Algae ʻōmaʻomaʻo

Algae ʻōmaʻomaʻo

I nā ʻatikala i hala ua ʻike mākou i ka limu ʻulaʻula. Lawe mākou iā ʻoe i kahi ʻatikala ʻē aʻe e pili ana iā ia. I kēia hihia e kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo. ʻO kā lākou hiʻohiʻona kūikawā he chlorophyll lākou o ka ao a me ka b. ʻO kēia ka mea e hana i nā limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo i kēia kala. Aia ma mua o 7.000 mau ʻano o nā limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo a puni ka honua. Hoʻolahalaha ʻia lākou ma waena o ke kai, ka wai piha a i ʻole ka honua, ʻoiai ka hapa nui he wai wai kai.

Makemake ʻoe e ʻike hohonu i nā ʻano āpau a me ke ʻano o ke ola o nā limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo? E hoʻomau i ka heluhelu ʻana a e aʻo nō ʻoe i nā mea āpau 🙂

Nā kuhikuhi nui

Nā ʻano o ka limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo

ʻO nā limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo, e like me nā meaola āpau i loaʻa ka chlorophyll, sHiki iā lākou ke hana i ka ikehu e ola mai ka photosynthesis. ʻO ka mea pono e ola ai ka lā. E like me kā mākou e noʻonoʻo ai, ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o kēia algae moana, ʻoiai e emi ana ka pā ʻana o ka lā me ka hohonu.

Hoʻoemi ka hoʻohaumia wai i ka nui o ka lā e komo i nā kaiaolaola kai a, no laila, ʻaʻole hiki i nā limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo ke photosynthesize a make. Hiki i kēia ʻano limu ke noho ma aneane o nā kaiaolaola a ʻoiai he mana nui kona no ke ola. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he 10% wale nō o nā limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo a pau o ka honua nei he kai e pili ana i ko lākou hiki i ka photosynthesize a me ko lākou pono no nā hola o ka lā.

Ke hele mākou i ke kai, hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa he nui o nā limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo. Ke hele nei mākou i lalo i ka hohonu, ʻike liʻiliʻi a liʻiliʻi hoʻi mākou i ka emi ʻana o ka lā. ʻOiai hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i kekahi mau limu i kāwele ʻia i ka wai a limu paha o ka nui microscopic, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou aia ma lalo o ka papahele o ke kai.

Hiki i ka hana algae ke lilo i moekolohe a me asexual. Ke hiki mai i ke kālailai ʻana iā lākou, hiki iā mākou ke hoʻokaʻawale i nā koʻokoʻo, nā lau a me nā aʻa e like me kahi mea kanu kiʻekiʻe.

ʻO ka hana hou ʻana i nā limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo

ʻO ka hana hou ʻana i nā limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo

E like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma mua, hiki i nā limu ke hoʻohua i ka asexually ma o ka fragmentation a me ka moekolohe ma nā ʻano like ʻole. E kālailai ana mākou i kēlā me kēia o lākou:

  • ʻO Hologamy: he ʻano reproduction ia e nānā wale ʻia i nā limu unicellular. Aia kāna kope i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka alga holoʻokoʻa iho e hana ma ke ʻano he gamete a fuse me kekahi gamete.
  • Hoʻohui: he ʻano hana kope wale ia i loko o nā limu i filamentous. I loko o ia mea, hana kekahi limu algae e like me nā kāne a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e like me nā wahine. I kēia ala, hiki iā lākou ke hui pū me nā filament a hana i nā paipu uniona kahi e holo ai ka ʻike hānau. Ke pau ke kaʻina hana, hoʻokumu ʻia kahi zygospore ma ke ʻano he hopena. He spore ia e noho latent a hiki i nā kūlana o ke kaiapuni ke kūpono no kāna germination kahi e hana ai i kahi filament hou.
  • Planogamy: ʻO ia kahi ʻano hana kope e hana ai nā gametes lawe lima. Loaʻa nā gametes ʻelua i ka flagella e ʻae iā lākou e neʻe a komo i waena.
  • ʻOʻogamy: Ua like ia me ka mea ma mua, akā i kēia manawa ʻike mākou i ka neʻe ʻole o ka gamete wahine. ʻOiai ʻaʻohe ona flagella, ʻaʻole hiki iā ia ke neʻe a koi i ka hana hou ʻana i waho.

