient e like me hydroponics. ʻAʻole pono ʻoe e hoʻohaumia a hoʻohana i nā momona momona e like me ka mahiʻai maʻamau. Kaukaʻi ʻia i kekahi ʻano o ka hoʻohui ʻana o ka wai i kekahi mau wahi, pono e hoʻohui i kekahi mau ʻoliva e like me ka hao, calcium a me potassium. ʻAʻole hana kūʻokoʻa ka ʻōnaehana i kēia mau manawa i kēia mau kumumea kumuwaiwai i ka nui o ka nui.
  • ʻOi aku ka olakino o ka iʻa i hana ʻia ma mua o nā mea i hānai ʻia i ka aquaculture a ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka hana. ʻAʻole pono ia e mālama i nā ʻōpala iʻa e like me nā kaʻina hana aquaculture kuʻuna. ʻAʻole kipaku ʻia lākou i ke kai a i ʻole nā ​​papa wai hou a pale ia i ka eutrophication o ka wai.
  • Hiki iā mākou ke hana i nā mea ʻai a me nā iʻa o ke kūpono kūpono ma kahi like.
  • He kūpaʻa nui kona i nā pests a me nā maʻi.

ʻO nā papahana aquaponics ʻoihana

Hana ʻia ka papahana aquaponics ʻoihana nui loa o ka honua ma Kina. ʻOi aku ma mua o 4 hectares a hoʻohana i nā ʻenehana hou i ka hui pū me ka ʻohe kahiko. Hoʻohana ʻia ia e hoʻohana i nā hoʻokolohua mahiʻai laiki i nā loko iʻa a hāʻawi i kahi kumu no ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā mea kanu ʻāina āpau. Aia kekahi hoʻāʻo e hoʻōla biologically i kekahi mau meaola mai ka honua.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ka aquaponics.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.