Kodi pali mitundu ingati ya nsomba?

Mitundu ya nsomba

Poyamba, funsoli limakhala lovuta kuyankha. Komabe, ndizowona kuti maphunziro ambiri adachitidwa, ndipo poyesayesa pang'ono pang'ono akuyesedwa kuti apeze nambala yeniyeni ya mitundu ya nsomba zomwe zilipo padziko lapansi. Zikuwonekeratu kuti si ochepa, chifukwa zatsopano zimapezekabe.

Nyama zokondazi zimadzaza mitsinje, nyanja, nyanja ndi nyanja zomwe zimapereka utoto, chisangalalo ndi zinthu zina zambiri. Komabe, monganso nyama zina zambiri, pali nsomba zamitundumitundu kupitirira zomwe timawona ndipo tili pafupi nawo.

Tigwiritsa ntchito netiweki yamanetiweki kupanga mawerengedwe pafupifupi osachepera zamoyo nsomba amadziwa. Ambiri mwa iwo amagawidwa. Poganizira kuti zatsopano zimapezeka nthawi ndi nthawi, amayesa kuwulula zinsinsi za onse, posachedwa.

Munkhaniyi tikambirana izi: ndi mitundu ingati ya nsomba yomwe ilipo, mawonekedwe ake ndi zina zotani. Ndi izi, cholinga chake ndikuti muziyandikira zolengedwa zapaderazi komanso kuti mudziwe zambiri za izo.

Zambiri

Ma Piranhas

Zonsezi, padziko lapansi pali pafupifupi Mitundu 27.000 nsomba zodziwika. Pali zambiri, ndizowona, koma monga tanenera, chiwerengerochi chikuwonjezeka pafupipafupi, chifukwa cha mitundu yatsopano yomwe imapezeka. Ku nambala iyi tikuyenera kuwonjezera kuti yagawidwa m'mabanja osiyanasiyana 400.

Koma, Mabanja 400 zomwe tafotokozazi zidagawika, m'magulu awiri komanso magawo awiri aliwonse. Maguluwa amapangidwa, kumene, kuti mitundu yonse ikhale m'magulu, chifukwa izi zimathandiza kwambiri pakufufuza kwamtsogolo.

Tiyeni tichite manambala ambiri. Mwa mitundu 25.000 yodziwika, 8%, ndiye kuti, yonse 8.000, amasungidwa ngati nsomba zokongoletsera. Tiyeneranso kunena kuti magulu ofunikira kwambiri ndi ma cyprinids, ma characins, nsomba zam'madzi, carp, labyrinths ndi cichlids.

Choonadi ndi chimenecho kalozera Mitundu ya nsomba ndi ntchito yovuta kwambiri, koma yomwe imachitika pang'onopang'ono, chifukwa imathandiza kwambiri. Ntchitoyi nthawi zambiri imachitika ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya anthu, ngakhale sizikhala choncho ngati ichitika. Cholinga ndikubweretsa zonse kuti zikwaniritse.

Sitikudziwa ngati tidzadziwe konse Zambiri zamoyo zomwe zilipo, koma pakadali pano, ntchitoyi iyenera kupitilirabe, kuyesetsa kupereka magawo kwa nyama zonse, zomwe tikudziwa. Tikutsimikiza kuti tidzadabwa kangapo.

Lingaliro la nsomba ndi lingaliro la mitundu

Nsomba zili ndi mawonekedwe ambiri omwe amawasiyanitsa ndi ena onse okhala padziko lapansi. Mmodzi wa iwo, yemwe mwina ndiwodziwika kwambiri, ndikuti ndi amodzi mwa iwo zinyama zakale kwambiri.

Makamaka, tikamanena za nsomba timanena za "nyama yong'ambika yosavuta, yoperekedwa ndi zipsepse, ndi thupi lomwe limakhala ndi masikelo, lomwe limapumira m'mitsempha ndikuberekanso ndi mazira".

Monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, mkati mwa gululi timatcha "nsomba" magawo angapo kapena magulu ang'onoang'ono otchedwa mitundu ya nsomba atha kupangidwa. Inde, mwina tidamvapo za mitundu ya zinthu mobwerezabwereza koma ... kodi tikudziwadi mtundu wake? Tikufotokozerani pansipa, kuti lembalo likhale lomveka bwino.

Mtundu, nthawi ino a mitundu yachilengedwe, ndi gulu la zamoyo kapena zachilengedwe zomwe zimatha kuswana ndikupanga ana achonde, koma sizingatero ndi mamembala amtundu wina.

Mitundu ya nsomba

Goldfish

Kuyesa kuchuluka kwa mitundu ya nyama zomwe zilipo munyama yomwe tapatsidwa ndi ntchito yovuta kwambiri. Kuti tichite izi, maphunziro ambiri, ntchito yakumunda ndi njira zina ndizofunikira zomwe zimatitsogolera kukwaniritsa izi.

Mkati mwa nsomba, ntchitoyi idapangidwa kale ndikusinthidwa mwanjira yokhazikika, zomwe zimatitsogolera ku mfundo yakuti, lero, akuti ndi mitundu yonse ya nsomba 27 iwo omwe amakhala m'madzi mwathu. Izi, potanthauzira m'mawu ena, zikutanthauza kuti nsomba zimawerengera 9,62 peresenti ya mitundu yonse yazinyama zapamtunda.

Komanso, kuti zikhale zosavuta kuzizindikira ndi zina, mitundu yonseyi idasankhidwa chifukwa cha kufanana kwawo m'magulu osiyanasiyana.

