ʻO ka pōpoki

pōpoki

I kēia lā e kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i kahi laha kaulana loa no nā aquariums, ʻoiai he nui nā ʻano lāhui a me ko lākou ʻano ʻokoʻa e hoʻonanea loa ai e like me nā holoholona hoʻonaninani. Pili ia i ka iʻa hihi.

Ma waho o nā holoholona momona a pīhoihoi, he kuleana nui lākou i ke kaiaolaola i hana ʻia i loko o nā aquarium. A ʻo ia kekahi e hoʻomaʻemaʻe nei i kekahi iʻa i lalo o nā aquarium (ʻai lākou i ka meaʻai i koe). I kēia ala, pale ʻia ka meaʻai mai ka pala a hoʻopōʻino i ka maikaʻi o ka wai. Makemake ʻoe e ʻike hou e pili ana i ka iʻa?

Nā Generalities

ʻauʻau lele

Aia kekahi ʻano nui o nā iʻa iʻa, ʻo kekahi mau pūʻulu he mau omo i ka lua waha (no ka ʻohana loricáridos). ʻO kēia lua waha ʻae iā lākou e pili i nā paia o ka aquarium a hoʻomaʻemaʻe iā lākou, No laila hiki i ka iʻa iʻa ke hoʻokō i ʻelua mau hana hoʻomaʻemaʻe, hoʻokahi no ka lalo a ʻo kekahi no nā paia.

Aia kekahi nui o nā siluriformes e hoʻopau i nā limu. He kōkua maikaʻi loa kēia inā i loko o kā mākou aquarium loaʻa iā mākou nā limu kūlohelohe e hoʻonui koke. Me kēia iʻa e kōkua mākou e kāohi i nā heluna limu a loaʻa ka aquarium i kahi kūlana maikaʻi aʻe.

ʻOiai kōkua nui ka iʻa i ka mālama ʻana o ka aquarium, ʻaʻole ia he manaʻo ʻaʻole pono mākou e hoʻokō i nā hana mālama iā mākou iho.

Nā ʻano kūpale

iʻa iʻa i loko o ka iʻa iʻa

ʻO ka hapanui o nā hiʻohiʻona iʻa iʻa e noho nei i ke kauoha a ka Siluriformes. Kāhea ʻia lākou he iʻa lawaiʻa no ka mea he ʻumiʻumi ko lākou tentacle i ko lākou waha e like me nā koholā o nā pōpoki. Kapa ʻia kēia mau kohō i nā barbels filamentous. Aia kekahi mau iʻa i loaʻa iā lākou ma lalo o ka waha a i ʻole i ka ihu ponoʻī. E like me nā pōpoki, hoʻohana ʻia kēia mau filament ma ke ʻano he sensory, e ʻimi maʻalahi i ka meaʻai a lākou e hoʻopau ai.

Aia ma ko lākou kino he spine ʻoiʻoi a retractable hoʻi i mua o kā lākou dorsal a me ka pectoral fin. He mea maikaʻi loa kēia mau spine i nā kaiaolaola kūlohelohe ke hoʻouka ʻia lākou e kekahi ʻano predator. Hoʻohui ʻia, i loko o nā lagoons o kēia mau spines he mau ʻawahia ʻino lākou i hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻopili i kā lākou mea pio. Aia i ka laha o ka iʻa iʻa a mākou e ʻike ai, loaʻa paha iā lākou kēia ʻūlū. Ma loko o ka loli ʻana o kēia ʻano, ua nalowale nā ​​ʻōiwi.

ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona kūikawā o ka iʻa iʻa i loaʻa iā ia he ʻili paʻakikī loa a ʻaʻohe unahi unahi. Aia kekahi mau pūʻulu i loaʻa nā pā dermal e lawelawe i ke ʻano pale kaua e pale aku ai i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻia e nā mea ʻino. Ua ulu a pale kēia pale kaua i nā unahi.

Hoʻolahalaha a me nā wahi noho

Noho ka hapa nui o nā iʻa i loko o nā wai hou, ʻoiai aia kekahi mau pūʻulu e noho nei ma nā ʻākoʻakoʻa i nā kaiaola kai. Ua ʻike ʻia lākou i kekahi o nā wai wai brackish.

Hoʻolahalaha ʻia nā iʻa iʻa a puni ka honua koe wale no Antarctica. I kēia manawa ua manaʻo ʻia ʻoi aku ka nui o nā laha ma mua o ʻelua tausani mau ʻano.

Hana a me ka hānai ʻana

pōpoki i hope

Hoʻohana pinepine ka iʻa i ka hapa nui o ko lākou manawa i ka lalo o ka aquarium e ʻimi nei i ka meaʻai. ʻAneʻane kokoke i ka pō āpau, ʻoiai aia kekahi mau pūʻulu, e like me nā locarids i diurnal a pili i nā iʻa ʻē aʻe e like me corydoras.

He ʻokoʻa loa ka hānai ʻana i nā iʻa iʻa, ʻoiai he ʻokoʻa ʻokoʻa ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka hui a mākou. ʻO kekahi mau pūʻulu o kēia mau iʻa he herbivorous piha, makemake kekahi i kekahi invertebrates aquatic, ʻai kekahi i nā iʻa ʻē aʻe, a aia kekahi iʻa iʻa e hānai iā zooplankton.

