Nsomba zopalasa

Nsomba zopalasa

Eoarfish ndi imodzi mwazinthu zodziwika bwino kwambiri zomwe zimapezeka kumadera onse otentha padziko lapansi. Dzinalo lake lasayansi ndi Malipenga ndipo ndi am'banja la regalecidae. Amakhazikitsidwa m'madzi am'madzi pafupifupi padziko lonse lapansi. Amadziwika kuti ndi imodzi mwamitambo yayitali kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, kufika mamita 17 m'litali.

Nsomba zazitali ngati izi zimawoneka ngati chilombo kuposa nsomba wamba, motero ndikofunikira kudziwa. Kodi mukufuna kuphunzira zonse za nsomba iyi?

Makhalidwe a oarfish

makhalidwe a nsomba zam'madzi

Ngakhale ndi nsomba yomwe ili pafupifupi mamita 17 m'litali, Si nsomba yayikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Ili ndi mphalapala yayikulu yakumbuyo yomwe imapatsa mawonekedwe osowa kwathunthu komanso ofanana ndi njoka.

Si nyama yowopsa, chifukwa imakhala ndi bata pang'ono. Chifukwa nthawi zambiri imakhala yakuya, sizambiri zomwe zimadziwika ndi nsombayi. Amatha kupita kumtunda akafuna kufa kapena kudwala kwambiri.

Thupi lake ndi lochepa kwambiri komanso lophwatalala, chifukwa chake amadziwika kuti nsomba ya saber. Ilibe masikelo, koma ili ndi emvulopu yopangidwa ndi guanine wamtundu wa siliva. Ngakhale pakamwa pake pali panja, sakuwonetsa mano.

Mpheto yake yam'mbali ndi yayikulu kwambiri. Icho chimachokera pamwamba pa maso mpaka kumapeto kwa mchira. Zimasanduka zofiira kapena pinki ndipo zimatenga thupi lanu lonse. Mimbulu yam'mbuyo ili nayo pafupi minga mazana anayi, khumi ndi awiri mwa iwo adatambasulidwa, zomwe zimawoneka mawonekedwe owoneka bwino kwambiri.

Zipsepse za m'chiuno zimakhala ndi zinthu zofanana ndi zakuthambo, ndipo mawonekedwe ake amafanana ndi opalasa (motero ndi dzina lodziwika). Kumbali inayi, zipsepse za pectoral ndizochepa kwambiri, ndizovuta kuziwona ndipo zipsepse zawo zamkati ndi zazing'ono ndizochepa kwambiri.

Khalidwe la Regalecus glesne

Malipenga

Monga tanenera kale, oarfish ndi nsomba yodekha kwambiri. Mutha kunena kuti ndi nsomba zamanyazi zomwe zimachita manyazi kukopa chidwi chawo. Ikapusitsidwa ndi adani ake imathawira pansi ndipo imabisala pakati pa miyala. Amakhala nthawi yayitali moyo wawo akusambira mozama ndikudziteteza ku adani.

Kusambira imagwiritsa ntchito dorsal fin yake ndipo imachita motero. Amapezeka m'malo akuya akusambira mozungulira. Ikhozanso kusambira mopingasa, popeza ili ndi makina oyendetsa bwino kwambiri omwe amawalola kuyendetsa njira zosiyanasiyana kuti asinthe njira. Imachita izi chifukwa chakumapeto kwake.

Nthawi zambiri zimakhala nsomba zokhazokha ndipo sizimawoneka pafupi ndi mtundu wina wamtundu womwewo. Zitha kuwonedwa ndi gulu laling'ono akasamukira kumalo ena, ngakhale samakhala limodzi, koma amakhala patali pang'ono.

Nthawi zambiri zimapezeka zikuyandama pafupi ndi mabanki chifukwa amakokoloka ndi mafunde am'nyanja akadwala kapena kukalamba kale ndipo sangathe kulimbana ndi mafunde. Amawonedwa ngati nyama zakunyanja zowona kukula kwawo komanso nsomba yamwala.

Malo ndi malo ogawa

Malo okhala nsomba

Nsomba za saber zimakhala kuya mpaka pafupifupi mita 1000. Chifukwa chokhoza kusintha kutentha kwa thupi mozungulira madigiri makumi awiri a Celsius, imapezeka pafupifupi m'nyanja zonse zapadziko lapansi, kupatula madera akumtunda. Nthawi zambiri imakhala nsomba yosamukira kwina, motero siyikhala malo amodzi. Komabe, imapezeka mosavuta kumadera otentha a m'nyanja zotentha.

Amasuntha mtunda wautali kuchokera kumadzi osiyanasiyana kuti akapeze chakudya ndi pogona ndikuthawa adani awo. Imatha kuyenda kuchokera kuzama kwa 20 mpaka 1000 metres mwachangu.

Chakudya

Kupalasa nsomba pagombe

Zakudya zawo ndizodya kwambiri. Amalowa m'zakudya zawo nyamayi, nsomba zazing'ono, nkhanu komanso nyama zam'madzi. Zimagwira nsomba zake mwamphamvu, chifukwa zimayenera kugwiritsa ntchito mitsempha yake.

Popeza ilibe mano, singathe kuluma nyama kuti idye. Koma popeza chisinthiko ndichanzeru kwambiri, mtundu uwu udazolowera. Kuperewera kwa mano kumadzipangira ndi ma gill rakers omwe amapangidwira kusaka. Amapangidwa mofanana ndi rake ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito pokoka nyama zawo bwinobwino.

Mukasambira mozungulira, mumapeza mwayi kuposa nsomba zina, monga nsomba zouluka. Nsombazi zimasambira mopendekera ndipo zimatha kukhala pafupi ndi madzi.

Kubalana

nsomba zam'madzi

Ngakhale ndizochepa zomwe zimadziwika ponena za nsomba iyi, zimadziwika kuti nyengo yoberekera imachitika pakati pa Julayi ndi Disembala. Nthawi imeneyi ndipamene amaika mazira ochulukirapo. Kukula kwa izi osiyanasiyana kuchokera 2,5 millimeters ndipo amaponyedwa pamwamba pomwe amangoyandama mpaka amaswa.

Nsombazo zimapangidwa kunja, chifukwa mazirawo amaphatikizidwa kunja kwa thupi lachikazi. Amuna amakhala m'malo ozungulira achikazi kuti amuteteze ku ngozi iliyonse. Mkazi akatulutsa mazira, wamwamuna amatsitsa umuna wake ndikuwadzala manyowa.

Mazirawo ataswa, mphutsi zimatsalira nyengo yabwino kumadera oyandikira kwambiri mpaka atakokedwe ndi mafunde mpaka pansi. Akakhala pansi pa nyanja, amakhala pamenepo mpaka atakula.

Zodabwitsa za nsomba za saber

oarfish chidwi

Nsombazo zimakhala ndi khalidwe lomwe limapangitsa kuti likhale lapadera komanso losiyana ndi nsomba zina ndipo silitali. Zili pafupi kuthekera kodziyendetsa wekha chiwalo. Amakhulupirira kuti imachita izi ikaluma mchira wake kuti idzimasule kwa adani ake. Komabe, izi sangathe kuchita chifukwa alibe mano.

Zomwe zimachitika ndikuti imatha kudzichotsa yokha kumapeto kwa thupi lake kuti ithawe kwa adani ake kenako imatha kudzipezanso yokha. Izi zitha kuchitika kangapo m'moyo wanu wonse.

Monga mukuwonera, oarfish ndi nsomba yotsala ndipo ndiyofunika kudziwa.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa. Amafuna minda amalembedwa ndi *

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.