Makamaka, pali magulu anayi amitundu ya nsomba omwe adayamba: nsomba zopanda nsagwada, nsomba zam'mimba ndi nsomba zamathambo.

Pambuyo pake tidzafotokoza momwe magulu onsewa amatchulidwira makalasi kapena magalasi apamwamba.

Mitundu ya nsomba zopanda nsagwada

Lamprey

Gawo loyamba la magawowa omwe tidakambirana m'gawo lapitalo limaphatikizapo nsomba zopanda nsagwada kapena nsomba agnate, yogawidwa m'mitengo ya nyali ndi hagfish.

ndi nyali, Kuti ndikupatseni lingaliro pang'ono, ali kwambiri, ofanana kwambiri ndi ma eels. Zachidziwikire, alibe ubale wina ndi mnzake. Ali ndi matupi otakata, opangidwa ndi gelatinous okhala ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira. Khungu lawo limakhala lowotcha komanso lowonda komanso loterera. Amatha kukhala m'madzi amchere komanso amchere komanso kuberekana kudzera m'mazira.

Kwa iwo, nsomba za hagAmadziwika kuti nsomba zamatsenga, ali m'gulu la zinyama zakale kwambiri padziko lapansi. Zoonadi, nsombazi ndi zolengedwa zachilendo kwambiri. Thupi lake ndi lalitali ndipo, monga momwe zimakhalira ndi nyali, limakutidwa ndi gelatinous, chinthu chomata, ndi zina zambiri. Pakalibe nsagwada, apanga nyumba zingapo zomwe zili kunja kwa kamwa zomwe zimawalola kuti zigwire nyama yawo. Kuphatikiza apo, kangapo amalowa m'thupi la nyama zina zamoyo, zomwe zimatafuna ndikudya matumbo awo chifukwa cha lilime lotuluka, lomwe lili ndi mano. Komabe, kuchita izi sikofala chifukwa nthawi zambiri amadya nyama ya nyama zakufa. Amakhala kumunsi kwa nyanja komwe kuwala kumasooka, komwe kwathandiza kwambiri pakukula kwamphamvu za mphamvu zawo.

Mitundu ya Nsomba Yambiri

Nsomba za Stingray

ndi nsomba za cartilaginous iwonso ndi amodzi mwazinthu zakale kwambiri. Chikhalidwe chake chachikulu ndikuti mafupa ake samapangidwa ndi mafupa, koma amapangidwa ndimatumba. Akulimbananso ndi ziwonetsero zakunja kwa ma gill. Tikamakambirana nsomba za cartilaginous tikukamba za nsombazi, kunyezimira komanso chimera.

Shark, wotchedwanso nsombaziNdi amodzi mwa nyama zolusa kwambiri m'zinyama. Kunena zowona, sanasinthe kwambiri pamalingaliro a morpholoji, chifukwa chake titha kunena kuti adakhalabe osataya nthawi.

Ma stingrays amagawana zikhalidwe zambiri zofananira ndi omwe adachita kale, sharki. Amasiyanitsidwa kwambiri ndi iwo pokhala ndi thupi lokonzedwa bwino mozungulira lokhala ndi mawonekedwe osalala.

Pomaliza timapeza chimera. Nsombazi ndi imodzi mwazinyama zosowa kwambiri komanso zakale kwambiri zomwe zilipo. Masiku ano pali mitundu yambiri ya chimera yomwe ikadalipo. Kuti apeze lingaliro, malinga ndi mawonekedwe, amayenda pakati pa nsombazi ndi kunyezimira. Nthawi zambiri amatchedwa kuti nsomba zamakoswe ndipo amakhala m'madzi akuya.

Makalasi a nsomba zamathambo

Mwa mitundu yonse ya nsomba zomwe zilipo, zomwe zili pansi pa ambulera ya omwe amatchedwa nsomba zamathambo ndizofala kwambiri ndipo timazolowera kuziona. Kuyitanidwa nsomba zamathambo chifukwa mafupa awo amapangidwa ndi mafupa ndipo ali ndi minyewa yomwe imatetezedwa ndi misempha. Kutengera zipsepse zawo, nsomba zamathambo zimatha kusiyanitsidwa pakati nsomba ya actinopterygian y nsomba za sarcopterygian.

Nsomba za Actinopterygian ndi nsomba zam'mimba zomwe zipsepse zawo zimapatsidwa zida zotchedwa cheza.

Nsomba za Sarcopterygian ndi nsomba zamphongo zomwe zakhala ndi zipsepse. Monga chidwi, iwo anali makolo a amphibiya.


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  1.   Cecilia Flores anati

    ndi mitundu ingati yamadzi oyera yomwe imalembetsedwa padziko lonse lapansi

  2.   Emma valentine anati

    Nsomba zonse ndizodabwitsa

  3.   Gonzalo anati

    Zingakhale zabwino kwambiri ngati atayika komwe akuchotsera zomwe ...

  4.   francisco anati

    Ndi zochititsa manyazi bwanji chidwi chochepa pamutuwu.Pamene simukudziwa, kumakhala kosavuta kuyankhula ndikuyankhula.Kodi maofesi ofananawo amachita chiyani? Chuma, ndipo mwa iwo mumavumbula mitundu 12, Mukawafunsa chifukwa chake osayika onse omwe ali kunyanja yaku Spain, amayankha kuti amangofalitsa za ena azamalonda, amawatumizanso ku guevos, ndi zina zotero.