I ke ʻano o kēia mau iʻa e pili ana i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe āu i loko o ka pahu, pono ʻoe e hoʻomanaʻo i kēlā pīpī parasitize nā iʻa ʻē aʻe (ʻohana Trichomycteridae).

Mālama

hānai pōpoki

Ke kūʻai ʻana i kahi iʻa iʻa no kāu aquarium he mea nui ia ʻike i ka loina o ka mea like e hoʻomākaukau i ka aquarium i kekahi ala a i ʻole kekahi. E hoʻomanaʻo i kēlā me kēia ʻano ʻokoʻa ʻokoʻa loa. No laila, ʻo ke ʻano morphology o loko, e like me ka pahu iʻa, pono e kūlike me nā ʻano loke a mākou e hoʻolauna ai.

Pono ka hapa nui o lākou i nā lāʻau a me nā mea pono ʻē aʻe e hiki ai ke hūnā. Koi aku kekahi mau laha i ke kukui. E pili ana i ka meaʻai, pono ʻoe e ʻike he aha ia a pehea e hānai ʻia ai ma mua, he mau holoholona kekahi, a ʻo nā mea lāʻau ʻē aʻe kekahi a pau i ka ʻai i nā ʻano meaʻai āpau (omnivores). I kēia kūlana hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa ma nā hale kūʻai aquarium he nui nā meaʻai no nā iʻa i kaulike a pono loa no ka mālama ʻana i ka iʻa.

No ka lalo o ka aquarium koi ʻia iā ʻoe kahi kūkulu maikaʻi e hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻomaʻamaʻa maikaʻi i ka hope. Pono mākou e hoʻomanaʻo i kēia mau iʻa ke hoʻohana nei i ka hapa nui o ko lākou manawa ma ka lalo o ka aquarium a, inā mākou e kau i kahi kūkulu maikaʻi e like me ka ʻiliʻili, e hoʻomaʻa maikaʻi lākou a pale ia i nā tentacles mai ʻeha.

Pono ka wai e hoʻomaʻemaʻe a me ka oxygenation maikaʻi. No kēia, maikaʻi ke ʻōnaehana kānana inā makemake mākou e hōʻoia i kona ola.

Hoʻopili

He paʻakikī e wehewehe i kāna ʻano hana kope i ka pio, no ka mea ʻaʻohe kikoʻī kikoʻī. I ka nahelehele, ʻike ʻia ʻo kā lākou hana hou ʻana he oviparous a he hana kūikawā kekahi mau pūʻulu i ka mālama ʻana o nā keiki ma o kā lākou lawe ʻana a me ka oxygenation. Kūkulu ka pōpoki i nā pūnana a mālama nā mākua i nā hua.

ʻO ka iʻa iʻa maikaʻi loa no kāu aquarium a me ke kumukūʻai

pōpoki manō

Ma muli o ka nui o nā iʻa iʻa, paʻakikī e ʻike ʻo wai nā mea ʻoi loa no kāu aquarium. Pono ʻoe e noʻonoʻo i ka nui o kāu iʻa iʻa ke koho ʻana i kahi ʻano ʻē aʻe a i ʻole. Inā liʻiliʻi kāu pahu, ʻo nā callctids ka mea kūpono loa, no ka mea ʻaʻole lākou e ulu nui, hana nui lākou a noho ma lalo o ka hapa nui o ka manawa.

Inā, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, he aquarium nui kāu, ʻo ka ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka plecostomus, no ka mea, ʻoi aku ka nui a me ka nani kupaianaha, ʻoiai he nocturnal lākou. Maʻalahi ka mālama ʻana a kūlike lākou me nā iʻa ʻē aʻe i ka aquarium.

No ka poʻe makemake e loaʻa «manō liʻiliʻi» aia paipai i ka ʻohana Pangasiidae. Hoʻohālikelike ko lākou phenotype ʻano iā lākou e like me nā manō liʻiliʻi, no laila e loaʻa iā ʻoe i ka hoʻonaninani. ʻOiaʻiʻo, koi ʻia kahi pahu iʻa volumous i ka nui e hiki ai iā lākou ke kiʻi.

I mea e hoʻonui ai i ke kala o kāu iʻa iʻa hiki iā ʻoe ke koho i ka ʻohana Pseudopimelodidae. Kū lākou i waho no kā lākou ʻalani a me nā ʻalani ʻeleʻele. Kāhea ʻia lākou he bee catfish.

Loaʻa nā kumukūʻai o ka iʻa lika mai ka 5 a me ka 15 euro ka anakahi.

Me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke mālama pono i kāu iʻa iʻa a loaʻa kahi pahu iʻa i piha i nā laha pīhoihoi.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   rosamelano ia

    kōkua nui iaʻu i ka ʻaoʻao maikaʻi.

  2.   Alicia ia

    Maikaʻi loa kēia ʻaoʻao, kōkua nui ia iaʻu, e paipai wau iā ia.