Limu filamentous

Algae ʻōmaʻomaʻo kai

ʻO ka limu filamentous ka hoihoi o ka lehulehu, no ka mea, hoʻohana ʻia ka hapa nui o lākou i nā aquarium. Loaʻa iā lāua nā chlorophyll a a me b a me nā ʻano kala like ʻole e like me carotenes a me xanthophylls. ʻIke pinepine mākou iā ia i nā wahi wai, ʻoiai hiki ke ʻike ʻia e noho ana i nā wahi kai. Hana kēia i mea kanu i hoʻohana i kāu aquarium.

Kapa ʻia lākou he limu filamentous no ka mea he mau hunaola kā lākou i ke ʻano o nā filament e like me nā huluhulu paʻa. I kekahi mau aquarium aia ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o kahi ʻano limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo filamentous e ʻoluʻolu ʻole loa (e like me nā nāhelehele i nā māla) a kapa ʻia ʻo Cladophora. Hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻomaopopo maʻalahi iā lākou no ka mea ke nānā aku lākou e like me kahi hui o nā ʻulaʻula ʻōmaʻomaʻo a ulu paʻa i nā substrates a i ʻole nā ​​mea kanu a puni lākou.

Pono nā limu filamentous i ka nui o nā kukui a me nā meaola e ulu pono. Pono lākou i nā nitrates a me nā phosphates nui i loko o ka wai. Inā makemake ʻoe e hōʻoia i ke kūlana maikaʻi a me ka ulu ʻana o ka limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo i loko o kāu aquarium, e hōʻoia he waiwai maikaʻi kā lākou o kēia mau minelala.

Hiki i kēia mau limu ke lilo i pest inā nui nā meaola. Hiki iā ia ke hōʻino i ka wai me ke kaʻina i kapa ʻia ʻo ka wai eutrophication. He ulu hoʻonui ʻia ia ma muli o ka nui o nā meaola i loko o ka wai e hiki ai i kahi hōʻemi o ka nui o nā kukui i hiki i ka lalo ma muli o ka nui o nā limu. Ke make lākou, hoʻomaka lākou e pala a hana i kahi puni putrid. Kapa ʻia kēia eutrophication wai.

Nā kumu i puka ai i kāu aquarium

ʻO nā limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo i nā aquarium

Loaʻa paha iā ʻoe kahi loko a mai hoʻokahi lā a i kekahi nā limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo e hoʻomaka e hoʻonui. ʻO kēia kumu ma muli o nā kumu like ʻole. ʻO kekahi o nā mea nui ke kaulike ma waena o ka nui o ka nitrate a me ka phosphate i loko o ka wai. Ma ka laulā, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā nitrates ma mua o nā phosphates. ʻO ka loaʻa ʻole o nā waiwai kūpono e ulu ai kēia mau limu i nā aquarium. I mea e hōʻalo ai i kēia kūlana pono pono mākou e kaohi i nā pae o nā mea kanu a mākou e waiho ai i ka loko iʻa.

ʻO kekahi pilikia e hoʻoulu i ka ulu pono ʻole o ka limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo ke kānana liʻiliʻi a i ʻole ka ukana olaolai Kū kēia hanana i ka wā Nā kānana ʻaʻohe o lākou mana e mālama i ka wai i ke kūlana maikaʻi. Ma muli paha o ka lawa ʻole o ka mana o ka aquarium e kānana i ka nui o ka wai a i ʻole ka nui o ka leo a i ʻole no ka mea ua paʻa / ʻino. E noʻonoʻo i kēia hiʻohiʻona, pono mākou e nānā no ka mana e pono ai kahi e hana ai. E ʻike ʻia i ka hoʻokomo ʻana i ka kānana i loko o ka wai, hoʻemi ʻia ka mana e 40%. No laila, pono e kūʻai i kahi kānana iʻoi aku ka nui o ka mana.

Inā ʻoi aku ka nui o ka aquarium o ka lā pololei a i ʻole, ʻo ka nele o ka hoʻomālamalama ʻana, ʻo ia paha ka hihia o ka ulu makemake ʻole ʻia. Pono e ana ʻia ka nui o nā kukui i komo a pono a pono hoʻi.

Lana koʻu manaʻo e kōkua kēia mau ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo iā ʻoe e aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i nā limu ʻōmaʻomaʻo.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
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